The Tang Dynasty 618–907. The Li Family. founded by the Li (李) family, who seized power during the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire.
considered one of the greatest in Chinese history. Throughout the rest of Chinese history, Emperor Taizong's reign was regarded as the exemplary model against which all other emperors were measured, and his "Reign of Zhenguan" (Simplified Chinese 贞观之治/ Traditional Chinese 貞觀之治) was considered a golden age of Chinese history and required study for future crown princes.Emperor Taizong of TangLi Shimin 李世民(r. 626– 649)
The crown prince Li Jiancheng Throughout the rest of Chinese history, Emperor Taizong's reign was regarded as the exemplary model against which all other emperors were measured, and his "李建成 and Li Shimin’s 4th younger brother Li Yuanji 李元吉 committed adultery with their father’s favorite consorts/concubines Zhang Jieyu & Yin Defei
Because of Li Shimin's contributions, at various times, Emperor Gaozu (Li Yuan) considered replacing Li Jiancheng with him, but eventually did not, as Li Jiancheng was supported by Li Yuanji and Emperor Gaozu's favorite concubines.
At the funeral service for Princess Ping Yang, when Li Shimin barely took a little sip of wine, a flying swallow left its dropping into his cup, and smeared his clothes. Li went to change clothes. All of a sudden, he felt sharp pains in his stomach…
On July 2nd 626, Li Shimin slaughtered his two brothersThe Palace Coup at the Xuanwu Gate玄武门之变 xuánwǔmén zhībiàn
A monarch to his subjects is as water to a boat;
Water can carry a boat; it can also capsize it.
Though Li Shimin had a bloody start, he turned out to be a great emperor
Crown prince is not qualified;
Li Shimin earned respect from his subjects;Li Shimin’s Quotation“On Government”
(605 or 617? - 649) was the founder of the Tibetan Empire (Tibetan: Bod; Chinese: 吐蕃, Tubo/Tufan), by tradition held to be the thirty-third ruler in his dynasty.Songtsän Gampo松赞干布
One marriage is equal to 100,000 elite troops; (Tibetan: Bod; Chinese: 吐蕃, Tubo/Tufan), by tradition held to be the thirty-third ruler in his dynasty.
Chinese civilization was introduced to Tibet;
Princess WenchengPolitical Significance
In 641, Li Shimin sent Princess Wenchen to Tibet (Tibetan: Bod; Chinese: 吐蕃, Tubo/Tufan), by tradition held to be the thirty-third ruler in his dynasty.
Potala Palace 布达拉宫 (in Tibet) was built for Princess Wencheng
http://www.howjsay.com/index.php?word=potala%20palacePrincess Wencheng文成公主 (623—680）
Or the Second Zhou Dynasty (690–705) glazed pottery
殿试【diànshì】 final imperial examination (presided over by the emperor) was pioneered by Wu ZetianWu Zetian（624－705）hold court from behind a screen/curtain
Promotion of Daoism glazed pottery
Reclaim the territories in the west
Hire the right persons except his employment of An Lushan;Xuanzong’s Accomplishments
54 BCE glazed pottery
A political marriage between Han and Hun;
Wang refused to bribe the court painter Mao Yanshou ;
Emperor Yuan of Han had the painter Mao Yanshou executed;
Geese forgot to flip their wings upon seeing such a beauty!Wang Zhaojunor Wang Qiang (the Han dynasty)
杨贵妃，杨玉环 glazed pottery
Emperor Xuanzong’s favorite concubine who influenced/distractred him a great deal;
Associated with the An Lushan Rebellion
The precious lady’s elder brother Yang Guozhong became the chancellor!“Precious Lady” Yang YuhuanEmbarrassed the flowers!
Li Po or Li Bai (701 – 762) glazed pottery
Peak of Romanticism
“Precious Lady” Yang Yuhuan once ground ink for himLi Po, a Tang Poet
Huaqing Pool is located at the foot of north Lishan Hill in Lintong, leaning against Wei River in the north and about 30 kilometers from the city of Xi'an, and enjoys quite favorable geographical location boasting green mountains and blue water.Huaqing Pool, A Hot Spring
Huaqing Hot Spring has been the site of a famous imperial bathing pool and various palace complexes over its 3,000 year history. It is a National Cultural Relic and one of China’s Hundred Famous Gardens.
Huaqing (Hua means brilliant, Chinese or flowery; qing means pure or clear)Huaqing Hot Spring
An Lushan’s father was possibly a Hun, and his mother belongs to the Tujue ethnic group/Turk;
He knows multiple languages
His constant conflict with Yang Guozhong
An Lushan declared himself as emperor in the north;
An Lushan finally got a direct access to the Precious Lady, calling her mother;
A power struggle between An Lushan and Yang Guozhong, Precious Lady’s elder brother and Li Linfu, the prime ministerAn-Shi Rebellion(755-763)
His life, like the whole country, was devastated by the An Lushan Rebellion of 755, and his last 15 years were a time of almost constant unrest.
“poet sage" (詩聖 shī shèng), a counterpart to the philosophical sage, Confucius.
Du Fu standardized the regulated Tang Poetry.Du Fu (712–770) With his Moral Engagement