BRICS for an Innovative South?. Michael Kahn, Tshwane University of Technology Trivandrum, 19-21 August 2009 firstname.lastname@example.org. The Challenge. Technological Great Surges. Industrial revolution (machines; factories; canals) The Age of Steam (coal, iron, rail)
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BRICS for an Innovative South?
Michael Kahn, Tshwane University of Technology
Trivandrum, 19-21 August 2009
Technological Great Surges
Technological innovation is critical to long-term economic growth. Most technological innovation consists of incremental change in existing industries. …. Sustained growth can occur only with the continuous introduction of truly new goods and services—radical technological innovations that disrupt markets and create new industries. The capacity to turn science-based inventions into commercially viable innovations is critical to radical technological innovation.’
(Branscomb and Auerswald, 2002)
Brazil: aerospace; mineral and crop commodities; energy; s/w; pharm; medical
India: aerospace; crop commodities; s/w; pharma; automotive
Russia: aerospace; nano; bio; energy
China: manufacturing & services
South Africa: mineral and crop commodities; s/w; services; medical; energy
Contribution of Knowledge to GDP Growth
Source: KDI and K4D
Potential in knowledge clusters