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Dictators Threaten World Peace. CH 24 Sect 1 Pg 734. Failures of the peace of WWI. Treaty of Versailles caused anger & resentment. Germans saw nothing fair in the treaty blaming them for the war. Soviets resented the carving up of Russia.

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failures of the peace of wwi
Failures of the peace of WWI
  • Treaty of Versailles caused anger & resentment.
  • Germans saw nothing fair in the treaty blaming them for the war.
  • Soviets resented the carving up of Russia.
  • People turned to authoritarian leaders to solve economic & social problems.
  • Dictators were able to seize power.
joseph stalin transforms the soviet union
Joseph Stalin Transforms the Soviet Union
  • Democracy gave way to civil war resulting in the establishment of a communist gov.
  • Joseph Stalin took control.
  • Made both agricultural & industrial growth the prime goals of the Soviet Union.
  • Abolished all privately owned farms & replaced them w/ gov. owned farms.
  • ***All economic activity was placed under state management.
  • Established a totalitarian state – gov. that maintained complete control over its citizens.
    • Individuals have no rights, & gov. oppresses all opposition.
rise of fascism in italy
Rise of Fascism in Italy
  • Benito Mussolini – established a totalitarian state in Italy.
  • Unemployment & inflation produced bitter strikes, communist led.
  • Middle & upper class demanded stronger leadership.
  • Mussolini played on the fears of economic collapse & communism.
  • Won support of many discontented Italians.
rise of fascism in italy5
Rise of Fascism in Italy
  • Mussolini established the Fascist Party.
  • Fascism – stressed nationalism & placed the interests of the state above the individual.
  • “black shirts” – Mussolini supporters
  • IL Duce – the leader
nazis take over germany
Nazis take over Germany
  • Adolf Hitler followed the path of Mussolini
  • Nazis Party – National Socialist German Worker’s Party
  • Fuhrer – the leader
  • Promised to bring Germany out of chaos
  • Mein Kampf – Hitler’s book which set forth the basic beliefs of Nazism
  • Nazism – the German brand of Fascism, based on extreme nationalism.
nazis take over germany7
Nazis take over Germany
  • Hitler dreamed of uniting all German speaking people in great German empire.
  • Wanted to enforce racial “purification”
  • Blonde haired, blue eyed, Aryans “master race”
  • National expansion – more living space
  • Great Depression helped Nazis come to power.
  • Germany’s economy was dependant on the U.S. so they were hit hard.
nazis take over germany8
Nazis take over Germany
  • Unemployed men joined Hitler’s private army. “brown shirts”
  • Nazis had become the strongest party.
  • Hitler appointed chancellor
  • Dismantled the Weimar Republic & established the Third Reich
militarists gain control in japan
Militarists gain control in Japan
  • Nationalist military leaders trying to take over the imperial gov. of Japan.
  • Need for more living space.
  • Launched a surprise attack on Chinese province of Manchuria.
  • League of Nations allowed actions despite the goal to prevent aggressive acts.
  • Condemned Japan, who simply quit the league.
aggression in europe africa
Aggression in Europe & Africa
  • Hitler pulled Germany out of the League of Nations.
  • Began a military build up
  • Sent troops into the Rhineland
  • League did nothing to stop Hitler
  • Mussolini began building his empire beginning w/ Ethiopia.
  • League of Nation’s response was an ineffective economic boycott.
civil war in spain
Civil War in Spain
  • Francisco Franco rebelled against the Spanish republic.
  • Spanish Civil War began
  • Americans sent aid but the aid was not sufficient to stop the spread of fascism.
  • Western democracies remained neutral.
  • Hitler & Mussolini backed Franco w/troops
  • Forged a close relationship b/w Germany & Italy.
  • Spain became a Fascist state.
americans cling to isolationism
Americans cling to Isolationism
  • Americans were determined to avoid war & maintain isolationism.
  • Congress passed a series of Neutrality Acts.
    • Outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war.
    • Extended the ban on arms sales & loans to nations engaged in civil war.
neutrality breaks down
Neutrality breaks down
  • Roosevelt found it impossible to remain neutral despite public opinion.
  • U.S. continued to send supplies to China b/c Japan had not declared war on China.
  • Roosevelt spoke out against isolationism.
answer these questions
Answer these questions
  • In what countries did totalitarian governments come to power?
  • What was the goal of the militarists who took control in Japan?
  • How did the League of Nations responds to aggression?
  • What type of foreign policy did the U.S. adopt after WWI?
  • What laws did Congress pass regarding foreign policy?
  • Why did many Americans have difficulty with a policy of neutrality?
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