Social cohesion
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Social Cohesion. Emile Durkhiem. Emile Durkhiem. Makes the divide permanent between sociology and psychology Collective conscience Studies suicide. Collective Conscience . The moral and ethical code that holds every society together Why is this important?

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Social Cohesion

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Social cohesion

Social Cohesion

Emile Durkhiem


Emile durkhiem

Emile Durkhiem

  • Makes the divide permanent between sociology and psychology

  • Collective conscience

  • Studies suicide


Collective conscience

Collective Conscience

  • The moral and ethical code that holds every society together

  • Why is this important?

  • Where does the collective conscience come from?

    • People HAVE to have a sense of trust in order to even consider forming a society

    • As that ‘trust’ grows so does the basis of the collective conscience


How can we see the collective conscience at vsu

How can we “see” the collective conscience at VSU?


Changing of the collective conscience stage 1

Changing of the collective conscience….. Stage #1

Society based on mechanical solidarity

  • Primitive society

  • Based on repressive law

  • Little or no job specialization

  • High amount of religion


Stage 2 organic solidarity

Stage #2- Organic Solidarity

  • Society based on organic solidarity

  • Most advanced type of society

  • Based on

    • Restitutive law

    • High degree of job specialization

    • Society based on science and industry (not religion)


How does society move from mechanical solidarity to organic solidarity

How does society move from mechanical solidarity to organic solidarity?

  • Increase in a division of labor

  • Increase in individual freedom

    • Because of increase in science


Durkheim and suicide

Durkheim and Suicide

  • Caused the divide between sociology and psychology

  • Studied suicide rates per 100,000 people in Germany, France, and a disputed territory between them

  • Used coroner’s notes and suicide notes to classify the person’s behavior into his sociological categories


Suicide

Suicide

suicide is all causes of death resulting directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the victim which he or she knows will produce this effect

  • Positive suicide- doing something to die

  • Negative suicide- not doing something that causes death


Variable 1

Variable 1:

  • How INTEGRATED into the collective conscience was the individual

    • Integrated in Sociology - of or pertaining to a group or society whose members interact on the basis of commonly held norms or values.

  • 2 types of suicide fall under this


Type 1 egoistic suicide

Type 1. Egoistic Suicide

  • Low level of integration into the collective conscience

  • Example: most typical teen suicides


Type 2 altruistic

Type 2. Altruistic

  • High level of integration into the collective conscience

  • Examples:

    • Suttee in India

    • Kamikaze pilots in WWII

    • 9/11 terrorists from the terrorist’s perspective


Variable 2

Variable 2

  • How REGULATED by the collective conscience was the individual?

  • Two types of suicide


Type 1 anomic suicide

Type 1: Anomic Suicide

  • Low level of regulation by the collective conscience

  • Examples

    • Widow/widower- generally the surviving spouse will be dead in 18 months (1.5 years) or less.

    • Lottery winner


Type 2 fatalistic suicide

Type 2: Fatalistic Suicide

  • High level of regulation by the collective conscience

  • Examples

    • Prisoner with life without parole

    • Holocaust camp prisoner on a hunger strike


Suicide across the board

Suicide Across the “Board”

  • Gender

  • Religion

  • Country


Durkheim and religion

Durkheim and Religion

Totemic principle

  • Australian aboriginal tribes

  • All human religious expression was intrinsically founded in relationship to the group from which it emerges

  • Sacred-religious

  • Profane- not religious

  • Totem- any religious symbol


Questions

Questions?


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