Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit
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Learning to Learn: Selecting the Tool from the Toolkit. Something to Think About. Over 40% of the brain is used for vision Children with a visual impairment learn differently, they cannot rely on vision to provide information. Introduction. Five year old male Started school F ebruary 2013

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Learning to Learn: Selecting the Tool from the Toolkit

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Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

Learning to Learn: Selecting the Tool from the Toolkit


Something to think about

Something to Think About

  • Over 40% of the brain is used for vision

  • Children with a visual impairment learn differently, they cannot rely on vision to provide information


Introduction

Introduction

  • Five year old male

  • Started school February 2013

  • Horizontal pendularnystagmus

  • Vision 6/60

  • N36 font N12 N16 N24 N36


Since starting school

Since Starting School

  • Knows letters

  • Can write own name

  • Can discriminate between colours

  • Can problem solve

  • Can describe actions

  • Uses an I pad


Highlights from blennz assessment

Highlights from BLENNZ Assessment

  • Diagnosed with oculocutaneous albinism

  • 6/60 crowded chart

  • Eye and physical fatigue likely

  • Bold, contrasted work

  • Clutter could affect ability to see


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Capable indoors and out

  • Looked at crossings and traffic

  • Willing to take part in ADL activities

  • Able to dress independently but strategies suggested

  • Ideas given for kitchen activities


Recommendations general

Recommendations (General)

  • Reduce the area for scanning and searching

  • Enlarge print to N36 at least

  • Monitor visual and physical fatigue

  • Ensure (new) blue or black markers are used on the whiteboard


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Point to visual information to help student locate

  • Provide personal copies of big books

  • Familiarise student with new surroundings

  • Provide bold well contrasted materials


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Visual fatigue may be an issue


Recommendations strategies and tools for learning

Recommendations (strategies and tools for learning)

  • Use of slope board will assist with posture

  • I pad appropriate

  • Student to select position in class to reduce glare

  • Turn taking activities to promote social skills


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Use motivating activities for engagement

  • Visual timer to prepare for end of activity

  • Magnifiers to reduce visual fatigue

  • Activities that require use of other senses


Classroom adaptations

Classroom Adaptations

  • Avoid glare from lights/windows

  • Sit in the front of the class

  • Ensure classroom is clutter free

  • Adapt materials according to each activity

  • Include the student


What is needed

What is Needed?

  • A plan (IEP) goals short term/long term (less is more)

  • Tools and strategies

  • Training/instruction incorporated into programme


How was the decision reached

How was the Decision Reached?

  • SETT Framework

  • Student

  • Environment

  • Task

  • Tools


What do we want to achieve

What do we Want to Achieve?

  • The student to say what he wants/needs

  • The student to select an appropriate tool for activity, time of day, visual needs (and know how to use it to achieve success)


What has happened since the assessment

What has Happened Since the Assessment?

IEP Goals

  • Build on unknown letters

  • Build up sight words for emergent level

  • Count to 10 consistently

  • Form numbers


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Application for I pad (has been approved)

  • Possible referral to SLT


How does vision impact on iep goals

How Does Vision Impact on IEP Goals?

  • Learn to use appropriate tool to be able to see words/letters

  • Distance at which is comfortable for student to see board

  • Position at desk for working

  • Lighting on smart board could be an issue


Overall

Overall

  • Better attitude to school

  • Some behavioural issues in playground

  • 1-1 reading tuition

  • Some physical work needed to improve upper body strength


What do we hope for in the future

What do we Hope for in the Future?

  • The student will be able to advocate for himself

  • The student will be engaged and motivated by learning

  • The student will not be disadvantaged by his vision impairment

  • The student will have the knowledge of what is available to select from


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • The student will need to be re assessed in the future as his learning needs and possibly his vision change

  • It is a team approach to ensure we achieve what we set out to do


Children with a vision impairment and complex needs

Children with a Vision Impairment and Complex Needs

CVI Introduction

  • A vision impairment as a result of a brain injury

  • Damage to the visual centres of the brain

  • The eyes can see but the information is not interpreted by the brain

  • Visual functioning fluctuates


How can you tell

How Can You Tell?

  • Preference for a colour (red/yellow)

  • Visual latency (delayed response)

  • Visual complexity difficult

  • Visual field deficits


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Difficulty reaching and looking

  • Difficulty with distance viewing

  • Light gazing/non purposeful gazing

  • Need movement to see objects


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Blink reflex impaired

  • Vision (like looking through Swiss cheese)

  • Prefers familiar objects

  • May co-exist with another eye condition

  • Often associated with cerebral palsy


Assessment

Assessment

  • Discussion with family and people closest to the student

  • Review medical information

  • Collate data from all sources

  • Assess whether needs stem from visual or physical behaviours


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Physical disabilities may restrict visual exploration of immediate surroundings

  • Social interaction may be reduced unable to see who communication is with

  • Lack of visual cues will affect strategies used to promote learning


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

Positioning during the assessment (and subsequent instruction) is important


Assessment tools

Assessment Tools

  • Functional Sensory Assessment

  • Hiding Heidi (contrast)

  • Cardiff (acuity)

  • History of child

  • Observation

  • Reaction to light/colour/glare/movement


Examples of recommendations

Examples of Recommendations

  • Provide student with real life experiences

  • Use lots of practice to use vision

  • Use real objects

  • Present two objects begin with preferred objects


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Use an object calendar to prepare student for tasks

  • Keep tasks short and varied

  • If using photos make sure they are uncluttered and of a size which is easy to see


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Integrate use of vision into daily activities and routines

  • Use favouritecolours

  • Use wait time to ensure child looks


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Adaptations provided when tasks cannot be carried out without support natural and reduced when skills are learned

  • Instruction needs to be regular, appropriate and above all consistent. If it is written down then everyone can follow it


Points to consider

Points to Consider

  • Let student respond before prompting again

  • Expressing and receiving ideas is key to learning

  • All information to be retained requires training, practice and time to acquire


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Activities should be age appropriate

  • Use childs existing characteristics in activities, e.g. a child who enjoys light gazing may enjoy computer games with light effects


Selecting the tool

Selecting the Tool

  • Every child deserves to have a choice this will be more difficult for some than for others, especially if the child has a physical disability as well as a visual impairment


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • The child may need to be presented with choices and indicate what they want through their preferred method of communication; what this is will need to be determined


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

  • Teach the child to make choices

  • Wait!

  • Do not select objects because you like them, the child has tothey need to be motivating for the child

  • This process may take a long time with little feedback


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

Processing time may be longer, adapt according to the situation no two days will be the same


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

Choice involves opportunities to use cognitive, communication, motor and social skills. The child can learn about objects, exploring their environment and being a participant


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

When a child is able to explore objects (even in a confined environment such as a wheelchair tray) he/she will be able to use memory to discover where they are again. Think about placement of objects to make this easier.


Tactile learners

Tactile Learners

  • Can learn through mutual tactile attention place object within the childs reach and let them explore before physical guidance or prompt

  • Understanding symbols starts with real objects, partial objects, representative symbols (photographs), abstract symbols (board maker) and even Braille


Braille

Braille

  • I-M-ABLE Curriculum (Diane Wormsley) use of repeated experiences helps to encourage learning of words as these words are the ones they want to know about

  • Physical ability will play a part in being a successful Braille user


It is important

It is Important

To remember

  • That students with complex needs are able to learn to make eye contact, show what they want, say no, pick up on the feelings of others, respond in their own way


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

Children with disabilities who are engaged in classroom activities can learn from their peers, they can learn to make choices, they can increase their ability to learn and they may feel helpless


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

If a child does not know an object (or person) is there because they cannot see it, then how can they interact with it to make a choice?


Learning to learn selecting the tool from the toolkit

Sometimes physical and health needs may take over from learning needs know your student to decide what is most important


Want to know more

Want to Know More?

  • Jan Van Dijk

  • Kay Ferrell

  • Christine Roman-Lantzy

  • Lilli Nielsen

  • Jane Erin

  • Gordon Dutton


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