A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states
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A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States. 1837Charles Goodyear vulcanizes rubber 1848process patented to manufacture hollow rubber articles. Charles Goodyear. A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States.

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A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states

A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1837Charles Goodyear vulcanizes

rubber

1848process patented to

manufacture

hollow rubber articles

Charles Goodyear


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states1

A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1860s•“Purity Movement” develops in US

•New York Society for

Suppression of Vice -

President Anthony Comstock

1873•Comstock Act passed by

Congress


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states

1883 Margaret Higgins (Sanger) born in Corning, NY

1900 Margaret marries William Sanger

1912-13Margaret Sanger involvedin textile workers strikes


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states2

A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

Sanger

1914Margaret Sanger founds National Birth Control League

-publishes The Woman Rebel, Family Limitation

-charged with violation of Comstock Act

-flees to Europe

Ellis


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states

1915

  • With financial help from Henry Havlock Ellis, Margaret Sanger continues to publish Family Limitation from abroad

    -10 million copies in circulation

  • Comstock poses as desperate husband to William Sanger

  • William mails him copy of Family Limitation

  • William arrested, refuses to give over information about Margaret


1916 1917

1916-1917

  • William goes to trial

  • NY Times publishes letters

    from Comstock

  • Comstock dies

  • Margaret returns to open the first birth control clinic in US

  • Clinic closed after 30 days

  • Margaret sues to

    re-open clinic


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states

Margaret Sanger is shown with admiring supporters as she left Brooklyn Court of Special Sessions after her arraignment, January 4, 1917.


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states3

A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1918•Physicians given right to

prescribe contraceptives

1926• Sanger is a prime organizer of

the first World Population Conference in Geneva


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states 1937

A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States -1937

  • In U.S. v. One Package of Japanese Pessaries, court found that birth control could be no longer classified as obscene.

  • AMA recognizes birth control as a part of medical service


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states4

A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1942Margaret Sanger founds Birth Control Federation of America -later changes

name to Planned

Parenthood


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states5

A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1947AMA American Journal of

Obstetrics & Gynecology

refuses to publish article on

IUDs

1948Planned Parenthood awards a

small grant to Gregory Pincus,

a research biologist to study the

possible development of a birth

control pill


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states6

A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1960s“The Pill” available

in US

  • In Griswold v. Connecticut Supreme Court invalidates state laws prohibiting physicians from providing contraception advice

    -upholds right to privacy

Dr. G. Pincus


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states

1970

Congress passes Title X Family Planning Program to ensure that the uninsured working poor women and teens who are not eligible for Medicaid have access to family planning and other reproductive health care services.


Public funding for family planning 2010

Public Funding for Family Planning (2010)


Health departments run most title x supported clinics

Health departments run most Title X-supported clinics

Clinics with Title X funding

(4,300)

Table 12, p. 46


Birth control in the news

Birth Control in the News

  • March 23, 2010 - President Obama signed legislation to overhaul the nation’s health care system and guarantee access to medical insurance for tens of millions of Americans.

  • Includes a mandate for employers to cover birth control .

  • Opposed by Catholic Universities and Hospitals who employ many non-Catholics.

  • Compromise proposed by Obama whereby insurance companies will pick up these costs.

  • Is this an infringement of religious freedom?


A brief history of the birth control movement in the united states

February 16, 2012 congressional witnesses to discuss whether recent mandate that health insurance companies cover contraception hurt religious freedoms.

A later panel

contained 2

women


The small proportion of women who do not use contraceptives

. . . account for roughly half of all unintended pregnancies

The small proportion of women who do not use contraceptives . . .

Women at risk of

unintended pregnancy

(42 million)

Women experiencing unintended pregnancies

(3 million)

Table 4, p. 44


Just say no

Just say no

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MMVzaIMYuTY


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