U.S. INDUSTRIAL FACTORY WORKERS (Early 20 th Century). Image from: http://mdhsimage.mdhs.org/Library/Images/Mellon%20Images/Z24access/z24-01058.jpg.
Image from: http://mdhsimage.mdhs.org/Library/Images/Mellon%20Images/Z24access/z24-01058.jpg
MaquiladorasThis is the term referring to U.S. owned and operated assembly plants in Mexico, and are located very close to the U.S./Mexican border
These factories have existed in Mexico since the 1960s.
But, with implementing NAFTA in 1994, U.S. and multinational corporations rushed factory operations to Mexico to maximize profits through maquiladoras.
There are over 2,500 maquiladoras along the border.
The work force is comprised of female workers who are paid $4-$6 per day to assemble consumer goods which will be exported back to the U.S. and other regions and sold for much higher prices.
Labor organizers criticize the factory system for the chronic low wages and poor working conditions
In Juarez alone there are over 220,000 workers employed in 300 factories.
Since 1993, over 400 women have been murdered here.
Many were employed in the Maquiladoras. Many more have been raped, tortured, and over 70 women have “disappeared”.
Many of the maquiladora shifts run late into the evening hours, and returning home during this time frame has become extremely dangerous.
The problem of the maquiladoras continues and the families of the murdered and “disappeared” female maquiladora workers in Ciudad Juarez are still looking for justice.
To date, only a handful of the murders have been solved. Mexican officials have done little to find the killers.
As the problems of industrialization in the early 20th century in the U.S. brought cries for reform, the voices from Juarez and other maquiladora towns along the border also demand change, as well.