Library essentials creating the library appropriate to the needs of students in the 21st century
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Library Essentials: creating the library appropriate to the needs of students in the 21st century Mary Manning School Library Association of Victoria Sandy Phillips Victorian Education Channel Manager Department of Education & Training, Victoria

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Library essentials creating the library appropriate to the needs of students in the 21st century l.jpg

Library Essentials: creating the library appropriate to the needs of students in the 21st century

Mary Manning

School Library Association of Victoria

Sandy Phillips

Victorian Education Channel Manager

Department of Education & Training, Victoria

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The Victorian Essential Learning StandardsA new approach to organising curriculum

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This curriculum approach addresses

  • The economic and social changes associated with the development of our global, knowledge-based world and their implications for schools, and

  • The growing evidence base about how people learn and its implications for teaching that works

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A move away from increased content towards:-

  • A student-centred approach

  • Developing the learner who can apply their knowledge beyond the classroom to new and different situations

  • Autonomous learners

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The Players

  • Teachers

  • 1940s, 1950s, 1960s

  • Print generation

  • Socialise in restaurants

  • News, current affairs, reading, holidays, Parkinson/ Oprah

  • Aliens in an online world

  • “Technology as a second language”


  • 1980s, 1990s, 2000s

  • Net Generation

  • Socialise online

  • Chat, SMS, games, simulations

  • At ease in immersive worlds

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Speaker’s Note

To succeed beyond the compulsory years of schooling, all students need to develop these three capacities.

The three organising principles of the VELS are derived from these three explicitly stated purposes. Together they help to answer the broad question about the kind of young people we want our schools to nurture.

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Three components

  • The processes of physical, personal and social development and growth

  • The branches of learning reflected in the traditional disciplines; and

  • The interdisciplinary capacities needed for effective functioning within and beyond school

    (we like it already!!)

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Three strands

  • Physical, Personal and Social Learning

  • Discipline-based Learning

  • Interdisciplinary Learning

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Balance and equality

  • Knowledge, skills and behaviours in each of the three strands

  • Together the three strands provide the basis for students to develop deep understanding

  • An ability to take their learning and apply it to new and different circumstances

  • The disciplines are related to the other strands in a new and integrated manner

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Novice learners to expert learners!The development involves:

  • Noticing features and meaningful patterns of information

  • Acquiring content knowledge that is organised in ways to reflect a deep understanding

  • Applying knowledge in ways appropriate to context rather than exercising one’s memory

  • Approaching new situations in flexible ways

  • Autonomous learners

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What is different?

What is the same?

Interdisciplinary Learning /ICT

Discipline-based Learning

Physical, Personal and Social Learning

Discipline-based Learning

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What does this mean?

Greater recognition of the personal and social skills

Greater recognition of the cross curriculum skills

Statewide standards in these.

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Implications for school libraries

  • Skills that have never been explicitly stated before are now acknowledged and standards stated

  • Interdisciplinary skills and behaviours are of equal value to discipline skills and knowledge

  • A whole school approach is necessary for planning

  • Integration and collaboration required

  • Focus on what is essential for expert or autonomous learning

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Things to consider

  • Collaborative approaches (planning teams)

  • Novice to expert learner (independent research skills)

  • Transferability of learning

  • Student-centred approach (learning styles)

  • Thinking skills (strategies)

  • Assessment (formative)

  • Rich ICT learning environment


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Learning as Teachers

Five stages of Integration:

Foundation Integrated Innovative Transformative Leadership !

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  • focuses on providing students with the tools to transform their learning and to enrich their learning environment.

  • develop new thinking and learning skills that produce creative and innovative insights

  • communicate locally and globally to solve problems and to share knowledge

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The study of thinking enables students to acquire strategies for thinking related to enquiry, processing information, reasoning, problem solving, evaluation and reflection.

Thinking validates existing knowledge and enables individuals to create new knowledge and to build ideas and make connections between them.

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  • Personal Learning

  • Learners are most successful when they are mindful of themselves as learners and thinkers within a learning community. This domain provides students with the knowledge, skills and behaviours to be successful learners both at school and throughout their lives.

  • Self-motivation

  • Engagement

  • Responsibility for one’s own learning

  • A “connected” global citizen

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The Online World

  • Supporting Global & Personal Learning

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The Online World

  • Supporting Thinking & Creativity



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The Online World

Supporting different Learning Styles


Life in the trenches

Virtual Tour

Life in the trenches

Timeline: Persecution and Genocide

Under the Nazis 1933 - 1945

iMovie creations

“We didn’t start the fire”

Educator designed activity

Springfield USA

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Scaffolding for Thinking

  • Hotlist/ Web Hunts

  • List of sites

  • Theme/ Topic Based

  • Fact Finding

  • Reporting back

  • WebQuest – Real Ones!!!

  • Problem-solving

  • Critical thinking

  • Team building and team work

  • Persistence

  • Creative and lateral thinking

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We Didn’t start the fire

WebQuest – Create Thinking

  • Hotlist/ Web Hunts

  • Groups / Individual

  • “Surf the net”

  • Fact Finding

  • Discussion

  • Reporting back

Open Questions

What had global impact? Why?

What criteria was used?


Transformative Thinking

What would feature in a song/ Rap from Aust/ NZ / HK

Creative Thinking

Maybe create one

The song ends in 1982 what significant events would you feature in the iMOVIE?


Personal Learning / Reflection

What events in your life have been significant?

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  • Best WebQuests


  • Bendigo Senior Secondary College


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Webquest of the Year SLAV / Education Channel

The Way Things Work

Catering for camp

China’ s Great Inventions

Competition for this Year – Collaboration

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In the words of Stephen Heppell

Let us be the Leaders to …

……the environment needed to fast track

everyone towards the kind of delightful,

engaging, seductive, stretching, changing

environment that our young learners need.

Commonwealth Education Ministers Conference

Prof Stephen HeppellNovember 28th 2000