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BEYOND HYBRIDS AND LIGHT BULBS: BEST PRACTICES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE IN ALACHUA COUNTY BUILDING A RESOURCE EFFICIENT AND RESILIENT COMMUNITY LAND USE, ENERGY POLICY AND TRANSPORTATION. June 24, 2008. Summary. Taking stock Where we are today? Where do we want to be?

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June 24 2008

BEYOND HYBRIDS AND LIGHT BULBS: BEST PRACTICES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE IN ALACHUA COUNTY BUILDING A RESOURCE EFFICIENT AND RESILIENT COMMUNITY LAND USE, ENERGY POLICY AND TRANSPORTATION

June 24, 2008


Summary
Summary CHANGE IN

  • Taking stock

    • Where we are today?

    • Where do we want to be?

  • Beyond low-hanging fruit, best policies and advice

    • Land Use

    • Energy Policy

    • Transportation


Potential capital CHANGE IN

losses

William D. Nordhaus. 2006. The Economics of Hurricanes in the United States. NBER 12813, 47pp.

Florida – Ground Zero

Miami-Dade County: Nonlinear rise of 3 to 5 ft by 2100.


Alachua county
Alachua County CHANGE IN

Charter date: 1987

Population : 240,764

Area (sq/miles): 961

County Seat: Gainesville

Joined ICLEI CCP: 1999


Alachua county climate change
Alachua County Climate Change CHANGE IN

Leadership

  • Green Infrastructure Investment Program

    • Comprehensive Plan

    • Alachua County Forever

    • Land Development Regulations

Collaboration

  • Citizen Advisory Boards

  • Intergovernmental Partnerships

  • Intragovernmental Organization


Inventory of emissions
Inventory of Emissions CHANGE IN

  • 1999 County joins ICLEI Cities for Climate Protection – four of five stars by 2007

  • Developed greenhouse gas inventory for Alachua County

  • Establish an emissions target: 20% reduction from 1990 levels by 2010.

  • Developed and obtained approval for Local Action Plan

  • Implemented policies and measures

  • Monitor and verify results (pending star)


Alachua county carbon liability
Alachua County Carbon Liability CHANGE IN

Linear projection of total tons of carbon emissions based on 2001 GHG inventory.

1990 base year est to be 2.4 M Tons CO2e


Community wide emissions by source
Community-wide Emissions by Source CHANGE IN

1998 Alachua County Community Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory by Source

Total Equivalent CO2 Emitted: 2.8 M Tons

Source: 2001 Alachua County GHG Inventory


Community wide emissions by segment
Community-wide Emissions by Segment CHANGE IN

1998 Alachua County Community Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory by Community Segment

Total Equivalent CO2 Emitted: 2.8 M Tons

Source: 2001 Alachua County GHG Inventory


County government emissions
County Government Emissions CHANGE IN

1998 Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alachua County Government Operations by Source

Total Equivalent CO2 Emitted: 17,525 Tons

Source: 2001 Alachua County GHG Inventory


Mitigation can we do it

Emissions for “business-as-usual” CHANGE IN

80% cut in emissions by 2060

Emissions target

We need at least 7 wedges (More than 7?)

Mitigation - Can we do it?

Land Management

(Green Infrastructure)

William Chameides


Land use green infrastructure
Land Use – Green Infrastructure CHANGE IN

2000 Alachua County Forever land conservation program approved


Beyond the low hanging fruit
Beyond the low hanging fruit CHANGE IN

  • 2002 Integrate ICLEI emissions target of 20% reduction from 1990 levels by 2010 into the Comprehensive Plan

  • 2006 County updates land use policies to promote infill development and green infrastructure

  • 2008 Alachua County Forever protects 12,000 acres locking up 40,000 tons CO2 per year.

  • 2008 NACo Achievement Award; Best in Category Green Infrastructure Investment Program


Alachua county green infrastructure from land development projects
Alachua County Green Infrastructure CHANGE IN from Land Development Projects

Approved 69 site plans, 2,038 acres*:

  • 877 acres of green infrastructure set-aside (43%)

  • 940 acres of pervious developed areas

  • 221 acres (11%) of impervious area

  • 67% tree canopy retained

  • 540 acres of conservation areas (89% protected)

    • 321 acres of strategic ecosystems

    • 151 acres of listed species habitat

    • 185 acres of wetlands preserved

    • < 1/20th acre of wetlands impacted

      * Results from March 2006 – April 2008


Energy policy
Energy Policy CHANGE IN

2003 New County Court House built to LEED Silver standard


Beyond the low hanging fruit1
Beyond the low hanging fruit CHANGE IN

  • 2002 Energy Conservation for County Facilities added to Comprehensive Plan

  • 2003 Energy Conservation and Resource Reduction Program to conserve and cut energy usage by 1/3

  • 2003 Landfill gas to energy project 4,179 tons CO2 Offset per year and 57,120 tons CO2e for methane

  • 2003 New County Court House built to LEED Silver standard.

  • 2005 electronic ballasts and CFLs saves $330k and approximately 98 tons of CO2; Energy performance contracting saved $118k


Transportation
Transportation CHANGE IN

Hybrids – First Toyota Prius purchased 2000


Beyond the low hanging fruit2
Beyond the low hanging fruit CHANGE IN

  • 2001 County bus passes for employees

  • As of 2007 Gainesville RTS 8.9 million passenger trips offsetting 6,150 tons CO2/year

  • As of 2007 14% of the County cars, trucks or utility vehicles are either hybrid or pure electric

  • 2008 FloridaWorksGreenRideweb-based carpool matching service

  • 2008 Bus Rapid Transit integral part of mixed use development, Newberry Village

  • 2008 MTPO Investigates Peak Oil for long range transportation model – First in the Southeast


Conclusion
Conclusion CHANGE IN

Best Policies to reduce CO2

Best Advice

  • Land Use: Value Green Infrastructure; especially wetlands

  • Energy Policy: Energy conservation for County structures, LEED Standards

  • Transportation: Multimodal transportation; walk; bike, bus and bus rapid transit ; Prepare for Peak Oil

  • Start now

  • Ask for help

  • Involve and educate your citizens

  • Have land use policies that address climate change

  • Measure your performance

  • Be ready for the benefits of coming carbon markets (and your community’s carbon liability)


Resources
Resources CHANGE IN

  • Alachua County Website

    • www.alachuacounty.us

  • Alachua County Comprehensive Plan

    • http://growth-management.alachua.fl.us/compplanning/compplanning_index.php

  • Alachua County Environmental Protection Department

    • www.environment.alachuacounty.us

  • Climate change and land use in Florida: Interdependencies and opportunities

    • http://www.alachuacounty.us/assets/uploads/images/epd/documents/ECSC/Mulkey.pdf

  • Potential for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to Meet Florida's Growing Energy Demand

    • http://www.aceee.org/pubs/e072.htm

  • Opportunities for Greenhouse Gas Reduction Through Forestry and Agriculture in Florida

    • http://snre.ufl.edu/research/greenhouse.htm


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