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Mesopotamia 8,000 BC. Start with a story: imagine you are a farmer living near Southwest Asia. The yearly flood which makes farming possible has not come. Now the village is fighting for it’s life…!. Let’s connect!.

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mesopotamia 8 000 bc

Mesopotamia8,000 BC

Start with a story: imagine you are a farmer living near Southwest Asia. The yearly flood which makes farming possible has not come. Now the village is fighting for it’s life…!

let s connect
Let’s connect!
  • Think of a time when you’ve seen pictures about a flood on TV or in the Newspapers. Floods cause destruction by washing away objects in their path. Do you think a flood can also have good consequences?
  • SWBAT explain how the land between the Tigris and Euphrates river was essential to early life.
before now
Before & Now..
  • Last week you learned…
    • As people became better farmers, they settled in large villages. Some settlements developed complex villages with NEW ways of life!
  • This week you will learn…
    • The geography of Mesopotamia influenced where people settled and HOW they lived!
the land between two rivers
The Land between Two Rivers…
  • The word “Mesopotamia” means the land between two rivers.
    • Mesopotamia is between the:
      • Tigris River
      • Euphrates River
the tigris euphrates
The Tigris & Euphrates
  • Located in Southwest Asia
  • Provide Water
  • Good for travel
    • Easier to move by boat in Ancient times
the tigris euphrates1
The Tigris & Euphrates
  • Fertile Soil
    • Every year it would rain and melt the snow in the mountains, this caused the river to overflow!
slide12

As the water flowed down the mountains it picked up soil.

  • When the rivers reached the plains water overflowed onto the FLOOD PLAIN.
  • A flood plain is flat land bordering the banks.
slide13

The fine soil picked up by the overflowed river created SILT

    • Silt was fertile which means it was great for growing crops!
irrigation

Irrigation

6,000 BCE

floods and droughts
Floods and droughts!
  • A long period when too little rain falls is called a drought.
  • Mesopotamia was ARID (dry)
  • Drought is BAD because during a drought the Tigris & Euphrates water level would drop making it hard for famers to water their crops!
  • IF CROPS FAIL…the people Starve!
irrigation1
Irrigation

As early as 6000BCE Mesopotamian farmers took steps to control water

they built walls to control water during floods

they built canals to carry water from rivers to the fields

This system of watering dry land is called IRRIGATION!

http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=1E160BFC-BBCA-43F8-B10F-63102046DF34&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US#

the downside
The downside…
  • Water from Tigris and Euphrates was muddy and silt often clogged the canals
  • Keeping canals clean was a big challenge for farmers
read up a little more
Read up a little more
  • Go to the following website and answer these questions: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/economy/farming/irrigation.htm
let s try a game
Let’s try a game!
  • http://kids.yahoo.com/games/game/irrigation-nation
current events
Current Events
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGpCjPOFTvg
what are the downsides of this great land mesopotamia
What are the downsides of this great land Mesopotamia?
  • Lack of natural resources
  • No forests for wood so they couldn’t build advanced homes
  • Limited protection- not surrounded by mountains or other natura barriers
    • Built brick walls
    • They did trade because they had a SURPLUS of crops! This lead to a very diverse society.
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