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Introduction to Woodwind Family: History of the Flute. 5 th Grade General Music Miss Kresevic. Woodwind Family. Flute, Piccolo, Clarinet, Oboe, Saxophone, Bassoon The flute and piccolo are wind instruments that produce sound by blowing air over the mouthpiece

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Introduction to woodwind family history of the flute

Introduction to Woodwind Family:History of the Flute

5th Grade General Music

Miss Kresevic


Woodwind family
Woodwind Family

  • Flute, Piccolo, Clarinet, Oboe, Saxophone, Bassoon

  • The flute and piccolo are wind instruments that produce sound by blowing air over the mouthpiece

  • Other woodwinds like the clarinet, oboe, saxophone and bassoon have a reed that vibrates to produce a sound


Woodwind characteristics
Woodwind Characteristics

  • Typically the smaller the instrument the higher pitch it can produce

  • For example the piccolo can play the highest pitch in the woodwind family and the bassoon the lowest pitch

  • Woodwind instruments come in many different colors

  • For example clarinets and oboes come in black, whereas flutes and piccolos are silver, and saxophones are gold, bassoons are typically brown in color


Single reed double reed vs no reeds
Single Reed & Double Reed vs. No Reeds

  • Single reed instruments include the clarinet and saxophone, and the reed is connected to the mouthpiece to produce sound

  • Double reed instruments include the oboe and the bassoon, and do not have a mouthpiece, only a double reed connected to the body of the instrument using vibrations to create sound

  • Instruments that use no reeds to produce sound include flute and piccolo. The musician must blow air over the mouthpiece to create sound.


Piccolo
Piccolo

  • Smaller version of the flute

  • Half the size of the flute

  • Notes and fingerings are exactly the same

  • Only difference is that it produces a higher pitch


Flute
Flute

  • Was first made of wood

  • Originally had only 5 keys, eventually developed into models with more keys

  • Now normally made of metal

  • Produces a very bright sound


Clarinet
Clarinet

  • Single reed instrument

  • Plays a wide range of music

  • Is capable of playing wide range of notes

  • Perfect instrument for many different types of music from classical to jazz


Oboe

  • Looks similar to the clarinet

  • Used mostly for classical compositions

  • Only difference between clarinet and oboe is that the oboe is a double reed instrument

  • In a single reed instrument the reed is connected to the mouthpiece to produce sound

  • In a double reed instrument there is no mouthpiece, only a thick reed you blow on to produce a sound


Saxophone
Saxophone

  • Single reed instrument

  • Depending on the musician can sound mellow or strong

  • Has a curved shape compared to other woodwinds

  • Gold in color compared to silver and black woodwinds

  • Capable of playing a large variety of music from pop to big band to jazz to classical


Bassoon
Bassoon

  • Largest of the woodwinds

  • Plays very low notes

  • “Backbone of the orchestra”

  • Black in color like Oboe and Clarinet

  • Double reed instrument


History of the flute
History of the Flute

  • Oldest known wind instrument

  • First made 9th century BC

  • Has evolved, or changed over time

  • 19th century marked great modifications for the flute


Theobald boehm 1794 1881
Theobald Boehm (1794 – 1881)

  • Bavarian court musician

  • Designed new types of flutes in 1832 and 1847

  • Development of the 1847 model were also designed by French makers and copied by Americans & Japanese

  • This formed the basis for the modern flute


Eight keyed flutes before 1832
Eight Keyed Flutes(Before 1832)

  • Wooden body, one piece and 8 keys

  • Used mechanical means to alter flute fingering positions

  • Sound like a trumpet and not a flute

  • Included mechanics that required the motion of fingers to specific tone holes

  • These instruments allowed Boehm to create a flute with a model other than previous traditional designs


Boehm s second model 1847
Boehm’s Second Model (1847)

  • Circular shape

  • Metal tube instead of wooden

  • Was the first commercial flute available

  • In Paris & London

  • Germans thought the new tone was less flute like than the older flute models

  • Partly for this reason this modernized flute was made with wood more often than metal


Benefits of the new model
Benefits of the New Model

  • Easier to play

  • More pleasing to the ear

  • Able to produce broader range of notes

  • Easier maintenance/last longer

  • Commercially available to a wide range of flute players at many different levels

  • Comprised of three pieces which allows a musician to tune to other instruments in a more efficient manner


Fun flute fact check according to today s lesson
Fun Flute Fact Check . . .(according to today’s lesson)

  • Why is a flute a woodwind? Is it really wood?

  • True or false: Flutes were first developed with 5 keys

  • True or false: Flutes produce a higher pitch than piccolos

  • List woodwind instruments that use a reed to produce a sound.

  • List woodwind instruments that don’t use a reed.

  • Who was known for creating the modern day flute?

  • Which woodwind instrument is the oldest?

  • Which is the only woodwind instrument to have a curved body?

  • True or false: The largest of the woodwind instruments is the bassoon

  • True of false: Theobald Boehm was a Bavarian court musician who designed the modern day piccolo


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