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Advanced English. Book One Lesson Three Blackmail By Arthur Hailey. Arthur Hailey. The author of a number of bestselling novels, Born in Luton, England, in 1920

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Advanced English

Book One

Lesson Three Blackmail

By Arthur Hailey

Arthur Hailey

  • The author of a number of bestselling novels, Born in Luton, England, in 1920

  • He was educated in English schools until 14. After a brief career as an office boy, he became a pilot and flight lieutenant.

  • In 1947 Hailey emigrated to Canada, where he was successively a real estate salesman, business paper editor and a sales and advertising executive.

  • In 1956 Arthur Hailey scored his first writing success with a TV drama, Flight into Danger, which became a motion picture and a novel, Runway Zero-Eight(1958).

  • The sensational Hailey bestsellers include The Final Diagnosis (1959), In High Place(1962), Hotel (1966), Airport(1968), Wheels (1971), The Moneychangers(1975).

  • Though a Canadian himself, he set the scene of most of his works in the United States.

  • Each of his books deals with one particular field of society.

  • This is made clear by the titles of his books.

  • It is this peculiarity of his that is of value to those who are eager to learn about contemporary American society.

  • Proverbs, popular sayings and witty remarks about money and law.

  • Good advice is beyond all prices.

  • Penny wise, pound foolish.

  • All that glitters is not gold.

  • Money is a good servant but a bad master.

  • Money spent on the brain is never spent in vain.

  • Money talks.

  • The love of money is the root of all evil.

  • Money often unmakes the man who makes it.

  • Wisdom in the mind is better than money in the hand.

  • Those who believe money can do everything are frequently prepared to do everything for money.

  • He who serves God for money will serve the Devil for better wages.

  • Money can move even the gods.

  • Money makes the mare go.

  • Money is the key that opens all doors.

  • Muck and money go together.

  • Rich people are poor people with money.

  • Money is the best lawyer.

  • Money has no smell.

  • Money is a bottomless sea, in which honor, conscience and truth may be drowned.

  • Money answers all things.

  • Money begets (breeds, gets, draws) money.

  • Money is the best passport.

  • The Mills of God grind slowly but surely.

  • Heaven’s vengeance is slow but sure.

  • Justice has long arms.

  • Cleverness may overreach oneself.

  • Seven deadly sins in Christianity

  • Pride is a braggart. 骄傲

  • Lechery is a villain. 好色

  • Envy is a fellow. 嫉妒

  • Wrath is a cook. 狂怒

  • Avarice is a heartless usurer. 贪婪

  • Sloth is a lazy person. 懒惰

  • Glutton is a drunkard. 饕餮, 贪食


surface mail



junk mail



~ ivory


~ eye

~-letter day

~ list

~ man

~ magic

~ jack/flag

~ hearted

~ heart


~ Friday

~ death

  • blackmail: the obtaining of money or advancement by threatening to make known unpleasant facts about a person or a group

  • blackmail sb. into doing sth.

  • He had blackmailed her into sailing with her.

  • His former mistress tried to blackmail him.

  • We do not pay blackmail.

  • Some people use emotional blackmail.

  • The rascal tried to blackmail the clerk into helping him draw the money, but he failed.

  • house detective

  • on the house

  • 免费;由店家出钱

  • house-made wine

  • declare: to make known publicly, explicitly, formally, or officially, according to rules, customs, etc.

  • *Our government has tonight declared war against/on Germany.

  • *Jones was declared the winner of the fight.

  • *I declare the 2nd session of the preliminary meeting of CPC opens!

  • declare: to state or show with great force so that there is no doubt about the meaning

  • He declared himself (to be) an honest man/innocent.

  • #to make a full statement of property for which money may be owned to the government

  • Have you anything to declare (e.g. silk goods, tobacco, wines, electric appliances, cars, motor cars, etc.)?

  • pronunciation

  • suite

  • suede

  • decor

  • corps

  • depot

  • quay

  • vineyard

  • almond

  • #fray: to break threads in (part of a garment, esp. sleeves, collar of elbows) by hard wear

  • *Cheap fabric soon frays..

  • #to cause the threads (in a rope or the edge of material) to separate instead of remaining close.

  • *She found it difficult to make a nylon dress, because the material frayed so quickly when she cut it.

  • #to cause (a person’s temper, nerves, etc.) to become worn out; to strain (the nerves, temper, etc.) almost to breaking point

  • *Temper began to fray in the hot weather.

  • be eager for the fray

  • 唯恐天下不乱

  • #dispatch, despatch

  • to send off (to a place or for a stated purpose)

  • to dispatch letters

  • 派遣函

  • to dispatch invitations

  • to dispatch a telegram

  • to dispatch a messenger

  • to dispatch a boy to buy beer

  • dispatch

  • #to put a quick end to; to finish off promptly (a piece of work, business, food, etc.)

  • *He dispatched his lunch and hurried to the station.

  • dispatch

  • #euph. to kill (usu. officially and according to plan); to put to death

  • *He dispatched the bear with one blow on the head.

  • #message carried by a government official, or sent to a newspaper by one of its writers

  • 新闻专电,急件,快邮

  • *The Xinhua News Agency receives dispatches from all parts of the world every day.

  • #dispatch: speed and effectiveness

  • *He did the job with great dispatch.

  • 他速速干完了工作。

  • *He sent the letter by dispatch.

  • 他以快邮寄出他的信。

  • errand: a short journey to carry out a particular task, made to get sth. or to carry a message

  • to send sb. on an errand

  • to run an errand for

  • to go on an errand for

  • He was sent on an errand.

  • #fool’s errand: an effort that is seen in the end as useless, fruitless, pointless

A living dog is better than a dead lion.









Tibet Mastiff











Sha Pei











Shih Tzu

  • flip: move, toss, push or throw sth with a quick jerk; flick

  • *She flipped off her dark glasses.

  • *She flipped a few coins on to the bar.

  • *Mary flipped a speck of dust off from her trousers.

  • obese: grossly fat or overweight

  • obesity

  • corpulent

  • 肥胖(大)

  • stout

  • 矮胖的,肥硕的

  • gross

  • 肥壮,五大三粗

  • thick-set

  • 矮胖而健壮

  • heavily-built

  • 身材厚实

  • humpty-dumpty

  • 矮胖,短粗

  • incongruous: not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of sth; incompatible

  • incongruous: strange, unexpected, or unsuitable in a particular situation

  • The new theatre looks utterly incongruous in its setting.

  • 与恐怖分子谈判不符合国家政策

  • Negotiating with terrorists is incongruous with national policy.

  • falsetto: a voice that is unusually or unnaturally high; a method of voice production used by male singers, esp tenors to sing notes higher than their normal range

  • He was singing falsetto in this role.

  • Cf. yodel

  • Jaguar: an expensive sports car made in Britain

  • Rolls Royce

  • Peugeot

  • Range Rover

  • Mercedes-Benz

  • Volkswagen

  • Ferrari

  • emission—emit: produce; discharge

  • She emitted a sound like laughter.

  • emission of heat, a sigh, breath, light, smell, sound, gas, radiation, etc.

  • carbon dioxide emissions

  • shoot: to eject or impel by a sudden release of tension; to move suddenly and rapidly in a particular direction

  • After the lecture, the students shot various questions at the speaker.

  • Rents have shot up in the last few days in NY because of the terrorist attack.

  • A brilliant idea shot into his confused mind.

  • The film was shot in California by the Chinese first-class photographer and director, Zhang Yimou.

  • She shot him a distrustful look.

  • bamboo shoots

  • bean shoots

  • rice shoots

  • It pays to check.: to be profitable or worthwhile to check

  • It pays to think before you speak.

  • It’ll pay to keep a diary in English.

  • It pays to get some professional advice before you make a decision.

  • Getting some qualifications now will pay dividends (=bring a lot of advantages) in the long term.

  • spit (spat, spat): eject saliva (blood, liquid) forcibly from the mouth, as a gesture of contempt or anger.

  • Todd spat in Hugh’s face.

  • Spit/split/spite

  • utter in an aggressive or hostile way

  • She spat abuse at the jury.

  • “Go to Hell!” she spat.

  • be the spit of (look exactly like)

  • Felix is the spit of Rosa’s brother.

  • Spit blood: feel or express vehement anger

  • It was enough to make anyone spit blood!

  • adversary: one’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute

  • Which school is our adversary in this week’s football game?

  • The United States and Germany were adversaries during the two world wars.

  • Cf. antagonist

  • Your Grace(大人): to duke, duchess, archbishop

  • Your Mightiness (大人): to marquis, count, viscount, baron, baroness:

  • Your Highness (殿下): to prince, princess

  • Your honor (阁下): to judge

  • Your Majesty (陛下): to emperor, empress, king, queen

  • Your Excellency(阁下): to governor, ambassador, archbishop, premier

  • throw the book at: charge or punish sb. as severely as possible or permitted

  • 严惩;严厉处罚/斥责

  • throw a chest

  • 挺胸而立

  • throw (cast) a damp over sb.

  • 使沮丧;使…失去乐趣

  • throw cold water on sb.

  • throw a wet blanket on sb.

  • 对…泼冷水

  • throw a lie in sb.’s face

  • 当面戳穿谎言

  • throw (give) a sop to Cerberus

  • 以贿赂收买

  • throw a spanner/wrench into the work

  • 从中捣乱;完全弄糟

  • throw (shed) light on

  • 对加以说明;使人明白

  • throw dust in sb.s eyes

  • 欺骗;迷惑

  • throw a sprat to catch a mackerel

  • 吃小亏占大便宜

  • More for “book”:

  • kiss the book = to kiss the Bible before vowing

  • read sb. like a book = to see through sb.

  • take a leaf out of another's book = to follow suit

  • examine the book = to check the account book

  • cook the book = to falsify the account book

fancy diving


fancy skating

fancy fair


fancy ball


fancy dress

fancy birds


fancy fresh fruit


fancy man


fancy woman


fancy house



fancy price


fancy shoes


fancy-free: adj.


to fancy oneself:


Oh, fancy meeting you here!

Fancy his believing it!


Fancy having to wait all afternoon!


by rights

in justice

Do what I should do in justice (report what I know to police headquarters) and a group of policemen will come over here so fast that you wouldn’t be able to see them moving.

in fairness

play fair (fair play)

respect for the rules or equal treatment of all concerned

wither:(of a plant) become dry and shriveled for lack of moisture/ because ofextreme heat or cold

  • The grass has withered to an unappealing brown. (withered leaves)

  • The flowers soon withered.

  • The sun withered (up) the grass.

  • 她已色衰。

  • Her beauty has withered.

  • 她的希望渐渐幻灭。

  • Her hopes withered.

mortify sb with a scornful look or manner; to reduce to silence; to make speechless/incapable of action

  • She withered him with a scornful look.

  • 她轻蔑的一瞥使他自感羞愧。(无言以对/无言以答)

  • 警官恶狠狠地朝那阿飞看了一眼,使他畏缩。

  • The police officer withered the hooligan with a look.


  • excessive self-confidence, imprudence

  • 自负,傲慢,大胆,厚颜

  • life assurance (E)

  • fire, accident, labor, life, accident insurance

flicker: move irregularly/unsteadily with a quick, light, wavering motion; flutter; to burn or shine fitfully or with a fluctuating light

  • I like watching the leaves flickering in the wind.

  • 我喜欢观看在风中摇曳的树叶。

  • The last faint hope flickered up and died.

  • 最后一线微弱的希望闪了一下,即刻熄灭了。

  • The hope still flickered within her that her husband might be alive under the ruins of the WTC.

  • 她在内心仍存一线希望:丈夫被压在世贸大楼废墟底下还活着。

interject: make a sudden remark between others

  • Every now and then the speaker interjected some witty remarks.

  • 那演说者不时插入一些机智的评语。

  • She interjected the odd question here and there.

take one’s time: not hurry

  • You can take your time to pay the debt you owe me.

to beat time打拍子

to serve one’s time

to take time by the forelock抓紧时机

to have time (hanging) on one’s hands

to make time腾出时间(做某事)

to be ahead of one’s time

to be behind the times

time and motion study

time belt (zone)

time bomb

time capsule


time gun报时炮



time limit


time spirit


  • “That’s more like it.” is always said when a second thing said by the other person sounds more reasonable, plausible, less objectionable than the first one.

sardonic:being scornful, cynical; to mock;to convey contempt, 冷峻的轻视

  • sarcastic: intending to hurt the feelings, to inflict pain by deriding, taunting,

  • 多是伤人的

  • satirical: intending to make a person or thing appear foolish or absurd,

  • 表轻视但不一定会伤人感情

  • ironical: a humorous or sarcastic form of expressing in which the intended meaning of what is said is directly opposite to the usual sense

  • (用反语以)讽刺,幽默;出乎意料

  • Our efforts to cheer him up produced only a sardonic smile.

  • The teacher’s sarcastic comment about the girl’s essay made her cry.

  • We were all amused by the satirical comparison of life at college and in the army.

  • “What a fine day!” when said on a stormy day is an ironical remark.

  • compel,force,constrain,oblige

  • 这些动词均含“迫使”之意。compel指在法律、权力、力量或行动等的驱使下被迫而为。force指用个人意志、权力、权威或暴力等,迫使他人改变看法或做本不愿做的事。Constrain 侧重施加约束力或有约束作用的影响,也指环境对人强加的影响迫使人去做某事,尤指受良心、情感等内在力量驱使去做某事。oblige指由于生理上或道德上的需要,促使某人做某事,也指有权威的人或机构迫使某人做某事,还可指在特定情况下被迫作出的反应。

  • blackguard:n. 恶棍;说脏话的人

  • adj. 粗鄙的;满口脏话的

  • vt. 辱骂

  • vi. 捣乱;耍流氓

  • scoundrel,恶棍;无赖;流氓

  • villain,坏人,恶棍;戏剧、小说中的反派角色;顽童;罪犯

  • knave,无赖;流氓

  • rascal,流氓,无赖;淘气鬼,捣蛋鬼

  • rogue,流氓;小淘气;凶猛的离群兽

  • scamp流氓;(昵称)顽皮的家伙

He declared that he would set fire on the company to revenge his best friend Joe. But he had done nothing out of the way yet.

I didn't go to the party for I was afraid that I might say something out of the way.

out of the way: improper; unusual

go out one’s way: try one’s best

We’ll go out of our way to make our foreign guests feel at home.

You needn’t go out of your way on my account.


have it both ways:

If you keep on having it both ways in love affairs, you’ll suffer penalty from both sides.


mend one’s ways:

I’ll mend my ways under the frank criticism of my friends and relatives.


Lions roar.

Pigs/hogs grunt.

Bulls/oxen bellow/low/rout.

Cows low/moo.

Sheep/goats baa/bleat.

Horses neigh/whinny.

Asses/donkeys bray.

Cats mew/purr/meow/miaow.

Rats/mice squeak/squeal.

Frogs croak.

Cocks crow/


Hens cackle/cluck.

Chickens cheep/pip.

Ducks quack.

onomatopoeia:more instances (animals)

Geese cackle.

Doves/pigeons coo.

Crows/ravens caw/croak.

Sparrows chirp.

Bees hum/buzz/boom/drone.

Beetles drone/boom.

Flies buzz.


Crickets chirr.

Mosquitoes buzz.

Birds twitter/chirp/cheep.

Wolves howl.

Snakes hiss.

Owls tu-uha/hoot.

Dogs bark/bay/howl/growl



onomatopoeia:more instances

babble 婴儿咿呀学语声






boom (zoom)轰隆

clack (clatter)咔嗒,铿锵

clink 叮叮









plonk 落水声





whiz 飕飕声










  • advise,caution,warn,admonish,counsel

  • 这些动词均有“劝告、忠告、警告”之意。advise普通用词,泛指劝告,不涉及对方是否听从劝告。caution主要指针对有潜在危险而提出的警告,含小心从事的意味。warn含义与caution相同,但语气较重,尤指重后果。admonish一般指年长者或领导对已犯错误的或有过失的人提出的忠告或警告以避免类似错误。counsel正式用词,语气比advise强一些,侧重指对重要问题提出的劝告、建议或咨询。

Lobby: a room providing a space out of which one or more other rooms lead, typically one near the entrance of a public building

  • a group of people seeking to influence politicians or public officials on a p. issue (the Third House)

  • lobbyist说客;活动议案通过者

  • lobbyer

  • lobbyman收票员

  • lobbyism游说;疏通

  • liquor:an alcoholic drink, esp. one made by distillation蒸馏, as whiskey or rum朗姆酒(neat whiskey)

  • wine:mainly grape wine (sweet or dry wine)

  • soft drinks:non-alcoholic, like soda pop

  • chaser:a mild drink, taken with or after liquor

  • May I have a word with you?

    He had words with his brother last night and it seemed that they would never be reconciled .

    No word has come from the front.

    Please send word as soon as possible.

    The boy kept his word.

    Trust her. She is a woman of her word.

    Never ever go back on your words.

    He is a man of few (many) words.

    to eat one’s words


    She was acting on a hunch.

    I have a hunch that something is going to happen.



    hunch:a feeling or guess based on intuition rather than known facts 预感,疑心

    • acknowledge,admit,confess,recognize,concede

    • 这些动词均含“承认”之意。acknowledge通常指公开承认某事的真实情况或自己的过错。 admit强调因外力或良心驱使或经判断而明确承认,多含不情愿或被迫意味。confess语气较强,着重承认自己意识到的错误或罪行,含坦白忏悔的意味。recognize作“承认”解时,系书面用词,主要指合法的或外交上的承认,也指公认。concede指在事实与证据面前勉强或不得不承认。

    lick: pass the tongue over sth., typically in order to taste, moisten, or clean it (flame, breeze, wave)look forward to sth with eager anticipation

    • He licked the stamp and stuck it on the envelop.

    • He licked at his damaged hand with his tongue.

    • The flames licked around the wood.

    • lick one’s wounds

    • lick sb’s boot

    • lick /bite the dust

    back street:

    away from the main streets, esp. in a poor area of a town

    boulevard: a wide street in a town or city, typically one lined with trees

    avenue: a thoroughfare running at right angles to the streets in a city laid out on a grid pattern

    side street:narrow, less traveled street meeting a main street

    South Carolina









    North Carolina




    South of the Mason—Dixon line (south of Pennsylvania)

    The American South

    • Hot 的习语

    • hot air

    • 夸夸其谈,吹牛

    • Hot potato

    • 一个争论很激烈的难解决的问题,没有一个人愿意为它承担责任

    • The question of whether to raise taxes to cut the budget deficit is a real hot potato for a lot of politicians

    • hot seat

    • 可能会产生麻烦,或让人感到难堪的局面

    • to be hot

    • = very popular / fashionable

    • a hot favourite 最有可能赢的人/物= someone / something most likely to win

    • a hot tip 重要或有用的建议

    • hot off the press 最新信息= very new story

    • . to get too hot 变得非常危险= become too dangerous

    • hot stuff 吸引人的= attractive

    • in the hot seat 处于需要负责任的位置上= in a position of responsibility

    • in hot water 因为做错事而遇上麻烦= in trouble because you have done something wrong

    • have a hot temper 很容易发火= to get angry easily

    • get hot under the collar 为不重要的事生气= get angry about something not very important

    • be like a cat on a hot tin roof 焦躁不安的,提心吊胆的

    • in hot pursuit 紧追= to follow closely

    • hot on the trail 就快发现某事= close to finding something

    • more (something) than you've had hot dinners 用来强调在某件事上有广泛经验= an expression to mean that you've had a lot of something

    • blow hot and cold 反复无常,犹豫不决= keep changing your mind about something

    discreet: circumspect in word or deed/able to keep silent about matters where prudence requires it

    • He followed her at a discreet distance.

    • 他小心地保持距离跟着她。

    • It was not very discreet of you to ring me up at the office.

    • 你往我办公室打电话太不谨慎了。

    • His utterances never gave offense, being discreetly academic.

    • Cf. discrete: individually separate and distinct

    • 分立的,各别的,不关联的

    • Speech sounds are produced as a continuous sound signal rather than discrete units.

    buy off/over:to get rid of (an unjust claim, a blackmailer) by making a payment/brine/corrupt sb

    • He bought off those who might expose him.

    • 他将可能检举他的人收买了。

    • He tried to buy them off.

    • He has been bribed into silence/to say nothing.

    • to offer/to give/to hand out briberies

    • to take briberies/to ask for briberies

    • 行贿 受贿 索贿

    a slim chance---a fat chance

    • His excuse was a beaut! (Irony)

    • 他的托词可真妙!

    • A fat lot of good it did him.

    • 这对他一点好处也没有。

    roadblock: a bar, barrier or barricade or other object(s) used for closing a road to stop traffic, an enemy, etc.

    blindage: object(s) that is used to hide and protect soldiers or other thing from being seen and attacked

    mould:(of a person’s) character, nature, etc. considered as having been shaped by family type, education, training, experience, etc.

    • He’ll never give up fighting against unjust treatment, if he is made in his father’s mould (if he has the same character as his father).

    • He is cast in his father’s mould.

    respite:a welcome period of (time), delay, before suffering a punishment or fulfilling a duty

    • The office will be shut till Monday, so we have a few days’ respite before we need to pay the rent.

    • The refugee encampments will provide some respite from the suffering.

    • A big cloud brought a respite from the glare of the sun.

    • 一大块云彩暂时遮住耀眼的阳光。

    comply:to act in accordance with another’s wishes, or with a demand, rule, order, etc.

    • People who refuse to comply with the law will be punished.

    • 我们应该遵从医嘱。

    • We should comply with the doctor’s request.

    • 每个公民在出行时都应遵守交通规则。

    • Every citizen should comply with the traffic rules and regulations while outing.

    dally:to be slow /to waste timedally with: to play with/to play at a love relation with sb of the opposite sex

    • Don’t dally or we’ll be late.

    • The children dallied about in the garden and forgot about dinner.

    • Don’t dally over your food.

    • Never dally with a woman you don’t intend to marry.

    stake: sum of money risked on the unknown result of a future event

    • He lost his stake when the horse finished last.

    • They play for high stakes.

    • I stake my reputation on his honesty.

    • at stake: at risk

    • My safety is at stake.

    • to drive stakes: to put up tents, to settle down

    • to pull up stakes: to move the house, to resign

    • to go to the stake:

    • (被绑在火刑柱上)受火刑;为自己的行为或信仰而受苦难

    gamble on:play games of chance for money/take great risks for the chance of winning sth. or making a profit

    • He lost his fortune gambling on the stock exchange/ at cards /in oil shares.

    • Don’t gamble with your future.

    • I’m gambling that you’ll like the way we do things.

    • Dice City赌城,指拉斯维加斯

    • Las Vegas

    • at last,at length,eventually,finally,in the end,lastly

    • 这些词或词组均含有“最后,终于”之意。at last多指经主观努力,克服各种困难后才终于达到目的。at length强调经历一段长时间后终于完成,侧重在时间部分。eventually侧重于动作或行为的结果。finally常与at last换用,都可用于对往事的描述,但finally不带感情色彩,指一系列事情的最后结局。in the end与at last同义,但in the end不仅可指“过去”还可表示对“未来”的预计。lastly指连续顺序的最后,通常用在列举事情的场合。

    Advanced English

    (一) 操 作 方 法

    The End Thank you

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