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CSI on Coral Reefs. CRIME SCENE DO NOT CROSSCRIME SCENE DO NOT. The ICRI Committee on Coral Reef Enforcement and Investigation. Dave Gulko Lead, ICRI Committee on Coral Reef Enforcement & Investigation. • Landing Scrape from Kayak • Foot Damage from Entry/Exit.

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CSI on Coral Reefs

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CSI on Coral Reefs

CRIME SCENE DO NOT CROSSCRIME SCENE DO NOT

The ICRI Committee on Coral Reef Enforcement and Investigation

Dave Gulko

Lead, ICRI Committee on Coral Reef

Enforcement & Investigation


• Landing Scrape from Kayak

• Foot Damage from Entry/Exit

For A Short-Term Human Impact Event On Coral Reefs - How Do We Determine Causality & Responsibility?


1). For a wide variety of coral reef impact incidents, the people most likely to respond have no formal training or tools for conducting legally-defensible investigations

2). There are no recognized standards for conducting such investigations

The Problem:

1). For a wide variety of coral reef impact incidents, the people most likely to respond have no formal training or tools for conducting legally-defensible investigations


Background

  • IMPAC October 2005; Geelong, Australia

  • ICRI Late October 2005; Belau

    • A Committee is formed…

  • USCRTF Early November 2005; Belau

  • Florida Forensics Workshop January 2006

    • Brainstorming and a meeting of minds…


ICRI Secretariat

US (USAID, NOAA, USFWS)

Japan

Australia (GBRMPA)

England

Indonesia

Samoa

Mexico

IUCN/CORDIO

SPC

Solomon Islands

Belau

CBD

Philippines

Committee Make-up

Plus an oddball or two like myself….


Coral Reef Resource Managers

Ex-homicide Detective & CSI Advisor

Wildlife Forensic Laboratory

ERA Specialists

Coral Reef Restoration Specialist

Coral Reef Enforcement Specialist

Coral Reef Ecotoxicologist

Working Sub-Group


Use of Investigations to Maximize

  • Negotiation• Restoration

  • Mitigation• Identification

  • Mediation of Responsible

  • Litigation Parties (RPs)

  • Prosecution


Who Are We Talking About

  • Marine Enforcement Officers

  • Environmental Assessment Specialists

  • Litigators

  • Natural Resource Managers & Biologists

  • Coral Reef Researchers


What Are We Talking About

  • Basic Investigation Training & Strategies

  • Handling of Data as Evidence

  • Providing Ecological & Resource Impact Analysis to Support Prosecution

  • Getting the Word Out

  • Judicial Education


How Do You Investigate Impacts on Coral Reefs?

• Scientific Experimentation

• Monitoring


Homicide:The ‘CSI’ Approach

  • Science driven by legal needs

  • Strong burden on documentation

  • Strong burden on “Chain-of-Custody”


Homicide:The ‘CSI’ Approach

  • Existing International Acceptance

    But how do you translate terrestrial techniques to an underwater world?


Post-ITMEMS Pilot Field Training Workshop: Coral Reef CSI

  • 63 Applicants, 21 Countries & Islands

  • Marine Enforcement, Lawyers, Res. Mgrs, Scientists, MPA Mgrs, NGOs, Forensic Scientists


Draft Toolkit

  • Cookbook Approach

  • High & Low Tech

  • Translatable


CSI Field Kit

  • Most Items Can Be Made

  • High & Low Tech

  • Porttable, Self-Contained


The Regional Workshop Approach:

• Experienced CR CSI Instructors

• Asst CR CSI Instructors from Region

• Regional Participants: Multi-country, Multi-agency, Multi-discipline


Committee Goals

  • To design a set of draft protocols and techniques for investigating short-term events on coral reefs.

  • To conduct a pilot field training workshop at the upcoming ITMEMS, October 2006.

  • To use results to produce an international toolkit and field CSI kits.

  • To conduct regional field training workshops in 2007 & 2008.


How Can One Get Involved?

• Red Sea

• East Africa

• South Asia

• Southeast Asia

• Indonesia/Philippines

• Australia

• South Pacific Islands

• Central Pacific Islands

• Central/South America

• South Caribbean Islands

• Eastern Caribbean Islands

• Florida (ICRS 2008)

Potential Regional Training Workshops (2007 - 2009): What are each region’s needs & concerns?


Basic Assumptions of CR Investigations

  • Going to Court

  • Limitations: Time, Scale, Resources

  • Ecological Complexity

  • Remoteness of Operation

  • Two Types of Investigations:

    • Cause Known, Impact Unknown (ex. Vessel Grounding)

    • Cause Unknown, Impact Known (ex. Fish Kill)


So what is CSI on Coral Reefs specifically…


The Pre-Assessment

• Fuel

• Alien Spp.

• Chemicals

• Physical Damage

• Recovery Damage

• Anchor Damage

• Rare Spp.

• Protected Spp.

• Fragile or Protected Habitats


Deep Reef

Reef Slope

Reef Crest

Reef Flat

Reef Holes

Massive Corals

The Pre-assessment: Setting A Impact Scene Perimeter, An Event Perimeter, & Defining Habitat/Subhabitats


The Impact Assessment


The Biological Assessment

• Modified REAs

• Impact & Control


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