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Risks and Hazards to Consider. Unit 3. Unit 3 Overview. This unit describes: The importance of identifying and analyzing possible hazards that could occur at an event The risks and vulnerabilities associated with each hazard. Unit Objectives.

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unit 3 overview
Unit 3 Overview

This unit describes:

  • The importance of identifying and analyzing possible hazards that could occur at an event
  • The risks and vulnerabilities associated with each hazard
unit objectives
Unit Objectives

At the conclusion of this unit, participants will be able to:

  • Identify hazards that are most likely to affect special events
  • Identify the risks presented by the hazards
unit objectives cont
Unit Objectives (cont.)
  • Identify strategies for overcoming and minimizing risks and hazards associated with a special event
  • Describe the elements of a contingency plan
hazard analysis
Hazard Analysis
  • Definition: Process used to anticipate hazards; likelihood, frequency, damage, impact, and community vulnerability.
  • Awareness and foresight of potential cascading events are important
  • Special events pose increased risk for incidents
conducting a hazard analysis
Conducting a Hazard Analysis

Conducting a hazard analysis involves four steps:

  • Identify the hazards
  • Profile the identified hazards
  • Perform a risk index to prioritize the hazards
  • Plan for vulnerabilities
identify hazards
Identify Hazards

Reference sources for identifying hazards:

  • The jurisdiction’s existing hazard analysis
  • Historical data, especially as they relate to similar hazards
  • Statistical data about the hazards that are most likely to occur in your area
  • Specific and unique hazards to the event
activity 3 1 hazard id
Activity 3.1 - Hazard ID
  • Divide into small groups
  • Identify 5 hazards most likely to occur at your event
  • Reconvene and discuss with the group
profile hazards
Profile Hazards
  • A hazard profile determines:
    • Magnitude
    • Frequency
    • Duration
    • Speed of onset

“Hazard Vulnerability Assessment” Job Aids Page A-55

profile hazards cont
Profile Hazards (cont.)
  • Use Hazard Profile Worksheet
    • Consult all available sources of info regarding the event
    • Complete profile for each hazard
    • Do not ignore low-risk hazards – plan for these anyway
activity 3 2 profiling hazards
Activity 3.2 – Profiling Hazards
  • Same groups as previous exercise
  • Use worksheets in Student Manual
  • Complete hazard profile form for one of the hazards identified
  • Reconvene and discuss with the class
prioritizing risks hazards
Prioritizing Risks/Hazards
  • Risk is defined as the predicted impact that a hazard would have on people, services, and specific facilities at the event and in the community
  • Quantifying risk enables planners to focus on those hazards that pose the highest threat to life, the environment, or property
prioritizing risks hazards cont
Prioritizing Risks/Hazards (cont.)
  • Quantify the risks – key questions
    • What level of coverage is in the community’s EOP?
    • Are critical facilities affected?
    • Are local personnel trained and equipped to respond?
    • Could responders be delayed for any reason? For how long?
prioritizing risks hazards cont14
Prioritizing Risks/Hazards (cont.)
  • Quantifying risk involves:
    • Identifying elements of the event that are potentially at risk from a specific hazard.
    • Developing response priorities. Risk to life is always the highest priority.
    • Assigning severity ratings based on the potential impact.
    • Compiling risk data into event risk profiles.
prioritizing risks hazards cont15
Prioritizing Risks/Hazards (cont.)
  • Priority 1: Life safety, including hazard areas, high-risk populations, and potential search and rescue situations.
  • Priority 2: Essential facilities. Response personnel cannot respond if their own facilities are affected.
  • Priority 3: Critical infrastructure that are essential to life safety and that would adversely affect response efforts if they were disrupted.
prioritizing risks hazards cont16
Prioritizing Risks/Hazards (cont.)
  • Assign a hazard severity rating or risk index.
    • Predicts the damage that can be expected as a result of the hazard.
    • Use the Hazard Vulnerability Assessment table to calculate the ratings and impact.
    • Assign a value to each characteristic.
    • Assign a rating for each type of hazard data.

“Hazard Vulnerability Assessment” Job Aids Page A-56

prioritizing risks hazards cont17
Prioritizing Risks/Hazards (cont.)
  • To determine the overall risk value for each hazard:
    • Select a hazard
    • Assign a value of 1-4 to each characteristic
    • Add the values
    • Divide by 4 to arrive at an overall risk value
activity 3 3 ranking the hazards
Activity 3.3 Ranking the Hazards
  • Same groups as previous exercise
  • Use worksheets in Student Manual
  • Complete the Hazard Vulnerability Assessment for each hazard identified and determine the overall risk value
  • Reconvene and discuss with the class
plan for vulnerabilities
Plan for Vulnerabilities
  • Develop scenarios for the highest-risk hazards identified
  • A scenario will trace the hazard’s development into an emergency
  • Scenarios should be realistic
  • Scenarios require brainstorming by event planners
plan for vulnerabilities cont
Plan for Vulnerabilities (cont.)
  • A scenario should describe:
    • The initial warning of the event
    • The potential overall impact on the community
    • The potential impact of the event on specific community sectors
    • The potential consequences, such as casualties, damage, and loss of services
    • The actions and resources that would be needed to deal with the situation
plan for vulnerabilities cont21
Plan for Vulnerabilities (cont.)
  • Creating scenarios helps to identify situations that may exist in a disaster. These situations should be used to help ensure that a community is prepared should the hazard event occur.
activity 3 4 planning for vulnerabilities
Activity 3.4 Planning for Vulnerabilities
  • Same groups as previous exercise
  • Use worksheet in Student Manual
  • Complete the scenario worksheet for your most highly ranked hazard
  • Reconvene and discuss with the class
terrorism hazards
Terrorism Hazards
  • Special events are prime targets for terrorist activity by activist groups:
    • Political
    • Religious
    • Racial
    • Environmental
    • Special Interest
terrorism hazards cont
Terrorism Hazards (cont.)
  • Planning can lessen likelihood of surprise incident
    • Descriptive intelligence gathering
    • Predictive interpretation/probability forecast
    • Operational readiness (training, equipment, practiced response)
terrorism hazards cont25
Terrorism Hazards (cont.)
  • Law enforcement should take lead in forecasting and planning
  • Planners should assign roles and responsibilities for agencies
  • ICS is important for response

“Criminal and Terrorist Risks” Job Aids Pages 1-14 – 1-16

terrorism hazards cont26
Terrorism Hazards (cont.)
  • Planners and local law enforcement should work with State and Federal partners to gather information and develop contingency plans
  • State and local data from Federally mandated assessments should be reviewed (Jurisdiction and Vulnerability Assessment)
identifying mitigation actions
Identifying Mitigation Actions
  • Hazard mitigation - Action taken to reduce risk to life and property from a hazard
  • Mitigation planning has four steps:
    • Organize resources
    • Assess risks
    • Develop a mitigation plan
    • Implement plan and monitoring progress
hazard mitigation plan
Hazard Mitigation Plan
  • Identify, evaluate, and prioritize actions
  • Address several questions:
    • Which actions can help us meet our mitigation objectives?
    • What capabilities do we have to implement these actions?
    • What impacts will these actions have on our community?
mitigation categories
Mitigation Categories
  • Mitigation actions have six broad categories:
    • Prevention
    • Property protection
    • Public education and awareness
    • Natural resource protection
    • Emergency services
    • Structural projects
mitigation implementation
Mitigation Implementation
  • To implement a mitigation plan and activities, you must identify:
    • Resources
    • Timeframes
    • Partners
    • Responsibilities
contingency plans
Contingency Plans
  • Consider every high-risk, high-impact incident
  • Consult with all parties who may respond to an emergency situation

“Contingency Plans” Job Aids Pages 2-4 – 2-5