Social cohesion
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 18

Social Cohesion PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Social Cohesion. Emile Durkhiem. Emile Durkhiem. Makes the divide permanent between sociology and psychology Collective conscience Studies suicide. Collective Conscience . The moral and ethical code that holds every society together Why is this important?

Download Presentation

Social Cohesion

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Social Cohesion

Emile Durkhiem


Emile Durkhiem

  • Makes the divide permanent between sociology and psychology

  • Collective conscience

  • Studies suicide


Collective Conscience

  • The moral and ethical code that holds every society together

  • Why is this important?

  • Where does the collective conscience come from?

    • People HAVE to have a sense of trust in order to even consider forming a society

    • As that ‘trust’ grows so does the basis of the collective conscience


How can we “see” the collective conscience at VSU?


Changing of the collective conscience….. Stage #1

Society based on mechanical solidarity

  • Primitive society

  • Based on repressive law

  • Little or no job specialization

  • High amount of religion


Stage #2- Organic Solidarity

  • Society based on organic solidarity

  • Most advanced type of society

  • Based on

    • Restitutive law

    • High degree of job specialization

    • Society based on science and industry (not religion)


How does society move from mechanical solidarity to organic solidarity?

  • Increase in a division of labor

  • Increase in individual freedom

    • Because of increase in science


Durkheim and Suicide

  • Caused the divide between sociology and psychology

  • Studied suicide rates per 100,000 people in Germany, France, and a disputed territory between them

  • Used coroner’s notes and suicide notes to classify the person’s behavior into his sociological categories


Suicide

suicide is all causes of death resulting directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the victim which he or she knows will produce this effect

  • Positive suicide- doing something to die

  • Negative suicide- not doing something that causes death


Variable 1:

  • How INTEGRATED into the collective conscience was the individual

    • Integrated in Sociology - of or pertaining to a group or society whose members interact on the basis of commonly held norms or values.

  • 2 types of suicide fall under this


Type 1. Egoistic Suicide

  • Low level of integration into the collective conscience

  • Example: most typical teen suicides


Type 2. Altruistic

  • High level of integration into the collective conscience

  • Examples:

    • Suttee in India

    • Kamikaze pilots in WWII

    • 9/11 terrorists from the terrorist’s perspective


Variable 2

  • How REGULATED by the collective conscience was the individual?

  • Two types of suicide


Type 1: Anomic Suicide

  • Low level of regulation by the collective conscience

  • Examples

    • Widow/widower- generally the surviving spouse will be dead in 18 months (1.5 years) or less.

    • Lottery winner


Type 2: Fatalistic Suicide

  • High level of regulation by the collective conscience

  • Examples

    • Prisoner with life without parole

    • Holocaust camp prisoner on a hunger strike


Suicide Across the “Board”

  • Gender

  • Religion

  • Country


Durkheim and Religion

Totemic principle

  • Australian aboriginal tribes

  • All human religious expression was intrinsically founded in relationship to the group from which it emerges

  • Sacred-religious

  • Profane- not religious

  • Totem- any religious symbol


Questions?


  • Login