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One Size Does Not Fit All: An Introduction to Differentiated Instruction. Workshop 1. Take Care of Business. Introductions Expectations Graduate Credit Service Agreements & Vouchers. How well do YOU know the people around you? . 3 Facts & a Fib Write 3 facts about yourself

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One size does not fit all an introduction to differentiated instruction

One Size Does Not Fit All:An Introduction to Differentiated Instruction

Workshop 1


Take care of business
Take Care of Business

  • Introductions

  • Expectations

  • Graduate Credit

  • Service Agreements & Vouchers


How well do you know the people around you
How well do YOU know the people around you?

  • 3 Facts & a Fib

    • Write 3 facts about yourself

    • Write 1 fib about yourself

    • Circulate & talk to 5 people

    • If they do not correctly identify the fib, they must sign your postcard


Workshop outcomes
Workshop Outcomes

  • Increased understanding of what Differentiated Instruction IS & IS NOT

  • Add to our Instructional Strategies Toolbox

  • Increased understanding of theories of multiple intelligence/learning styles

  • Begin planning a differentiated lesson/unit for your own classroom


“If students don't learn the way we teach them, we must teach them the way they learn.”

- Marcia Tate, Developing Minds Inc., Conyers, GA


What is your north star
What Is Your North Star? teach them the way they learn.”

  • Peter H. Reynolds

  • Listen to the story online

  • http://www.fablevision.com/place/radio/ns.html

  • Read it online

  • http://www.fablevision.com/northstar/index.html


Differentiation is not
Differentiation IS NOT . . . teach them the way they learn.”

  • The same as an IEP for every student

  • Just another way to group kids

  • Expecting less of struggling learners than of typical learners

  • A substitute for specialized services

  • Chaotic

  • New


Good differentiation is
Good Differentiation IS . . . teach them the way they learn.”

  • Varied avenues to content, process, product

  • Respectful of all learners

  • Proactive

  • Student-centered

  • A blend of whole class, small group, and individual instruction

  • Based on students’ readiness, interests, and/or learning profile


Essential questions
Essential Questions teach them the way they learn.”

  • Who are the students in our classrooms?

  • What diversity impacts and influences curriculum and instruction?


Diversity in the classroom

ADD teach them the way they learn.”

ADHD

Gifted/Talented

LD

Vision Impaired

Hearing Impaired

Maturity

Autistic

Physically Disabled

Multiple Handicapped

English Language Learners

Social Status

Economic Status

Diversity in the Classroom


3 keys to differentiated instruction
3 Keys to Differentiated Instruction teach them the way they learn.”

  • Content

    • What we teach students

    • Materials and methods used

  • Process

    • Activities

    • Calls on students to use key skills

  • Product

    • How students show what they have learned

    • Should also allow students to extend what they learned


Key 1 adapt content
Key #1 – Adapt Content teach them the way they learn.”

  • Refers to both materials & methods

  • Accommodate students’ different starting points

    • Some students ready for more complex or abstract levels

    • Some students ready for independent work


Content differentiation examples
Content Differentiation Examples teach them the way they learn.”

  • Multiple versions of texts

  • Variety of texts to support concept

  • Interest centers

  • Learning contracts

  • Support systems

    • Audiotapes

    • Mentors

    • Study partners


Key 2 adapt process
Key #2 – Adapt Process teach them the way they learn.”

  • Students use key skills

    • Bloom’s Taxonomy

    • Multiple Intelligence Theories

  • Common focus

    • Vary student activities

  • Teacher uses a variety of methods


Process differentiation examples
Process Differentiation Examples teach them the way they learn.”

  • Tiered Assignments

    • Layered Curriculum (Nunley)

  • Learning Centers

  • Jig Saw Assignments

  • Learning Logs

  • Graphic Organizers

  • Modify their environment (fidgets)


Key 3 adapt product
Key #3 – Adapt Product teach them the way they learn.”

  • Culminating learning experience that occurs after many days or weeks of study

  • Demonstration and extension of what they know, understand, and are able to do


Product differentiation examples
Product Differentiation Examples teach them the way they learn.”

  • Variety of assessment types

  • Tiered Assignments

  • Independent Study


Variables to consider
Variables to Consider teach them the way they learn.”

  • Readiness – in reading, math, & beyond

  • Complexity & Challenge of both process & product

  • Pace of learning and production

  • Grouping practices

  • Use of assessment results to inform teaching and learning


Guidelines for the di classroom
Guidelines for the DI Classroom teach them the way they learn.”

  • Focus on essentials

  • Attend to student differences

    • NO strategy works on ALL students

  • Assess often and use it to make adjustments/modifications

  • Mutual respect

  • Be flexible

  • Doesn’t happen 100% of the time!!!!


Simple ways to start
Simple Ways to Start teach them the way they learn.”

  • Add an interdisciplinary element to a favorite unit

  • Collaborate with other teachers

  • Offer students a variety of presentation options

  • Apply Multiple Intelligence thinking to group/individual projects


Time for a break

Time For a Break teach them the way they learn.”


A few fun strategies

A Few Fun Strategies teach them the way they learn.”

Teach In Color!

Creature Comforts!

Music!


Color increases understanding
Color teach them the way they learn.” Increases Understanding

  • Using color for key concepts can increase memory retention up to 25%


Experiment

Experiment teach them the way they learn.”


Memorize the pattern 30 seconds
Memorize the Pattern teach them the way they learn.”30 seconds


Memorize the colors used 30 seconds
Memorize the Colors Used teach them the way they learn.”30 seconds


Memorize the pattern 30 seconds1
Memorize the Pattern teach them the way they learn.”30 seconds


Teach in c o l o r
Teach in teach them the way they learn.”Color

  • Color Code

    • Key Concepts

    • Colored Pens

    • Color with Sunshine

  • Painted Essay

  • Colored Acetate

    • Number chart

    • Sliding mask

    • Highlighting tape

    • Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome


A quick start
A Quick Start teach them the way they learn.”

  • “Color Code” key concepts

    • Easy in modern classrooms

      • White boards, Smart Boards, & computer software

    • Key terms in all content areas

    • Math (parts of equations)

    • Language arts (parts of speech, important vocabulary, editing)

  • Correct “with sunshine”

  • Students do their own color coding

    • Highlighting Tape

    • Colored pens/pencils/highlighters


Word walls in color
Word Walls in Color teach them the way they learn.”

CALEB GATTEGNO


Correct with sunshine
Correct “With Sunshine” teach them the way they learn.”

  • Use yellow highlighter to identify incorrect answers

  • Give student option to correct and receive partial (or whole) credit

    • Key to success – require students to explain in writing what they did wrong and how they corrected the problem


Use colored pens pencils
Use Colored Pens/Pencils teach them the way they learn.”

  • In writing for peer editing

    • Each member of group gets a different color

    • Can instantly see if everyone has contributed

      • Option – students use colored pen for their own editing/revising

  • For language study of verbs

    • Color code the different tenses

    • Color code the verb endings

    • Color code roots/prefixes/suffixes


Skier to ski

Je ski teach them the way they learn.”e

Tu skies

Il/elle/on skie

Nous skions

Vous skiez

Ils/elles skient

Skier(to ski)


The painted essay
The Painted Essay teach them the way they learn.”


Peripherals
Peripherals teach them the way they learn.”

  • Post key concepts or terms on walls

  • Use bright colored paper

  • At test time . . .

    • Leave it up in same place

    • Cover the concept with the same color paper

  • Memory trigger for visual learners

    • They can “picture” the words.


Vision learning
Vision & Learning teach them the way they learn.”

  • “25% of students in grades k-6 have visual problems that are serious enough to impede learning.” (American Public Health Association)

  • “It is estimated that 80% of children with a learning disability have an undiagnosed vision problem.”(Vision Council of America)


20 20 does not mean that vision is perfect
20/20 does not mean that vision is perfect! teach them the way they learn.”

  • The 20/20 vision test does not test how well you see at reading distance. In fact, the 20/20 test fails to evaluate many other important aspects of normal vision such as:

    • Eye focusing

    • Eye coordination

    • Eye teaming (binocular vision)

    • Eye movement

    • Visual perceptual skills

    • Color vision


Simple tools
Simple Tools teach them the way they learn.”

  • Sliding Masks & Focus Frames

    • Provides for a narrower focus

    • Add colored acetate

  • Book Marks & Sticky Flags

    • Provides focus

    • Add colored acetate

    • Coded Bookmarks

    • Sticky Flags


Scotopic sensitivity syndrome
Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome teach them the way they learn.”

  • 12% of population

  • Contrast problems (only 1 symptom)

    • Black text on bright white paper

    • Striped patterns on carpet clothes seem to move

    • Vertical/horizontal blinds

  • Leads to classroom difficulties

    • Restlessness

    • Difficulty staying on task


Scotopic sensitivity syndrome1
Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome teach them the way they learn.”

  • Contrast problems (only 1 symptom)

  • Strategies

    • Use dull colored paper for writing

    • Use colored acetate over black text on white paper

    • Use a bookmark when reading to avoid losing place

  • http://www.hale.ndo.co.uk/scotopic/

  • http://www.irlen.com/sss_main.htm


Creature comforts grades k 12
Creature Comforts teach them the way they learn.”Grades K-12

  • Tolerance for sitting will ALWAYS be at different levels for different people.

  • Even adults benefit from Fidgets or Movement

  • Set ground rules in the classroom.

    • Remove “it” if/when it becomes a toy or distraction


Tactile fidgets grades k 12
Tactile Fidgets teach them the way they learn.”Grades K-12

  • Paper clip

  • Cellophane tape rolled backwards around a finger

  • Pipe cleaners

  • Stress balls

  • Pocket Fidget (small item kept in the child’s pocket)

  • Carpet square under desk


Visual fidgets grades k 12
Visual Fidgets teach them the way they learn.”Grades K-12

  • Lava lamp

  • Fish tank

  • Mobile


Nomadic learners
Nomadic Learners teach them the way they learn.”

  • “If we build in enough movement during the class period, students will be less likely to move on their own.”

  • Motion resources

    • Minds in Motion

    • Learning on Their Feet

http://doe.sd.gov/oess/schoolhealth/mindsinmotion/index.asp


Ideas for the nomadic learner
Ideas for the Nomadic Learner teach them the way they learn.”

  • Mini Field Trip

  • A Home Away From Home

  • Music Stand Learning

  • Rocking Chair Reversal


Act it out visual clues grades 4 12
Act It Out – Visual Clues teach them the way they learn.”Grades 4-12

  • Vocabulary strategy for the Kinesthetic Learner

    • Place students into groups

    • Provide 60 seconds to figure out how to Act Out a vocabulary word

      • Example – PERIMETER (walking around edge of room)


pe teach them the way they learn.”rimeter

area


Involve the senses
Involve the Senses teach them the way they learn.”

  • See

  • Hear

  • Taste

  • Smell

  • Touch


The role of music
The Role of Music teach them the way they learn.”


Why music
Why Music? teach them the way they learn.”

  • Stimulates the brain

    • Right side for creativity

    • Activates thinking parts of the brain

  • Creates a sound curtain to isolate groups

  • Increases attentiveness

  • Effects emotions, heart rate, mood, mental images of listener

  • Embeds learning faster

    • Alphabet song

    • http://www.school-house-rock.com/Prea.html


Time for lunch
Time For Lunch teach them the way they learn.”


Multiple intelligences

Multiple Intelligences teach them the way they learn.”

Begin With the Brain


Dots on grids
Dots on Grids teach them the way they learn.”

A

B

D

C


Brain principles
Brain Principles teach them the way they learn.”

  • The brain is a complex adaptive system.

  • The brain is social.

  • The search for meaning is innate.

  • The search for meaning occurs through patterning.

  • Emotions are critical to patterning.

  • Every brain simultaneously perceives and creates parts.


More brain principles
More Brain Principles teach them the way they learn.”

  • Learning involves both focused attention and peripheral perception.

  • Learning always involves conscious and unconscious processes.

  • We have at least 2 ways of organizing memory.

  • Learning is developmental.

  • Complex learning is enhanced by challenge and inhibited by threat.

  • Every brain is uniquely organized.


Simple learning styles
Simple Learning Styles teach them the way they learn.”

  • Auditory

    • Learns best from listening

  • Visual

    • Learns best from seeing

  • Kinesthetic/Tactile

    • Learns best from doing


Why visual literacy
Why Visual Literacy? teach them the way they learn.”

  • Average youth today

    • By age 18 - 22,000 hours watching TV

      • By age 14 has seen 12,000 murders on network TV programming!!!!

    • By 18 – 12,500 hours in school

  • Average vocabulary of 14-year-olds is shrinking

    • In 1950 – 25,000 words

    • In 1999 – 10,000 words


Visual learner
Visual Learner teach them the way they learn.”

  • Images go directly to long-term memory in brain

  • Humans process visuals 60,000 times faster than text

  • Words processed sequentially

    • Keyboard

  • Images processed simultaneously

    • Camera


Turn your paper sideways
Turn Your Paper Sideways teach them the way they learn.”

  • Grades 2-7 (or higher if needed)

  • A trick for lining up numbers when working with multi-digit numbers in columns

    • TURN THE PAPER SIDEWAYS & use the lines as column guides

    • Also provides novelty (brain trigger)


Jig saw book
Jig-Saw Book teach them the way they learn.”

  • Good tool for kinesthetic learners

  • They can manipulate the content


Gardner s multiple intelligences

Logical/Mathematical teach them the way they learn.”

Visual/Spatial

Musical/Rhythmic

Bodily/Kinesthetic

Naturalist

Interpersonal

Intrapersonal

Verbal/Linguistic

Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences


Sternberg intelligences
Sternberg Intelligences teach them the way they learn.”

  • Analytical

  • Practical

  • Creative


Time for a break1

Time For a Break teach them the way they learn.”


Writing intelligence preference lesson plans
Writing Intelligence Preference Lesson Plans teach them the way they learn.”

  • As a result of the lesson, students should

    • Know what?

    • Understand what?

    • Be able to do what?

  • What range of learner needs in your class relate to the topic?


Difficulty vs rigor
Difficulty vs Rigor teach them the way they learn.”

“ We must be careful not to assign

more difficult tasks (tasks requiring

more effort or time) when what we

mean to do is challenge students with more rigorous tasks (tasks requiring more complex thought).”

Judith Dodge - Differentiation in Action


Assignments for next time
Assignments for Next Time teach them the way they learn.”

  • Try a new strategy & report back to the group about the experience

  • Begin the planning process for a lesson using intelligence preference

    • Choose a standard (or standards) to teach

    • Identify student goals for that standard

    • Choose possible strategies

    • Be prepared to share with the group


He was me
He Was Me teach them the way they learn.”


Resource nunley website
Resource - Nunley Website teach them the way they learn.”

  • HOT TOPIC # 1: When counting, gestures help. Researchers discoveredthat when students have to count things, those that could point, nod or otherwise make body gestures, were faster and more accurate than those who were not allowed to gesture. The gesture apparently adds rhythm which makes counting more accurate and also aids the brain in maintaining place. Carlson, R. et al. (2007). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, Vol 33, 4

  • Teacher Tip # 2: We use music for transition times in class and between class periods. I ask for student volunteers to bring in a CD of their choice for us to use for the week. No name, workshop participant, Midland, Michigan.

    You can subscribe to this newsletter at:

    http://help4teachers.com/newsletter.htm


Facilitated By teach them the way they learn.”

Sara Fridley & Kathleen West

Region 3 Education Service Agency

[email protected]

[email protected]


Have you visited lately
Have You Visited Lately? teach them the way they learn.”

http://sdesa.k12.sd.us


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