Airports safety management system
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Airports Safety Management System. Integrating Planning Into the Process. SMS is a quality process that provides feedback for continuous improvement. Safety Management System– SMS. A process for achieving acceptable levels of safety risk* Elements Policy Commitment Boundaries

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Airports Safety Management System

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Airports safety management system

Airports Safety Management System

Integrating Planning Into the Process


Safety management system sms

SMS is a quality process that provides feedback for continuous improvement

Safety Management System– SMS

  • A process for achieving acceptable levels of safety risk*

  • Elements

    • Policy

      • Commitment

      • Boundaries

    • Safety Risk Management

      • Analyze Risk

      • Control Risks (mitigate)

      • Accept Risks

      • System Changes

    • Assurance

      • System performance

      • Hazard identification

    • Promotion

      • Communication, outreach, culture and human resources

* FAA Order 8000.369,

Safety Management System Guidance


Safety risk management srm

Describe the System

Mission

Human

Machine

Management

Media or Environment

Identify Hazards

What can go wrong

Causes

System State

Effect

Analyze Risks

Existing controls

Severity

Likelihood

Assess Risks

Single point failure

Common cause failure

Risk acceptability– high, medium, or low

Treat Risks– Mitigation

Avoidance

Transfer

Assumption

Control

Implementation and monitoring

Safety Risk Management– SRM

Infrastructure


Airport planning

Airport Planning

  • Existing Conditions Inventory

  • Aviation Forecasts

  • Facility Requirements

  • Alternatives Development and Evaluation

  • Airport Layout Plan

  • Project Selection and Implementation

    • Project sequencing and master schedule

    • Environmental review

    • Financing

    • (Safety assessment and acceptance)

 Airport Planning SRM

A Process For Satisfying Long-term Aeronautical Demand


Airport planning srm context

Airport Planning SRM Context

Airport Process (SMS)

FAA ARP SMS (TBD)

Airport Planning SRM

FAA ATO SMS


System infrastructure and operations

System Infrastructure and Operations

  • Infrastructure and Operations

    • Infrastructure can (almost always) be operated in a safe manner

    • Therefore, system operations ultimately determine system safety.

  • SMS balances operational production and safety

    • Therefore, airport infrastructure must provide for a safe operation that meets aeronautical demands

    • Airport production can be measured in terms of system capacity, efficiency and utility

  • Infrastructure

    • Provided by the Airport, ATO Tech Ops

    • Approved and funded by ARP

  • Operations– Provided by…

    • Flight Operations: Air Traffic (ATO), Flight Standards, etc

    • Airport Operations: Airport

    • Aircraft Operations: Pilot

 Airport Planning


Planning process decisions

-Infrastructure

-Operations

Planning Process Decisions

Decision

Level

Time Line

Planning…

Construction…

New operations begin


Planning process and srm

Complete SRM

Start SRM*

Planning Process and SRM

Plan

Design

Construct

*Planning Safety Assessment)

Operate


Planning safety assessment

Planning Safety Assessment

  • Develop Alternatives

  • Preliminary Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment

  • Modification of Standards

  • Identify Potential Limitations

    • Aircraft

    • Taxiways

    • Runways

    • Procedures

    • Capacity

  • Establish Efficiency, Capacity and Utility Targets


Srm in planning

SRM in Planning


Srm in environmental

SRM in Environmental


Srm in design and construction

SRM in Design and Construction


Concurrent planning

Concurrent Planning…

  • Begin with the end in mind– operational benefits for the aviation system

  • Initial planning must include safety as well as other considerations

  • Assemble a complete complement of stakeholders, including operations safety

  • Capture and apply critical safety decisions to each subsequent phase of the airport planning and development process

SRM Benchmarks for Airport Planning


Implementation studies

What– Incorporate SRM into the airport planning and development process

Master Planning and ALP Approval

Environmental Review

Modification of Standards

Construction Safety Phasing

How– Test various SRM approaches to the planning/development process

ATO SRM

Airport SRM

ARP Contractor SRM

Passive

Case studies

Implementation Studies

  • FAA Team Effort

  • Interview Participants

  • Identify Lessons Learned and Best Practices

  • Apply to SRM Guidance


Srm approaches

SRM Approaches

  • ATO SRMSRM panel facilitated by ATO. Expand the current ATO role and require more involvement from ARP to address the entire airfield, including proposed development and the associated airspace.

  • Airport SRMAirport sponsor hires a safety consultant to perform a safety assessment. Readily funded by the Airport Improvement Program (AIP). Airport sponsor has direct control over airport safety operations during and after construction.

  • ARP Contractor SRMSRM panel facilitated by the ARP SMS support contractor. Can effectively leverage the outcomes for ARP guidance.

  • PassivePassive participation in the planning process. Observe and propose how a new SRM process could be incorporated into existing planning process steps. Minimal impact on the existing planning process.

  • Case studiesReview outcomes and interview participants of completed ATO SRM processes


Thanks for your time

Thanks for Your Time…

Now…

Lets get out there and

learn how to apply

SRM to airport planning!!!


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