Mesopotamia 8 000 bc
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Mesopotamia 8,000 BC. Start with a story: imagine you are a farmer living near Southwest Asia. The yearly flood which makes farming possible has not come. Now the village is fighting for it’s life…!. Let’s connect!.

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Mesopotamia 8 000 bc

Mesopotamia8,000 BC

Start with a story: imagine you are a farmer living near Southwest Asia. The yearly flood which makes farming possible has not come. Now the village is fighting for it’s life…!


Let s connect
Let’s connect!

  • Think of a time when you’ve seen pictures about a flood on TV or in the Newspapers. Floods cause destruction by washing away objects in their path. Do you think a flood can also have good consequences?

  • SWBAT explain how the land between the Tigris and Euphrates river was essential to early life.


Before now
Before & Now..

  • Last week you learned…

    • As people became better farmers, they settled in large villages. Some settlements developed complex villages with NEW ways of life!

  • This week you will learn…

    • The geography of Mesopotamia influenced where people settled and HOW they lived!


The land between two rivers
The Land between Two Rivers…

  • The word “Mesopotamia” means the land between two rivers.

    • Mesopotamia is between the:

      • Tigris River

      • Euphrates River



Let s zoom in
Let’s ZOOM in!

Asia

Africa




The tigris euphrates
The Tigris & Euphrates

  • Located in Southwest Asia

  • Provide Water

  • Good for travel

    • Easier to move by boat in Ancient times


The tigris euphrates1
The Tigris & Euphrates

  • Fertile Soil

    • Every year it would rain and melt the snow in the mountains, this caused the river to overflow!



  • The fine soil picked up by the overflowed river created SILT

    • Silt was fertile which means it was great for growing crops!


Irrigation

Irrigation

6,000 BCE


Floods and droughts
Floods and droughts!

  • A long period when too little rain falls is called a drought.

  • Mesopotamia was ARID (dry)

  • Drought is BAD because during a drought the Tigris & Euphrates water level would drop making it hard for famers to water their crops!

  • IF CROPS FAIL…the people Starve!


Irrigation1
Irrigation

As early as 6000BCE Mesopotamian farmers took steps to control water

they built walls to control water during floods

they built canals to carry water from rivers to the fields

This system of watering dry land is called IRRIGATION!

http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=1E160BFC-BBCA-43F8-B10F-63102046DF34&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US#


The downside
The downside…

  • Water from Tigris and Euphrates was muddy and silt often clogged the canals

  • Keeping canals clean was a big challenge for farmers


Read up a little more
Read up a little more

  • Go to the following website and answer these questions: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/economy/farming/irrigation.htm


Let s try a game
Let’s try a game!

  • http://kids.yahoo.com/games/game/irrigation-nation


Current events
Current Events

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGpCjPOFTvg


What are the downsides of this great land mesopotamia
What are the downsides of this great land Mesopotamia?

  • Lack of natural resources

  • No forests for wood so they couldn’t build advanced homes

  • Limited protection- not surrounded by mountains or other natura barriers

    • Built brick walls

    • They did trade because they had a SURPLUS of crops! This lead to a very diverse society.


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