The biomedical therapies
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The Biomedical Therapies. Therapies aimed at the altering the body chemistry. Psychopharmacology. The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior. Drugs and Hospitalization. Emptying of Mental Hospitals. Testing New Drugs.

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The Biomedical Therapies

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The biomedical therapies

The Biomedical Therapies

Therapies aimed at the altering the body chemistry.


Psychopharmacology

Psychopharmacology

  • The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.


Drugs and hospitalization

Drugs and Hospitalization


Emptying of mental hospitals

Emptying of Mental Hospitals


Testing new drugs

Testing New Drugs

  • When a new drug is released there is always too much enthusiasm.

  • Must use a double-blind procedure to combat placebo and experimental effects.

These experiments better able use to classify different types of drugs:


Antipsychotic drugs

Antipsychotic Drugs

  • Antipsychotic drugs are a class of medicines used to treat psychosis and other mental and emotional conditions.

These drugs are beginning to help schizophrenics with both positive and negative symptoms.

These drugs (Thorazine) often have powerful side effects


Antianxiety drugs

Antianxiety Drugs

  • Includes drugs like Valium and Librium.

  • Like alcohol, they depress nervous system activity.

  • Most widely abused drugs.

Do they really solve the problem?


Antidepressant drugs

Antidepressant Drugs

  • Lift you up out of depression.

Most increase the neurotransmitter Norepinephrine.


Prozac paxil zoloft

Prozac, Paxil Zoloft

  • Work by blocking serotonin reuptake.


Electroconvulsive therapy

Electroconvulsive Therapy

  • Biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient.


Psychosurgery

Psychosurgery

  • Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior.

Egas Moniz developed the lobotomy in the 1930s.

Ice pick like instrument through the eye sockets cutting the links between the frontal lobes and the emotional control centers.


Lobotomy

Lobotomy


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