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Earth Science Midterm Exam Review . NOTE : You do not need to study the challenge questions for the exam. Moon Features. Since the moon has no atmosphere, then A. it experiences big temperature changes from day to night. B. it experiences no erosion. C. it gets bombarded by meteorites.

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Earth science midterm exam review

Earth Science Midterm Exam Review

NOTE: You do not need to study the challenge questions for the exam.


Moon features
Moon Features

  • Since the moon has no atmosphere, then

    • A. it experiences big temperature changes from day to night.

    • B. it experiences no erosion.

    • C. it gets bombarded by meteorites.

    • D. all of the above.


Challenge moon features
Challenge! (moon features)

  • Who publically opposed the Apollo moon landing?

    • A. Carl Sagan

    • B. Richard Nixon

    • C. Walt Disney

    • D. Mohammed Ali


Phases of the moon
Phases of the moon

  • What phase of the moon do you see here?

    • A. Full moon

    • B. First quarter

    • C. Waxing crescent

    • D. Waning gibbous


Challenge phases of the moon
Challenge! (phases of the moon)

  • What movie will sync up with the Dark Side of the Moon album by Pink Floyd?

    • A. Snow White

    • B. Willy Wonka

    • C. Wizard of Oz

    • D. Wall-E


Eclipses
eclipses

  • In order to have a lunar eclipse, the following objects must be in what order?

    • A. moon-earth-sun

    • B. Earth-sun-moon

    • C. moon-sun-Earth

    • D. None of these


Challenge eclipses
Challenge! (eclipses)

  • How wide is the moon’s umbra during a solar eclipse? (average)

    • A. 1 mile

    • B. 10 miles

    • C. 100 miles

    • D. 1000 miles


Tides
tides

  • What type of tide do you see here?

    • A. Spring tide

    • B. Neap tide

    • C. Rip tide

    • D. Roll tide


Challenge tides
Challenge! (tides)

  • Where could you experience a tidal bore?

    • A. The Atlantic Ocean

    • B. The Sienne River

    • C. The Great Lakes

    • D. None of these


Ss models
SS Models

  • How did Kepler improve the Copernican model?

    • A. He put the Sun in the center.

    • B. He put the Earth in the center.

    • C. He said the orbits were elliptical.

    • D. He added comets.


Challenge ss models
Challenge! (ss models)

  • Where is the Very Large Array?

  • (27 radio telescopes used to collect pictures from satellites in space)

    • A. New York

    • B. New Guinea

    • C. New Mexico

    • D. New Zealand


Sun features
Sun features

  • Where is the convective zone?

    • A. A

    • B. B

    • C. C

    • D. D


Challenge sun features
Challenge! (sun features)

  • If we could gather all the energy the sun put out in one second, for how long could we power all our needs on Earth?

    • A. 5 years

    • B. 500 years

    • C. 500,000 years

    • D. 5 million years


Seasons
seasons

  • Which of the following causes seasons?

    • A. Earth’s tilted axis

    • B. Earth’s elliptical orbit

    • C. The moon

    • D. Solar wind


Challenge seasons
Challenge! (Seasons)

  • Where and when could a person develop insomnia due to lack of nightfall?

    • A. The equator at noon

    • B. Northern Alaska in summer

    • C. Mt. Everest in summer

    • D. Death Valley in winter


Planets
Planets

  • What planet is found between the asteroid belt and Saturn?

    • A. Mars

    • B. Earth

    • C. Neptune

    • D. Jupiter


Challenge planets
Challenge! (planets)

  • Mars Curiosity Rover recently found

    • A. The “flower” rock.

    • B. a small stream

    • C. martian fossils.

    • D. gold.


Comets
comets

  • What is the name of the rocky center of a comet?

    • A. Core

    • B. Mantle

    • C. Coma

    • D. Nucleus


Challenge comets
Challenge! (comets)

  • How close did Comet Hyakutake (1996) came within ___ of Earth.

    • A. 9.3 miles

    • B. 9.3 thousand miles

    • C. 9.3 million miles

    • D. 9.3 light minutes


Earth impacts
Earth impacts

  • Shooting stars are not stars at all… they are actually

    • A. Meteoroids.

    • B. Meteors.

    • C. Meteorites.

    • D. Comets.


Challenge earth impacts
Challenge! (Earth impacts)

  • How big was the meteorite that made this crater (Meteor Crater in AZ)?

    • A. School bus

    • B. High school

    • C. High school weight room

    • D. The football stadium


Ss formation
SS Formation

  • While the universe is about 14 billion years old, the solar system is about

    • A. 1 billion years old.

    • B. 5 billion years old.

    • C. 10 billion years old.

    • D. a google years old.


Challenge ss formation
Challenge! (ss formation)

  • Many planets of the solar system may have formed from a star that had been recycled ___.

    • A. Never

    • B. Once

    • C. Twice

    • D. 100 times


Distances
distances

  • The Sun is ___ away.

    • A. 93 billion miles

    • B. 1 AU

    • C. 150 km

    • D. 8 light years


Challenge distances
Challenge! (distances)

  • How far away is the Hubble Telescope?

    • 347 miles

    • 347 light seconds

    • 347 light minutes

    • 347 AU


Star life cycle
Star life cycle

  • What stage is blocked by the gray box?

    • A. Supernova

    • B. Main sequence

    • C. Nebula

    • D. White dwarf


Challenge star life cycle
Challenge! (star life cycle)

  • How many supernovas happen in the universe per year?

  • Our galaxy has about two per century.

    • A. 100

    • B. 100,000

    • C. 1,000,000

    • D. 1,000,000,000


Stars
Stars

  • Which of the following belongs in this list?

  • BLACK HOLE, PROTOSTAR, SUPERNOVA

    • A. main sequence

    • B. Galaxy

    • C. Constellation

    • D. Comet


Challenge stars
Challenge! (stars)

  • What European soccer team’s nickname is inspired by our galaxy’s nickname?

    • A. Real Madrid

    • B. Chelsea

    • C. Newcastle

    • D. Los Angeles


Galaxies
galaxies

  • What shape is the Milky Way?

    • A. Irregular

    • B. Spiral

    • C. Sombrero

    • D. Amoeba


Challenge galaxies
Challenge! (galaxies)

  • Where is the Sun?

    • A. The Orion Arm

    • B. The exact center of the SS

    • C. The middle of the Milky Way

    • D. The Andromeda Galaxy


Hr diagram
Hr diagram

  • What type of star is Rigel?

    • A. Giant

    • B. Blue supernova

    • C. Blue supergiant

    • D. White dwarf


Challenge hr diagram
Challenge! (hr diagram)

  • What nationalities were the two men that made the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram?

    • A. American and German

    • B. English and Swedish

    • C. Scottish and South African

    • D. American and Danish


Big bang
Big Bang

  • The diagram here explains how

    • A. Stars that are moving away show red shift.

    • B. Stars that are moving away show blue shift.

    • C. Stars don’t move.

    • D. Stars emit slinkies into your eye if you wear a hair piece.


Challenge big bang
Challenge! (big bang)

  • Who suggested that there was no such thing as linear time before the Big Bang?

    • A. Stephen Hawking

    • B. Albert Einstein

    • C. Carl Sagan

    • D. Edwin Hubble


Magnitude
magnitude

  • The Sun has an average ___ magnitude.

    • A. Absolute

    • B. Apparent

    • C. Relative

    • D. Convective


Challenge magnitude
Challenge! (magnitude)

  • In terms of apparent magnitude, what is three times brighter than Venus?

    • A. The Sun

    • B. A full moon

    • C. A new moon

    • D. Saturn


Atmosphere
atmosphere

  • Which of the following is NOT true about the troposphere?

    • A. It is the air we breathe.

    • B. It has our weather.

    • C. It has the ozone layer.

    • D. It is the most dense.


Challenge atmosphere
Challenge! (atmosphere)

  • The highest wind ever recorded on Earth (231 mph) occurred where?

    • A. Mount Washington, NH

    • B. Green Bay, WI

    • C. New Orleans, LA

    • D. Death Valley, CA


Humidity
humidity

  • As humidity increases…

    • A. the air gets more saturated.

    • B. the air gets heavier.

    • C. the air gets colder.

    • D. dew freezes.


Challenge humidity
Challenge! (humidity)

  • What US city gets the LEAST precipitation per year? (2.65 in)

    • A. Denver, CO

    • B. Yuma, AZ

    • C. Cheyenne, WY

    • D. Bishop, CA


Pollution
POLLUTION

  • Carbon dioxide is NOT increased when

    • A. fossil fuels are burned.

    • B. biomass is burned.

    • C. volcanoes erupt.

    • D. the air gets humid.


Challenge pollution
Challenge! (pollution)

  • What greenhouse gas is buried in Siberian ice? When the ice melts, this gas will increase global warming significantly.

    • A. Nitrous oxide

    • B. Water vapor

    • C. Methane

    • D. Propane


Weather stations
Weather stations

  • What can be determined from this station model?

    • A. Wind speed

    • B. Wind direction

    • C. Cloud cover

    • D. All of the above


Challenge weather stations
Challenge! (weather stations)

  • What year in the US was the warmest on record and the 2nd most extreme in weather conditions?

    • A. 2012

    • B. 2009

    • C. 1992

    • D. 1906


Fronts
fronts

  • Where would the coldest air be?

    • A. Gold star

    • B. Purple star

    • C. Red star

    • D. Green star


Challenge fronts
Challenge! (fronts)

  • In 1985, Virginia recorded its lowest temperature ever. It was

    • A. -60 F

    • B. -30 F

    • C. -3 F

    • D. Absolute zero


size

  • Which of the following is the largest?

    • A. Star system

    • B. Universe

    • C. Galaxy

    • D. Star


Challenge size
Challenge! (size)

  • What is my high score in bowling?

    • A. 300

    • B. 3000

    • C. 256

    • D. 255


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