Chapters 10 and 11 Thinking, Language, and Intelligence. Thinking. Cognition mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating Cognitive Psychologists study these mental activities concept formation problem solving decision making judgment formation.
Chapters 10 and 11
Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
Which one is the prototype?
S P L O Y O C H Y G
Heuristic searching To search for hot cocoa mix, you could search every supermarket aisle (an algorithm), or you could check the breakfast, beverage, and baking supplies sections (heuristics). The heuristics approach is often speedier, but an algorithmic search guarantees you will find it eventually.
The Aha! moment A burst of right temporal lobe activity accompanies insight solutions to word problems
Infants from English-speaking homes
Summary of Language Development
Babbles many speech sounds.
Babbling reveals households
Two-world, telegraphic speech.
Language develops rapidly into
Age at school
Young children have a readiness to learn language. Ten years after coming to the United States, Asian immigrants took a grammar test. Although there is no sharply defined critical period for second language learning, those who arrived before age 8 understood American English grammar as well as native speakers did. Those who arrived later did not
Does language influence our thinking?
Do people that speak more than one language think differently depending on their language at that time?
In 1977, Reggie Jackson hit 3 HR’s against the Dodgers. He has stated that before each at bat, he visualizes crushing a home run. Do you think visualization helps?
Do Animals think?