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Revolution and Change in France. Chapter 23 Section 2. Key Terms. Louis Philippe Louis Napoleon Dreyfus Affair Anti-Semitism Theodor Herzl Zionism. A King Abdicates. After Louis XVII died Charles X inherited the throne 1830 Charles suspend the legislature People revolt

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key terms
Key Terms
  • Louis Philippe
  • Louis Napoleon
  • Dreyfus Affair
  • Anti-Semitism
  • Theodor Herzl
  • Zionism
a king abdicates
A King Abdicates
  • After Louis XVII died Charles X inherited the throne
  • 1830 Charles suspend the legislature
  • People revolt
  • Charles abdicates and flees to London
a king abdicates1
A King Abdicates
  • News of revolution gets to Metternich
  • “My life’s work is destroyed.”
  • His reactionary ideals and absolute monarchies were crumbling
  • Metternich feared revolution would spread through the continent
the reign of louis philippe
The Reign of Louis Philippe
  • Took over a constitutional monarchy
  • Was an aristocrat and popular with the middle class
  • Called the citizen because he wore regular clothes
  • Called the citizen king
the reign of louis philippe1
The Reign of Louis Philippe
  • He increased the number of voters
  • Limited freedom of the press
  • Rule became increasingly repressive
  • Silenced those who opposed him
the reign of louis philippe2
The Reign of Louis Philippe
  • Working people grew poorer
  • Middle class and aristocracy became more prosperous
  • King’s popularity deteriorated rapidly
  • Economic depression made life more difficult
the revolution of 1848
The Revolution of 1848
  • Sparked by a ban of a banquet planned by reformers
  • Louis Philippe quickly abdicated
  • Citizens formed a new government
  • Voters elected Napoleon’s nephew
revolution of 1848
Revolution of 1848
  • Louis Napoleon becomes president
  • Second Republic
  • All adult French men had the right to vote
  • Created a Republican government
  • Fueled women’s rights
  • Inspired revolutions across Europe
napoleon iii and the second empire
Napoleon III and the second Empire
  • Constitution allowed the president to serve for four years
  • Napoleon wanted to stay in office
  • He arrested members of the National Assembly
  • Then called for a vote to draft a new constitution
napoleon iii and the second empire1
Napoleon III and the Second Empire
  • Voters approved the measure
  • Later the French people elected him emperor
  • Napoleon III
    • Increased voting rights
    • Kept absolute power
    • Ruled during economic prosperity
    • Built miles or railroads
the third republic
The Third Republic
  • 1870 Napoleon drew Prussia into war
  • Napoleon III was captured and surrendered to the Prussians
  • French Assembly deposed him
  • Prussians invaded France and laid siege to Paris
the third republic1
The Third Republic
  • Third Republic made some important reforms
    • 1882 made primary education available for children 6-13
    • 1884 trade unions legalized
    • 1900 working hours reduced
    • 1906 new act required employers to give employees off one day a week
the dreyfus affair
The Dreyfus Affair
  • Controversial court case
  • 1894 Alfred Dreyfus French captain falsely accused of betraying secrets to Germany
  • Knew he was not guilty
  • Held a military ceremony to humiliate him
the dreyfus affair1
The Dreyfus Affair
  • Crowd chanted “kill him”
  • Evidence suggests another officer was guilty
  • Second officer was not Jewish
  • Dreyfus cleared in 1906
dreyfus affair
Dreyfus Affair
  • Divided people in France
  • Emile Zola-French writer came to his defense
  • “J’accuse” letter accused the French government of anti-Semitism
  • Led French courts to reopen the case
  • Letter set off anti-Semitic riots in 50 towns
dreyfus affair1
Dreyfus Affair
  • Important affect on Jewish nationalism
  • Theodor Herzl-Hungarian born-Jewish journalist who covered the story
  • Shocked by the anti-Semitism in France
  • Root of the problem is that Jews did not have a country in Europe
dreyfus affair2
Dreyfus Affair
  • 1896 published The Jewish State
  • Outlined plan for an independent Jewish country
  • Zionism-Jewish nationalist movement to create a Jewish state in their original homeland
  • 1900’s number of Jewish people returned to their original homeland