Chapter thirteen
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CHAPTER THIRTEEN. FIXED-INCOME ANALYSIS. SAVINGS DEPOSITS. COMMERCIAL BANKS their financial products include various fixed-income securities, such as demand deposits time deposits certificates of deposit. SAVINGS DEPOSITS. COMMERCIAL BANKS

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CHAPTER THIRTEEN

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Chapter thirteen

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

FIXED-INCOME ANALYSIS


Savings deposits

SAVINGS DEPOSITS

  • COMMERCIAL BANKS

    • their financial products include various fixed-income securities, such as

      • demand deposits

      • time deposits

      • certificates of deposit


Savings deposits1

SAVINGS DEPOSITS

  • COMMERCIAL BANKS

    • their financial products include various fixed-income securities, and are

      • usually insured by a federal agency, such as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, know as the FDIC


Savings deposits2

SAVINGS DEPOSITS

  • OTHER SAVINGS INSTITUTIONS:

    • Savings and Loan Companies

    • Mutual Savings Banks

    • Credit Unions


The money market

THE MONEY MARKET

  • DEFINITION: a market for buyers and sellers of short-term (less than one year in maturity) financial products


The money market1

THE MONEY MARKET

  • MONEY MARKET INSTRUMENTS

    • commercial paper

    • certificates of deposit

    • bankers acceptances

    • eurodollars

    • repurchase agreements (repos)


U s government securities

U.S. GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

  • TYPES OF GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

    • U.S. Treasury Bills

      • issued on a discount basis

      • maturities up to 52 weeks

      • sold by auction (bid process)


U s government securities1

U.S. GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

  • TYPES OF GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

    • U.S. Treasury Notes

      • longer term than T-bills

      • from one to ten years

      • semiannual coupon payments

      • current owners are registered

      • issued in denominations of $1000 or more

      • active secondary market


U s government securities2

U.S. GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

  • TYPES OF GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

    • U.S. Treasury Bonds

      • maturities greater than ten years

      • denominations in $1,000 or more

      • some have call provisions


U s government securities3

U.S. GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

  • TYPES OF GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

    • U.S. Savings Bonds

      • nonmarketble and offered only to individuals

      • Series EE are pure discount bonds

      • Series HH mature in 20 years with semiannual coupon payments


U s government securities4

U.S. GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

  • TYPES OF GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

    • Zero Coupon Treasury Security Receipts or Coupon stripping

      • Treasury bonds are purchased and placed in trust with a custodian

      • sets of receipts issued for each coupon date

      • another set of receipts issued for certain maturity dats


Federal agency securities

FEDERAL AGENCY SECURITIES

  • BONDS OF FEDERAL AGENCIES

    • Department of Defense

    • Export-Import Bank

    • Federal Housing Authority

    • Postal Service

    • Tennessee Valley Authority


Federal agency securities1

FEDERAL AGENCY SECURITIES

  • BONDS OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED AGENCIES

    • Federal Home Loan Bank

    • Federal National Mortgage Association

    • Student Loan Mortgage Corporation

    • Farm Credit Bank

    • Resolution Funding Corporation


State and local government securities

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

  • ISSUING AGENCIES

    • States

    • Special Districts

    • Municipalities, Counties and Townships


State and local government securities1

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

  • TYPES OF MUNICIPAL BONDS

    • General Obligation

    • Revenue

    • Industrial Development


Corporate bonds

CORPORATE BONDS

  • TAX TREATMENT

    • How is the income from a bond treated in the tax return of the corporation?

      • discount basis

        • discount taxed as ordinary income by federal government

      • coupon basis

        • coupon taxed annually

        • interest payments by corporation considered expenses to reduce taxable income


Corporate bonds1

CORPORATE BONDS

  • THE INDENTURE

    • DEFININTION: a legal document formally describing the terms of the legal relationship between a bond issuer and bondholders.


Corporate bonds2

CORPORATE BONDS

  • THE INDENTURE

    • The Trustee

      • acts to protect the intersts of bondholders

      • facilitates communications between them and the issuer

      • the indenture promises the trustee that it will comply with a number of stated provisions


Corporate bonds3

CORPORATE BONDS

  • THE INDENTURE

    • includes other terms such as the sale of assets, issuance of other bonds, dividends payment changes, and other issues that may change the profitability and solvency of the issuer


Corporate bonds4

CORPORATE BONDS

  • TYPES OF BONDS

    • mortgage

    • collateral trust

    • equipment obligations

    • debentures

    • income

    • guaranteed


Corporate bonds5

CORPORATE BONDS

  • CALL PROVISIONS

    • the option to pay off the bond at par at any time prior to maturity


Corporate bonds6

CORPORATE BONDS

  • THE INDENTURE

    • Two Kinds of Call Provisions:

      • no calls in first five years or

      • call premium is specified in the provision at time of issue


Corporate bonds7

CORPORATE BONDS

  • SINKING FUNDS

    • requires issuer to make annual payments to a fund

    • the fund pays part of the principal each year

    • trustee may also repurchase bonds in the open market


Foreign bonds

FOREIGN BONDS

  • WHAT CONSTITUTES A FOREIGN BOND?

    • DEFINITION: foreign bonds are bond offered in another currency outside the issuers country of origin

    • Example:

      • a yankee bond is a foreign bond issued in the U.S. by a Canadian firm denominated in U.S. dollars


Preferred stock

PREFERRED STOCK

  • DEFINITION: a hybrid form of security that has characteristics of both common stocks and bonds

    • similar to a perpetual bond

    • receive preferential treatment before common stock in order of dividend payment

    • unpaid dividends usually accumulate

    • some are convertible to common stock


Chapter thirteen

END OF CHAPTER 13


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