Breast cancer
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Breast Cancer: How to deal with it PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Breast Cancer: How to deal with it

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Breast Cancer: How to deal with it

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Breast cancer

BREAST CANCER

HOW TO DEAL WITH IT


Introduction to breast cancer

INTRODUCTION TO BREAST CANCER

Breast cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from breast cells. Breast cancer usually starts off in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply them with milk. A malignant tumor can spread to the different parts of the body.

  • Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in female worldwide.

  • A breast cancer that started off in the lobules is known as lobular carcinoma.

  • Cancer that begins in the lectiferous duct (milk duct), known as ductal carcinoma, the most common type.


Symptoms of breast cancer

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

Women who detect any of the following signs or symptoms should tell their doctor’s

  • A Lump in the breast

  • Change in the skin color and texture

  • Pain in the breastthat does not look to be related to the women’s menstrual period

  • Redness of the skin of the breast

  • A rash around or on, one of the nipple


Continue symptoms of breast cancer

Continue:- Symptoms of Breast Cancer

  • Swelling in one of the armpits

  • An area of thickness tissue in a breast

  • One of the nipple has discharge, some times it may contain blood

  • Shape and size of the breast changed

  • The skin of breast and nipples may have started to peel, scale or peel.


How to recognize breast cancer

How to recognize Breast Cancer

Image Source :- www.google.com


Causes of breast cancer

Causes of Breast Cancer

It is tough to say why a person develops the disease while another doesn’t. We know that some risk factors can affects on a woman's likelihood of developing breast cancer. These are:

  • The older a woman gets, the higher is her risk of developing breast cancer

  • Women who have a close relative who has/had breast or ovarian cancer are more likely to develop breast cancer

  • Women who have had breast cancer, even non-invasive cancer

  • Women who have had some types of benign (non-cancerous) breast lumps are more likely to develop cancer later on.


Continue cause of breast cancer

Continue:- Cause of Breast Cancer

  • Women with more dense breast tissue have a greater chance of developing breast cancer.

  • Women who started having periods earlier or entered menopause later than usual have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.

  • Overweight/Obese women may have a higher risk of developing breast cancer

  • Taller than average have a slightly greater chances of developing breast cancer than shorter than average women.

  • Women who have cosmetic breast implants


Diagnosing of breast cancer

Diagnosing of Breast Cancer

Women are usually treated with breast cancer after a regular breast cancer screening or after detecting certain sign and symptoms.

There are some example of diagnostic test and procedures of breast cancer.

  • Breast Exam

  • X-Ray (Mammogram)

  • 2D Combined and 3D mammograms

  • Breast ultrasound

  • Biopsy


Continue diagnosing of breast cancer

Continue:- Diagnosing of Breast Cancer

  • Breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan

  • Radiology

  • Breast Cancer staging

    Recent developments on Breast Cancer Diagnosis

  • Mammography is the best for breast cancer screening

  • Breast cancer relapse could be predicted with new blood test

  • PET scan


Treatments of breast cancer

Treatments of Breast Cancer

Best treatments for Breast Cancer

  • Radiation Therapy (radiotherapy):- Radiotherapy is used after surgery, as well as chemotherapy to kill off any cancer cells that may still be around.

  • Chemotherapy :- The oncologist may recommend chemotherapy if there is a high risk of cancer recurrence, or the cancer spreading elsewhere in the body.

  • Hormone therapy:- Hormone therapy is used for breast cancers that are sensitive to hormones. Hormone therapy usually lasts up to five years after surgery.


Continue treatment of breast cancer

Continue:- Treatment of Breast Cancer

  • Biological Treatment (Targeted Drugs) :- This biological treatments targets and destroys cancer cells that are HER2-positive. Some breast cancer cells produce large amounts of HER2 (growth factor receptor 2); Herceptin targets this protein.

  • Lymph node removal and analysis :- Cancer cells can be found in the axillary lymph nodes in some cancers. It is important to find out whether any of the lymph nodes near the breast contain cancer.


Prevent breast cancer

Prevent Breast Cancer

  • Limit Alcohol consumption

  • Do some physical exercise regularly

  • Mediterranean diet

  • Bodyweight

  • Estrogen blocking drugs

  • Avoid Post-Menopausal Hormones

  • Tamoxifen and Raloxifene for Women at High Risk

  • Avoid Birth Control Pills, Particularly After Age 35 or If You Smoke

  • Breastfeed (If Possible)


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