Translation. PROTEIN SYNTHESIS. 4 Components used in Translation. mRNA - the message to be translated into protein. Amino acids - the building blocks that are linked together to form the protein. Ribosomes - the “machines” that carry out translation.
The CODE of translation
mRNA nucleotides are translated in groups of 3 called codons.
Each codon codes for a specific amino acid. 20 different amino acids can be used in different combinations to form a protein.
mRNA codonamino acid
DNA sequence: T A C C G A G A T T C A
mRNA sequence: A U GG C UC U AA G U
amino acid sequence: Met -- Ala -- Leu -- Ser