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BEYOND HYBRIDS AND LIGHT BULBS: BEST PRACTICES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE IN ALACHUA COUNTY BUILDING A RESOURCE EFFICIENT AND RESILIENT COMMUNITY LAND USE, ENERGY POLICY AND TRANSPORTATION. June 24, 2008. Summary. Taking stock Where we are today? Where do we want to be?

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BEYOND HYBRIDS AND LIGHT BULBS: BEST PRACTICES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE IN ALACHUA COUNTY BUILDING A RESOURCE EFFICIENT AND RESILIENT COMMUNITY LAND USE, ENERGY POLICY AND TRANSPORTATION

June 24, 2008


Summary

  • Taking stock

    • Where we are today?

    • Where do we want to be?

  • Beyond low-hanging fruit, best policies and advice

    • Land Use

    • Energy Policy

    • Transportation


Potential capital

losses

William D. Nordhaus. 2006. The Economics of Hurricanes in the United States. NBER 12813, 47pp.

Florida – Ground Zero

Miami-Dade County: Nonlinear rise of 3 to 5 ft by 2100.


Alachua County

Charter date: 1987

Population : 240,764

Area (sq/miles): 961

County Seat: Gainesville

Joined ICLEI CCP: 1999


Alachua County Climate Change

Leadership

  • Green Infrastructure Investment Program

    • Comprehensive Plan

    • Alachua County Forever

    • Land Development Regulations

Collaboration

  • Citizen Advisory Boards

  • Intergovernmental Partnerships

  • Intragovernmental Organization


Inventory of Emissions

  • 1999 County joins ICLEI Cities for Climate Protection – four of five stars by 2007

  • Developed greenhouse gas inventory for Alachua County

  • Establish an emissions target: 20% reduction from 1990 levels by 2010.

  • Developed and obtained approval for Local Action Plan

  • Implemented policies and measures

  • Monitor and verify results (pending star)


Alachua County Carbon Liability

Linear projection of total tons of carbon emissions based on 2001 GHG inventory.

1990 base year est to be 2.4 M Tons CO2e


Community-wide Emissions by Source

1998 Alachua County Community Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory by Source

Total Equivalent CO2 Emitted: 2.8 M Tons

Source: 2001 Alachua County GHG Inventory


Community-wide Emissions by Segment

1998 Alachua County Community Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory by Community Segment

Total Equivalent CO2 Emitted: 2.8 M Tons

Source: 2001 Alachua County GHG Inventory


County Government Emissions

1998 Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alachua County Government Operations by Source

Total Equivalent CO2 Emitted: 17,525 Tons

Source: 2001 Alachua County GHG Inventory


Emissions for “business-as-usual”

80% cut in emissions by 2060

Emissions target

We need at least 7 wedges (More than 7?)

Mitigation - Can we do it?

Land Management

(Green Infrastructure)

William Chameides


Land Use – Green Infrastructure

2000 Alachua County Forever land conservation program approved


Beyond the low hanging fruit

  • 2002 Integrate ICLEI emissions target of 20% reduction from 1990 levels by 2010 into the Comprehensive Plan

  • 2006 County updates land use policies to promote infill development and green infrastructure

  • 2008 Alachua County Forever protects 12,000 acres locking up 40,000 tons CO2 per year.

  • 2008 NACo Achievement Award; Best in Category Green Infrastructure Investment Program


Alachua County Green Infrastructure from Land Development Projects

Approved 69 site plans, 2,038 acres*:

  • 877 acres of green infrastructure set-aside (43%)

  • 940 acres of pervious developed areas

  • 221 acres (11%) of impervious area

  • 67% tree canopy retained

  • 540 acres of conservation areas (89% protected)

    • 321 acres of strategic ecosystems

    • 151 acres of listed species habitat

    • 185 acres of wetlands preserved

    • < 1/20th acre of wetlands impacted

      * Results from March 2006 – April 2008


Energy Policy

2003 New County Court House built to LEED Silver standard


Beyond the low hanging fruit

  • 2002 Energy Conservation for County Facilities added to Comprehensive Plan

  • 2003 Energy Conservation and Resource Reduction Program to conserve and cut energy usage by 1/3

  • 2003 Landfill gas to energy project 4,179 tons CO2 Offset per year and 57,120 tons CO2e for methane

  • 2003 New County Court House built to LEED Silver standard.

  • 2005 electronic ballasts and CFLs saves $330k and approximately 98 tons of CO2; Energy performance contracting saved $118k


Transportation

Hybrids – First Toyota Prius purchased 2000


Beyond the low hanging fruit

  • 2001 County bus passes for employees

  • As of 2007 Gainesville RTS 8.9 million passenger trips offsetting 6,150 tons CO2/year

  • As of 2007 14% of the County cars, trucks or utility vehicles are either hybrid or pure electric

  • 2008 FloridaWorksGreenRideweb-based carpool matching service

  • 2008 Bus Rapid Transit integral part of mixed use development, Newberry Village

  • 2008 MTPO Investigates Peak Oil for long range transportation model – First in the Southeast


Conclusion

Best Policies to reduce CO2

Best Advice

  • Land Use: Value Green Infrastructure; especially wetlands

  • Energy Policy: Energy conservation for County structures, LEED Standards

  • Transportation: Multimodal transportation; walk; bike, bus and bus rapid transit ; Prepare for Peak Oil

  • Start now

  • Ask for help

  • Involve and educate your citizens

  • Have land use policies that address climate change

  • Measure your performance

  • Be ready for the benefits of coming carbon markets (and your community’s carbon liability)


Resources

  • Alachua County Website

    • www.alachuacounty.us

  • Alachua County Comprehensive Plan

    • http://growth-management.alachua.fl.us/compplanning/compplanning_index.php

  • Alachua County Environmental Protection Department

    • www.environment.alachuacounty.us

  • Climate change and land use in Florida: Interdependencies and opportunities

    • http://www.alachuacounty.us/assets/uploads/images/epd/documents/ECSC/Mulkey.pdf

  • Potential for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to Meet Florida's Growing Energy Demand

    • http://www.aceee.org/pubs/e072.htm

  • Opportunities for Greenhouse Gas Reduction Through Forestry and Agriculture in Florida

    • http://snre.ufl.edu/research/greenhouse.htm


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