Adverb clauses
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Adverb Clauses. the Action Occurs. HOW,. WHEN,. WHERE,. WHY,. AND UNDER WHAT CONDITIONS. Adverb Clause. is…. Look and See it, Listen and Hear it. Miss Marie talks about adverb clauses Miss Marie teaches English in Canada, therefore her terminology is different.

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Adverb Clauses

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Adverb clauses

Adverb Clauses

the Action Occurs

HOW,

WHEN,

WHERE,

WHY,

AND UNDER WHAT CONDITIONS


Adverb clause

Adverb Clause

is…


Look and see it listen and hear it

Look and See it, Listen and Hear it

Miss Marie talks about adverb clauses

Miss Marie teaches English in Canada, therefore her terminology is different.

Adverb clauses modify verbs only!

They do not modify adjectives or adverbs.

Adverb phrases modify adjectives and adverbs.

The conjunction for linking the subordinate clause to the main clause is a Subordinating Conjunction, not a conjunctive adverb. A conjunctive adverb is the type of adverb.

Remember to adjust the volume and expand to full screen


What it does

What it does

  • Tells

    • How

      Two people can enjoy a movie, if theycan agree on what movie to see.

      How can two people enjoy a movie?

      if they can agree on what movie to see

Note: Answers to the adverbial questions are sentence fragments.


What it does1

What it does

  • Tells

    • How

    • When

      After wego to the store, wecan have lunch.

      When can we have lunch?

      after we go to the store

Note: Answers to the adverbial questions are sentence fragments.


What it does2

What it does

  • Tells

    • How

    • When

    • Where

      Profanity is not acceptable where young children are playing.

      Where is profanity not acceptable?

      where young children are playing

Note: Answers to the adverbial questions are sentence fragments.


What it does3

What it does

  • Tells

    • How

    • When

    • Where

    • Why

      Iam going to ask Sally to the prom because sheis a pretty girl.

      Why am I going to ask Sally to the prom?

      because she is a pretty girl

Note: Answers to the adverbial questions are sentence fragments.


What it does4

What it does

  • Tells

    • How

    • When

    • Where

    • Why

    • Under what conditions

      If Iget up late, Momwill drive me to school.

      Under what condition will Mom drive me to school?

      if I get up late

Note: Answers to the adverbial questions are sentence fragments.


Linking the clauses

Linking the clauses

Subordinate clauses are linked to the main clause by Subordinating Conjunctions.


How to find it

How to find it

First find the verbs and the predicates.

Second find the subjects.

If the subject is preceded by a subordinate conjunction if is a subordinate clause. If the subordinate clause answers an adverbial question (how, when, where, why or under what conditions), it is an adverb clause.

“Because” tells why

Because we will be building complex sentences, this class needs to understand and identify adverb clauses.

Because wewill be building complex sentences, this classneeds to understand and identify adverb clauses.

Because we will be building complex sentences, this class needs to understand and identify adverb clauses.

Because wewill be building complex sentences, this classneeds to understand and identify adverb clauses.


Look and see it listen and hear it1

Look and See it, Listen and Hear it

What is an adverb clause

Just another explanation

After youwatch this video, youmay have a better understanding of adverb clauses.

After you watch this video, you may have a better understanding of adverb clauses.

Remember to adjust the volume and expand to full screen


How it works placement

How it works - Placement

at the end

at the beginning

Subordinate Clause

Main Clause

Because theyspend a lot of time studying,

Students with good grades get into less trouble

students with good grades get into less trouble.

because theyspend a lot of time studying.

Subordinate Clause

Main Clause

Which order is better? End with the more important idea. This makes the reader remember it better.

Note: Capital letters were changed because of standard sentence capitalization rules. Comma was added after the introductory subordinate clause.


How it works punctuation

How it works -Punctuation

Separation by Comma

A comma is usually not used if the adverb clause is at the end of the sentence.

A comma is usually not usedif the adverb clauseis at the end of the sentence.

If an adverb clause begins a sentence, a comma is used after it.

If an adverb clause begins a sentence, a commais used after it.

Marcel is going to ask the new girl on a dateifhis brother lets him have the car.

Ifhis brother lets him have the car,Marcel is going to ask the new girl on a date.

No Comma here

Comma here


Example of explication

Example of Explication

He read the passage as if he had done it before.

Main clause: “Heread the passage”

Adverb clause: “as if hehad done it before”

tells HOW the action was done

How did he read the passage? as if he had done it before

Subordinate conjunction: “as if”

No punctuation because the clause comes at the end of the sentence.


Just for fun

Just for Fun

Subject

Predicate

Subordinate

Conjunction

Diagramming

Diagramming indicates parts of speech not word order of the sentence. It is a visual picture of the sentence structure.

MainClause

Predicate

Subject

Subordinate Clause

or

Adverb Clause

Note: The subordinate (or dependent) clause is below the main (or independent) clause, even if it appears first in the sentence. The connector is attached to the predicate since it modifies the verb


Just for fun1

Whenever you read, I listen.

Just for Fun

I

listen

Diagramming

Diagramming indicates parts of speech not word order of the sentence. It is a visual picture of the sentence structure.

Main Clause

Whenever

you

read

Subordinate Clause

or

Adverb Clause


Your turn

When did Juan order the pizza?

after he found out what everyone wanted on it

Your Turn

Juanordered pizza after hefound out what everyone wanted on it.

Juan ordered pizza after he found out what everyone wanted on it.

Juanordered pizza after hefound out what everyone wanted on it.

Find the adverb clause

What is the subject, predicate of each clause?

Which clause is the main, subordinate clause?

What is the subordinating conjunction?

What adverbial question is being asked?


Your turn1

When will I give you a call?

when I get there

Your Turn

When I get there, I’ll give you a call.

When Iget there, I’ll give you a call.

When Iget there, I’ll give you a call.

Find the adverb clause

What is the subject, predicate of each clause?

Which clause is the main, subordinate clause?

What is the subordinating conjunction?

What adverbial question is being asked?


Your turn2

When and where will we cheer for Bob?

as he crosses the finish line

Your Turn

We will cheer for Bob as he crosses the finish line.

Wewill cheer for Bob as hecrosses the finish line.

Wewill cheer for Bob as hecrosses the finish line.

Find the adverb clause

What is the subject, predicate of each clause?

Which clause is the main, subordinate clause?

What is the subordinating conjunction?

What adverbial question is being asked?


Your turn3

Under what condition will you know how well you understand the material?

if your teacher grades your assignment

Your Turn

If your teacher grades your assignments, you will know that you understand the material.

If your teacher grades your assignments, youwill know that you understand the material.

If your teacher grades your assignments, youwill know that youunderstand the material.

Find the adverb clause

What is the subject, predicate of each clause?

Which clause is the main, subordinate clause?

What is the subordinating conjunction?

What adverbial question is being asked?

Note: “that you understand the material” is an adjective clause because it acts as the DO to “know”.


Your turn4

Your Turn

See Note

Because Rachelhad broken her leg before the coach sent in the roster, shedid not go to sectionals.

Because Rachel had broken her leg before the coach sent in the roster, she did not go to sectionals.

Because Rachelhad broken her leg before the coach sent in the roster, shedid not go to sectionals.

Find the adverb clause

What is the subject, predicate of each clause?

Which clause is the main, subordinate clause?

What is the subordinating conjunction?

What adverbial question is being asked?

Note: “before the coach sent in the roster” modifies the adverb clause “Before Rachel had broken her leg.”


Your turn5

Your Turn

While he was studying, Alex understood the material, but he couldn’t remember a thing after he played video games all night.

While he was studying, Alex understood the material, buthecouldn’t remember a thing after heplayed video games all night.

While he was studying, Alex understood the material, buthecouldn’t remember a thing after heplayed video games all night.

Find the adverb clause

What is the subject, predicate of each clause?

Which clause is the main, subordinate clause?

What is the subordinating conjunction?

What adverbial question is being asked?

Note: two complex sentences connected by the conjunction “but.”


Try this

Try this!

Learn 4 Good Exercise

Answer all questions

Grammar Bytes Exercise

Answer questions 1,2,3,9,10,16 & 17


References

References

O'Brien, E. (2011).Diagramming Clauses .Retrieved from http://www.english-grammar-revolution.com/diagramming-clauses.html

Royster, J. J., Lester, M., & Ligature, Inc. (1999). Writer’s choice: grammar and composition. New York: Glencoe, McGraw-Hill.

Simmons, R.L. (2011). The adverb clause. Retrieved from http:/www.chompchomp.com/ terms/adverbclause.htm.


Graphics credits

Graphics credits

Photos: Barbara Enoch

Grammar Bytes: Simmons, Robin L. (2011) by permission at <http://chompchomp.com/menu.htm>.

Learn 4 Good: By permission (D. von Chamier, personal communication, February 21, 2011)


Hyperlink credits

Hyperlink credits

Adverb clause examples. Retrieved from: <http://www.learn4good.com/languages/evrd_grammar/adverb_clauses_ex.htm>

Rackham, M. (Writer). (2009). Advanced grammar: adverb clauses . Available from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ylvCDgd4_fA

Selcke, Paul (Writer). (2009). What is an adverb clause? Available from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G6bfbdqJPiY&NR=1&feature=fvwp

Simmons, Robin (2011) Commas – exercise 5. Retrieved from: <http://chompchomp.com/hotpotatoes/commas05a.htm>. Permission at: http://www.chompchomp.com/presentations.htm


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