Work participation amongst indian youth
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Work Participation amongst Indian Youth. Sanjay Kumar Director Centre for the study of Developing Societies (CSDS) Delhi. How big is the issue of Unemployment amongst the Indian Youth?. As soon as we speak of Indian youth few things comes to our mind Large in numbers (sizeable population)

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Work Participation amongst Indian Youth

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Work participation amongst indian youth

Work Participation amongst Indian Youth

Sanjay Kumar

Director

Centre for the study of Developing Societies (CSDS)

Delhi


How big is the issue of unemployment amongst the indian youth

How big is the issue of Unemployment amongst the Indian Youth?

As soon as we speak of Indian youth few things comes to our mind

  • Large in numbers (sizeable population)

  • Growing in size year after year, decade after decade

  • Issue of educational facilities

  • And of course– the problem of “Unemployment” amongst them


Why indian youth faces this problem of unemployment

Why Indian Youth faces this problem of Unemployment?

  • Data from the Census clearly indicate that the proportion of Youth in Indian population has increased over the years.

  • There are now “more” and “better” educational opportunities/facilities.

  • The employment opportunities are also expanding (if not in Govt. sector but in private sector)

  • But the differential rate of growth in employment opportunities and those becoming employable (educated) has resulted in increasing problem of unemployment.

  • There growth of employment opportunities are much less compared to those who are joining the workforce (both skilled and unskilled)


Sources of evidence and some explanations

Sources of evidence and some explanations

Sources of Information

  • Census Data of 2001 and 2011

  • Data collected by Youth Survey conducted by the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies

    Some Explanation

    Main worker:- Worked more than 183 days in a year

    Marginal worker:-Workedlessthan 183 days in a calender year

    Non worker:-Who did not work at all.


Work participation amongst indian youth

Let us first look at the proportion of Youth population: There is consistent increase in the youth population in India (15- 29 years)

Source: Census of India


Work participation amongst indian youth

Since this presentation concerns issue of Unemployment I would like to consider the employable population. (20- 34 years) An increasing youth population between 2001 and 2011

Source: Census of India


Work participation amongst indian youth

Growing opportunity for joining workforce: India has more than 20,000 colleges, with almost 10,000 colleges being set up recently

Source:- FICCI 2012 Report on Twelfth Five Year Plan


Private institutions lead in terms of number of institutions and student enrollment

Private Institutions lead in terms of number of Institutions and student enrollment

Source:- FICCI 2012 Report on Twelfth Five Year Plan


Work participation amongst indian youth

Demand for Vocational Education has resulted in the Growth of Vocational Education and Training Institutes (ITI/ ITC)

Source:- FICCI 2012 Report on Twelfth Five Year Plan


Work participation amongst indian youth

The Indian Youth also share the view that unemployment is their biggest problem. But similar numbers also believe, poverty is also a big problem for them.

Source: - CSDS Data Unit. ( Youth Study 2009).Youth here is 15- 33 years.


There is increase in proportion of non workers among youth since 2001

There is increase in proportion of “Non workers” among Youth since 2001

Source: Census of India


The proportion of non workers has increased among rural youth

The proportion of Non-workers has increased among Rural Youth

Rural

Urban

Note: All figures in %. Source:- Census of India


The youth workforce is largely dominated by men there are very few women

The Youth workforce is largely dominated by men, there are very few women

Male

Female

Note: All figures in %. Source:- Census of India


The situation is better amongst youth belonging to st community compared to sc

The situation is better amongst Youth belonging to ST community compared to SC

Note: All figures in %. Due to limited age categories provided for 2011 Census Data for SCs and STs, age group 15-34 has been considered for analysis.


But all those who are non workers are not employable amongst 40 percent non workers

But all those who are non workers are not employable (amongst 40 percent non workers)

Source:- Census Data 2011


Work participation amongst indian youth

But problem is much deeper, unemployment is prevalent even amongst those who are employable Unemployment among young graduates in Urban India (upto29 years)

Note: NSS0 Data


Work participation amongst indian youth

But sadly issue of Unemployment is low on political radar, even youth do not consider this to be an important issue in election

Most important problem that the government should address

Unemployment as the most important issue for voting

Source:- CSDS data Unit. NES 2014

Source: - CSDS Data Unit. SDSA 2013


Thanks

Thanks


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