The age of exploration
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The Age of Exploration. Exploration and expansion. Motives and Means A. European Exploration 1. Portugal 2. Spain 3. Dutch 4. England 5. France . Exploration and expansion. Motives Marco Polo visits Kublai Khan, writes The Travels, describing exotic East experience.

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Exploration and expansion

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The age of exploration

The Age of Exploration

Exploration and expansion


Exploration and expansion

  • Motives and Means

    • A. European Exploration

      • 1. Portugal

      • 2. Spain

      • 3. Dutch

      • 4. England

      • 5. France

Exploration and expansion


Exploration and expansion1

  • Motives

    • Marco Polo visits Kublai Khan, writes The Travels, describing exotic East experience.

    • Conquests of Ottoman Turks leads to travels by sea

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  • Five Motives for Exploration

    • Expand Trade

    • Search for spices and gold

    • Religious zeal-introduce Catholic Faith

    • Convert natives to Christianity

    • The 3 G’s—God, Glory, Gold (religion, fame, fortune)

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  • The Trading Portuguese Trading Empire

    • 1. Leader in trading

    • 2. Explored western coast of Africa-The gold Coast

    • 3. Bartholomeu Dias-sailed Cape of Good Hope

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  • 4. Vasco de Gama-sailed around Cape of Good Hope and cut across Indian Ocean to Asia. Sold spices and made profit of several thousand percent.

  • 5. Portuguese destroy Muslim shipping and control spice trade.

  • 6. Admiral Afonso-set up trading

    port at Goa.

    7. Melaka-thriving port for spice

    trade.

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  • Voyages to The Americas

    • 1. Spanish sail west across the Atlantic to reach spice trade.

    • 2. Portuguese sail east through Indian Ocean to reach spice trade

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  • Voyages of Columbus

    • Italian explorer sponsored by Spanish Queen Isabella.

    • Reached Caribbean and Honduras-called it the Indies

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  • A Line of Demarcation

    • Treaty of Tordesillas 1494- gave Portugal control of the trade routes around Africa, Spain had rights to the Americas

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Treaty of Tordesillas

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  • Race to the Americas

    • John Cabot-explored New England coast line of the Americas

    • Amerigo Vespucci-accompanied Pedro Cabral on voyages to South America

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The Spanish Empire

  • Spanish Explorers were called Conquistadors

    • Hernan Cortes-took Aztec empire in 3 years

    • Francisco Pizarro-controlled Incan empire

    • Spanish take control of Latin America in 30 years

    • Portuguese take Brazil due to line of demarcation

    • 1535 colonial governments set up in Americas

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  • The Spanish Empire

    • Native Americans declared subjects by Queen Isabella

    • Granted the Spanish encomienda, the right to use Native Americans as laborers.

    • Spanish did not protect Native Americans as directed by Queen

    • Native Americans put to work on plantations and mines

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Exploration and expanison

The Spanish Empire

  • Native Americans begin to die due to forced labor, starvation and disease.

  • Europeans diseases: smallpox, measles, and typhus.

  • Hispaniola had population of 250,000 when Columbus arrived

  • 1538 only 500 Native Americans alive

  • Mexico : Population went from 25 million(1519) to 1 million (1630)

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  • The Spanish Empire

    • Catholics contribute to conquest by converting and baptizing natives

    • Churches, schools, hospitals built. Represent European society

    • Native American traditions replaced with European systems of Religion, language, culture, and government

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  • Economic Impact and Competition

    • Aztecs viewed conquerers as greedy pigs who longed for gold.

    • Colonists began to establish plantations and ranches to raise sugar, cotton, vanilla, livestock and other new products

    • Potatoes, cocoa, corn and tobacco native to the Americas were shipped to Europe

    • Exchange between old and new worlds became known as the Columbian Exchange

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  • Economic Impact and Competition

    • New Rivals Enter the Scene

      • Spanish establish colonies in the Philippine Islands

      • English settle in India

      • Dutch settle in India, establish the East India Company to compete with English and Portuguese.

      • Dutch settle in America and establish the West India Company to compete with Spanish and Portuguese

      • English eventually crush Dutch empire in the Americas and take over, renaming areas such as New York.

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  • Economic Impact and Competition

    • New Rivals Enter the Scene

      • 1600’s French colonize parts of Canada and Louisiana

      • English settle and founded Virginia and Massachusetts Bay Colonies

      • 1700, English have colonial empire along eastern seaboard of North America

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  • Economic Impact and Competition

    • Trade, Colonies, and Mercantilism

      • European nations enter the Commercial Revolution

      • Mercantilism-a set of principals that dominated economic thought during 1600’s

      • Idea behind mercantilism-the prosperity of a nation depended on large supply of gold and silver. The more gold and silver a nation had, the more prosperous the nation was.

      • Balance of Trade is the difference in value between what a nation imports and what a nation exports. Favorable balance shows more exports than imports

Exploration and expansion


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