the age of exploration
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Exploration and expansion

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Exploration and expansion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 306 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Age of Exploration. Exploration and expansion. Motives and Means A. European Exploration 1. Portugal 2. Spain 3. Dutch 4. England 5. France . Exploration and expansion. Motives Marco Polo visits Kublai Khan, writes The Travels, describing exotic East experience.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Exploration and expansion' - levia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
exploration and expansion

Motives and Means

    • A. European Exploration
      • 1. Portugal
      • 2. Spain
      • 3. Dutch
      • 4. England
      • 5. France
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion1

Motives

    • Marco Polo visits Kublai Khan, writes The Travels, describing exotic East experience.
    • Conquests of Ottoman Turks leads to travels by sea
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion2

Five Motives for Exploration

    • Expand Trade
    • Search for spices and gold
    • Religious zeal-introduce Catholic Faith
    • Convert natives to Christianity
    • The 3 G’s—God, Glory, Gold (religion, fame, fortune)
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion3

The Trading Portuguese Trading Empire

    • 1. Leader in trading
    • 2. Explored western coast of Africa-The gold Coast
    • 3. Bartholomeu Dias-sailed Cape of Good Hope
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion4

4. Vasco de Gama-sailed around Cape of Good Hope and cut across Indian Ocean to Asia. Sold spices and made profit of several thousand percent.

  • 5. Portuguese destroy Muslim shipping and control spice trade.
  • 6. Admiral Afonso-set up trading

port at Goa.

7. Melaka-thriving port for spice

trade.

Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion5

Voyages to The Americas

    • 1. Spanish sail west across the Atlantic to reach spice trade.
    • 2. Portuguese sail east through Indian Ocean to reach spice trade
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion6

Voyages of Columbus

    • Italian explorer sponsored by Spanish Queen Isabella.
    • Reached Caribbean and Honduras-called it the Indies
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion7

A Line of Demarcation

    • Treaty of Tordesillas 1494- gave Portugal control of the trade routes around Africa, Spain had rights to the Americas
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion9

Race to the Americas

    • John Cabot-explored New England coast line of the Americas
    • Amerigo Vespucci-accompanied Pedro Cabral on voyages to South America
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion10

The Spanish Empire

  • Spanish Explorers were called Conquistadors
    • Hernan Cortes-took Aztec empire in 3 years
    • Francisco Pizarro-controlled Incan empire
    • Spanish take control of Latin America in 30 years
    • Portuguese take Brazil due to line of demarcation
    • 1535 colonial governments set up in Americas
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion11

The Spanish Empire

    • Native Americans declared subjects by Queen Isabella
    • Granted the Spanish encomienda, the right to use Native Americans as laborers.
    • Spanish did not protect Native Americans as directed by Queen
    • Native Americans put to work on plantations and mines
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expanison

The Spanish Empire

  • Native Americans begin to die due to forced labor, starvation and disease.
  • Europeans diseases: smallpox, measles, and typhus.
  • Hispaniola had population of 250,000 when Columbus arrived
  • 1538 only 500 Native Americans alive
  • Mexico : Population went from 25 million(1519) to 1 million (1630)
Exploration and expanison
exploration and expansion12

The Spanish Empire

    • Catholics contribute to conquest by converting and baptizing natives
    • Churches, schools, hospitals built. Represent European society
    • Native American traditions replaced with European systems of Religion, language, culture, and government
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion13

Economic Impact and Competition

    • Aztecs viewed conquerers as greedy pigs who longed for gold.
    • Colonists began to establish plantations and ranches to raise sugar, cotton, vanilla, livestock and other new products
    • Potatoes, cocoa, corn and tobacco native to the Americas were shipped to Europe
    • Exchange between old and new worlds became known as the Columbian Exchange
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion14

Economic Impact and Competition

    • New Rivals Enter the Scene
      • Spanish establish colonies in the Philippine Islands
      • English settle in India
      • Dutch settle in India, establish the East India Company to compete with English and Portuguese.
      • Dutch settle in America and establish the West India Company to compete with Spanish and Portuguese
      • English eventually crush Dutch empire in the Americas and take over, renaming areas such as New York.
Exploration and expansion
exploration and expansion15

Economic Impact and Competition

    • New Rivals Enter the Scene
      • 1600’s French colonize parts of Canada and Louisiana
      • English settle and founded Virginia and Massachusetts Bay Colonies
      • 1700, English have colonial empire along eastern seaboard of North America
Exploration and Expansion
exploration and expansion16

Economic Impact and Competition

    • Trade, Colonies, and Mercantilism
      • European nations enter the Commercial Revolution
      • Mercantilism-a set of principals that dominated economic thought during 1600’s
      • Idea behind mercantilism-the prosperity of a nation depended on large supply of gold and silver. The more gold and silver a nation had, the more prosperous the nation was.
      • Balance of Trade is the difference in value between what a nation imports and what a nation exports. Favorable balance shows more exports than imports
Exploration and expansion
ad