Abstract Microstructure of butterfly scales are detailed with 3-D structures and thin-films Iridescent scales reflect bright colors by thin-film effects & other optical phenomena Balance of radiation is absorbed for thermoregulatory purposes
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incident sun light
transmitted lightOptical Phenomena
white lightOptical Phenomena
incident white light
scale cross sectionPapilio blumei
scale cross section
lower laminaMorpho menelaus
DP. blumei Numerical Model
neffective = F nchitin + (1-F) nair
airM. menelaus Numerical Model
(nm)P. blumei Results
(nm)M. menelaus Results
This research is funded by the National Science Foundation under grant numbers CTS-9157278 and DBI-9605833
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