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Types of World Systems. Canadian & World Politics www.CraigMarlatt.com/school. Types of World Systems. Non-Governmental Organizations International Alliances United Nations Decision Making in Different Sectors. Non-Governmental Organizations. What is the role of NGOs?

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Types of world systems

Types of World Systems

Canadian & World Politics


Types of world systems1
Types of World Systems

  • Non-Governmental Organizations

  • International Alliances

  • United Nations

  • Decision Making in Different Sectors

Non governmental organizations
Non-Governmental Organizations

  • What is the role of NGOs?

  • Suggested Strategies:

    • Provide a coordinated, situation-specific, rapid response.

    • Build technical and operational capacity for the long-term.

    • Ensure educational services to all.

International alliances
International Alliances

  • Key Alliances

    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - nato.int

    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) - aseansec.org

    • African Union (AU) - africa-union.org

    • Organization of American States (OAS) - oas.org

    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) - apecsec.org.sg

United nations structure
United Nations Structure

  • Six main “organs” of the UN

    • General Assembly

    • Security Council

    • Secretariat

    • International Court of Justice

    • Economic & Social Council

    • Trusteeship Council

  • Many other agencies & organizations within the UN system

Secretariat secretary general
Secretariat (& Secretary-General)

  • Secretariat is the “business”

  • Secretary-General acts as a diplomat, advocate, civil servant, and CEO

  • Spokesman for the interests of the world’s peoples, in particular the poor and vulnerable

  • H.E. Ban Ki-moon of Korea (2007-)

Un european hq geneva
UN European HQ – Geneva

  • Former HQ of the League of Nations

Un office at vienna
UN Office at Vienna

  • UNHCR, Space, Drugs

Un office at nairobi
UN Office at Nairobi


Purpose of the un
Purpose of the UN

  • Maintain international peace & security

  • Achieve international cooperation in solving economic, social, cultural, & humanitarian problems

  • Promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms

  • Be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining common goals

Un priorities conflict resolution
UN Priorities:Conflict Resolution

  • Peaceful Settlement of Differences

  • International Court of Justice

  • Economic Sanctions

  • Peacekeeping Force

  • Regular Military Force

    • Must be made available by all member states on an individual basis

Un priorities human rights
UN Priorities:Human Rights

  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights

  • High Commission for Human Rights

    • Will be replaced by the Human Rights Council on June 16th, 2006

  • Refugees

  • High Commission for Refugees

Un priorities sustainable development
UN Priorities:Sustainable Development

  • “Programs that improve people’s quality of life without impairing future generations’ ability to improve their quality of life”

  • UN Conference on Human Environment

  • The Earth Summit

  • United Nations Environment Program

Un priorities the middle east
UN Priorities:The Middle East

  • Whereas many other conflicts were resolved in a relatively short time….

  • Palestine & Israel Conflict dominated the Security Council agenda for decades

  • Palestine to Israel; Palestine & Israel?!

  • Wars: 1948, 1956, 1967, and 1973

  • Problems still exist today

Un priorities other major issues
UN Priorities:Other Major Issues

  • Women

  • Child Labour

  • Colonies (success!)

  • Apartheid (success!)

  • Population

  • Development (including the HDI)

  • Health

Un millennium development goals
UN Millennium Development Goals

  • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • Achieve universal primary education

  • Promote gender equality and empower women

  • Reduce child mortality

  • Improve maternal health

  • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

  • Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Develop a global partnership for development

H e guillermo rishchynski
H.E. Guillermo Rishchynski

  • Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Canada to the United Nations

  • Veteran Trade Commissioner, Ambassador, and executive for the Canadian International Development Agency

The rt hon lester b pearson
The Rt. Hon. Lester B. Pearson

  • Invented the concept of peacekeeping

  • President of the General Assembly 1952-1953

  • Won the Nobel Peace Prize for efforts to resolve the Suez Crisis of 1956

  • Canadian Prime Minister 1963-1968

Ms louise frechette
Ms. Louise Frechette

  • Appointed first ever UN Deputy Secretary-General 1998 - 2007

  • Helped manage Secretariat operations

  • Canadian UN Ambassador 1992-1995

Mrs louise arbour
Mrs. Louise Arbour

  • Was the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

  • Former Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada

  • Former Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda

H e stephen lewis
H.E. Stephen Lewis

  • Was the UN Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa

  • Former Deputy Director of UNICEF

  • Former Canadian UN Ambassador

  • Former MPP and Leader of the Ontario NDP

General maurice baril
General Maurice Baril

  • Was a United Nations Headquarters Military Advisor - Senior military advisor to the Secretary-General

  • Former Canadian Chief of Defence Staff (Canada’s top soldier)

Lgen the hon rom o dallaire
LGen The Hon. Roméo Dallaire

  • Was a Commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda

  • Author of Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda

  • Canadian Senator

Mgen lewis mackenzie
MGen Lewis Mackenzie

  • Was a Commander of the United Nations Protection Force in Yugoslavia

  • Author of Peacekeeper, Road to Sarajevo

Canada s financial contributions to the un
Canada’s Financial Contributions to the UN

  • 7th leading contributor to the UN – 2.5% of the UN’s budget (US $34.5 million)… more than China or Russia!

  • Canada has a perfect payment record – always in full, on time, and without conditions

  • In addition, Canada contributes $77 million annually for UN peacekeeping

Canada and international development
Canada andInternational Development

  • Canada spent US $4.73 billion in 2008 on Official Development Assistance (ODA) – 9th largest in the world

    • 0.32% of our Gross National Income (GNI) or approximately $100 from every Canadian

    • UN “target” is 0.7% GNI (originally set by Pearson in 1969, but repeatedly affirmed as an appropriate goal)

    • 5 countries are there already; others have made firm commitments to get there before 2017

Canada and children
Canada and Children

  • Canada played a key role in creating the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of a Child

  • Canada Co-Chaired the 1990 World Summit for Children

  • Canada hosted the 2000 International Conference on War Affected Children

Canada and development in africa
Canada and Development in Africa

  • Canada dropped its tariffs and quotas on nearly all imports from least-developed countries in 2003

  • Canada led the G8 Africa Action Plan that helped African nations launch the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)

  • Canada added another $500 million in aid through the Canada Fund for Africa

Canadian missions to the un
Canadian Missions to the UN

  • Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations in New York (UNHQ)

  • Geneva Mission, Vienna Mission

  • Delegation to UNESCO in Paris

  • Mission UN HABITAT in Nairobi

  • Mission to UNEP in Nairobi

  • Mission to FAO in Rome

  • Mission to ICAO in Montreal

Questions about the un
Questions About the UN?

  • www.un.org

  • www.un.int/canada

  • www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/canada_un

  • www.unac.org

  • www.unicef.ca

  • www.canimun.org

Decision making in different sectors
Decision Making in Different Sectors

  • Corporations, Humanitarian Organizations, International Organizations

    • Whose interests are at heart when decisions are being made?

    • Who makes decisions in each organization or corporation?

    • What are the primary concerns or objectives of the organization or corporation?

    • Where does the organization or corporation get its funding from?

    • What does the organization or corporation do with its money?

Decision making in different sectors1
Decision Making in Different Sectors

  • Nike

  • Shell

  • Doctors without Borders

  • Canadian Red Cross

  • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

  • World Bank