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Transforming Our Schools. Gender-Biased Harassment Office of Human Relations, Diversity & Equity Judy Chiasson, PhD. Judy Chiasson, Ph.D. Office of Human Relations, Diversity and Equity 213-241-5626 Judy.Chiasson@lausd.net. A Population at Risk. Diversity Question.

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Transforming Our Schools

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Transforming our schools
Transforming Our Schools

Gender-Biased Harassment

Office of Human Relations, Diversity & Equity

Judy Chiasson, PhD


Transforming our schools

Judy Chiasson, Ph.D.

Office of Human Relations, Diversity and Equity

213-241-5626

Judy.Chiasson@lausd.net

A Population at Risk


Diversity question
Diversity Question

What does Diversity mean in

Los Angeles?




California protected categories
California Protected Categories

  • Sex

  • Sexual orientation

  • Gender identity

  • Ethnic group identification

  • Race

  • Color

  • National origin

  • Religion

  • Mental or physical disability


Who feels most unwelcome at school
Who feels most unwelcome at school?

Of all populations on our campus, sexual minorities are at the highest risk for a plethora of stress-related behaviors.


Sexual minorities
Sexual Minorities

Lesbian

Gay

Bisexual

Transgender

Queer

Questioning

Intersex

Same Gender Loving

On the Down Low

No label


How many are there
How many are there?

  • 6% of students identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender

  • 16% of students have gay, lesbian, or transgender family members


How many are there1
How many are there?

  • 2.1 million people in LA County are or have LGBTQ family members (10 million x 21%)

  • 10,000 California children are being raised by gay and lesbian parents (US Census)

  • 14,000 foster children are being raised by lgbt parent(s)

  • 65,000 children have been adopted by lgbt parents


The invisible population
The Invisible Population

  • Sexual orientation is invisible.

  • What is the cost of invisibility?

  • It’s high, it’s bad….


How bad is it
How bad is it?

  • 80% of LGBT youth have experienced verbal abuse

  • 44% have been threatened with physical violence


At school
At school

  • 97% youth report hearing anti-gay comments from their peers “frequently”

  • 53% report hearing anti-gay comments made by teachers

  • The average student hears an anti-gay comment 25.5 times per day or every 8 minutes


Guidance counselors
Guidance counselors

  • Two-thirds of guidance counselors harbor negative feelings toward gay and lesbian people.

  • Less than 20% of guidance counselors have received any training on serving gay and lesbian students.


Teachers
Teachers

  • 77% of prospective teachers would not encourage a class discussion on homosexuality.

  • 85% oppose integrating gay/lesbian themes into their existing curricula.


Teachers1
Teachers

  • 80% of prospective teachers report negative attitudes toward gay and lesbian people.

  • 66% of prospective teachers can be classified as “high-grade homophobes.”

  • 52% of prospective teachers report that they would feel uncomfortable working with an openly lesbian or gay colleague.



School shooters
School shooters

  • All school shooters were males who had been mercilessly and routinely teased and bullied.

  • Their violence was retaliatory against teasing that was homophobic in nature (fag, queer, sissy).

    Michael S. Kimmel & Matthew Mahler. Adolescent masculinity, homophobia, and violence: Random school shootings, 1982-2001. The American Behavior Scientist; June 2003, 46.10


Growing up
Growing up

  • LGBT adults report having heard significantly higher frequencies of anti-gay comments while growing up as do heterosexuals.


Who is saying these things
Who is saying these things?

  • Parents

  • Relatives

  • Religious leaders

  • Political leaders

  • Peers

  • Teachers

  • Actors

  • Musicians

  • Comedians





E o green junior high 02 16 08

14-year old Brandon McInerney fatally shot 15-year old Lawrence King because of King’s homosexuality.

E.O. Green Junior High: 02/16/08


Gay youth of color
Gay Youth of Color Lawrence King because of King’s homosexuality.

Sean Ethan Owen

1981-2004


Gay youth of color1

Over 48% of GLBTQ youth of color were verbally harassed in school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

Gay Youth of Color

  • Up to 46% of GLBTQ youth of color experience physical violence related to sexual orientation.

The perpetrator is most likely to be a family member.


Our challenge
Our challenge school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

Understand, empathize and be compassionate about something that may be outside of our own experience.


Challenges to ending discrimination
Challenges to Ending Discrimination school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

Homo uality


Desexualize homosexuality
Desexualize homoSEXuality school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

  • Sexual orientation is a feeling

  • Sexual behavior is an act


We know that
We know that … school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

We have a legal and moral obligation to protect our children.


Legal considerations
Legal Considerations school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

California Safety and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (AB537)

  • Added sexual orientation and gender identity as protected classes.

  • Specified deliberate indifference.

  • Removed the corporate shield.


Do our job
Do our job school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

It is our job to make the campus safe for the students, not the students’ job to make the campus safe for us.


Transforming our schools


Lausd
LAUSD school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

  • Project 10 IMPACT Curriculum

  • Country’s first curriculum for LGBTQ youth

  • Among first in the country to adopt a textbook that addresses sexual orientation and gender identity


Replace labels with faces

LGBT is not a sandwich school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

Replace labels with faces


Be willing to learn
Be willing to learn school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.


Advocate for them
Advocate for them school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.


Protect them
Protect them school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.


Treasure them
Treasure them school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.


Accept them
Accept them school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.


Teach them
Teach them school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.


Transforming our schools

Prejudice tolerated is intolerance encouraged school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.


Transforming our schools

Judy Chiasson, Ph.D. school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

Program Coordinator

Office of Human Relations, Diversity and Equity

213-241-5626

Judy.Chiasson@lausd.net


Citations
Citations school regarding sexual orientation and race/ ethnicity.

  • Carter K. “Gay Slurs Abound,” in The Des Moines Register, March 7, 1997, p. 1.

  • Garafalo, R., Wolf, C., Kessel, S., Palfrey, J. & DuRant, R (1998). The association between health risk behaviors and sexual orientation among a school-based sample of adolescents. Pediatrics, 101, 895-902.

  • Gates, G., Badgett, M., Chambers, K., & Macomber, J. (2007) Adoption and Foster Care by Gay and Lesbian Parents in the United States, The Williams Institute, UCLA.

  • GLSEN.Just the facts on gay, lesbian and bisexual youth in schools

  • GLSEN/Detroit, Bruised Bodies, Bruised Spirits: An Assessment of the Current Climate of Safety for Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youth in Southeastern Michigan Schools, pp. 31-33.

  • Hetrick E., and Martin A. D. “Developmental Issues and Their Resolution for Gay and Lesbian Adolescents” in Journal of Homosexuality, 1987.

  • http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs99/glb_rslts.html

  • http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/lausd/offices/eec/project10.htm

  • Human Rights Watch. (2001). Hatred in the hallways: Violence and discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students in U.S. schools. New York: Human Rights Watch.

  • Journal Consulting Clinical Psychology, 1994, 62:261-69.

  • Kosciw JG, Cullen MK. The School-Related Experiences of Our Nation's Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: The GLSEN 2001 National School Climate Survey. New York: GLSEN, 2001.

  • Laumann, E.O., Gagnon, J.H., Michael, RT, Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality: Sexual practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • Los Angeles County Human Relations Hate Crimes 2005: http://lahumanrelations.org/publications/index.htm

  • PFLAG National Schools Assessment, January 2005

  • Pittman KJ et al. Making sexuality education and prevention programs relevant for African American youth. J Sch Health 1992; 62:339-44.

  • SIECEUS, 2001, Volume 29, #4 

  • Saewyc, E., Bearinger, L., Blum, R., Resnick. M. (1999). Sexual intercourse, abuse and pregnancy among adolescent women: Does sexual orientation make a difference? Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 31, No. 3, p. 127-131.

  • Stotzer, R. (2007) Comparison of hate crime rates across protected and unprotect groups. The Williams Institute, UCLA.


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