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The War in the Pacific. 1941-1945. 1941. Dec. 7: Japanese attack Pearl Harbor Dec. 8: US declares war on Japan Japan invades Philippines and then seizes: Guam Burma Hong Kong. 1942. Japanese complete takeover of Philippines Gen. MacArthur: “I shall return.” 76,000 troops captured

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Presentation Transcript

1941

  • Dec. 7: Japanese attack Pearl Harbor

  • Dec. 8: US declares war on Japan

  • Japan invades Philippines and then seizes:

    • Guam

    • Burma

    • Hong Kong


1942

  • Japanese complete takeover of Philippines

    • Gen. MacArthur: “I shall return.”

    • 76,000 troops captured

    • Baatan Death March

    • 5,000 Americans die

  • 40% of US POWs captured by Japanese die, as opposed to 1.2% in Europe

  • Japanese-Americans in six states ordered to internment camps


Critical thinking
Critical Thinking

  • Why were US POW deaths so much greater in the Pacific than in Europe?


1942

  • April: US air raid on Tokyo

  • May: Battle of the Coral Sea

    • First Japanese defeat

    • Air combat from carriers

  • June: Battle of Midway

    • Decisive US naval victory

  • Japan seizes Attu & Kiska in Aleutian islands

  • Aug.: US troops land at Guadalcanal


1943

  • Feb.: US defeat Japanese at Guadalcanal

  • “Island Hopping”

    • US invade Solomon Islands, then Gilbert Islands, moving ever closer to Japan

  • US recaptures Aleutians

  • Emperor Hirohito announces Japanese situation is “truly grave”


Critical thinking1
Critical Thinking

  • Why did the US follow the “island hopping” strategy rather than attack Japan directly?


1944

  • US starts to capture Marshall Islands

  • US invades Saipan

  • US begins sustained bombing campaign in Japan

  • Recapture of Guam

  • Americans begin recapture of Philippines


1945

  • Iwo Jima

  • Okinawa

  • Aug. 6: Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima

  • Aug. 9: 2nd atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki

  • Aug. 14: Japanese surrender

  • Sep. 2: Formal surrender (V-J Day)


Critical thinking2
Critical Thinking

  • Why do you think Japan did not surrender earlier?


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