PROTECTED AREA MANAGEMENT IN TURKEY
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PROTECTED AREA MANAGEMENT IN TURKEY REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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PROTECTED AREA MANAGEMENT IN TURKEY REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF NATURE CONSERVATION AND NATIONAL PARKS Prepared by, Erdogan ERTURK Forest Engineer (MSc). Biological Diversity in Turkey.

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PROTECTED AREA MANAGEMENT IN TURKEY REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY

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Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

PROTECTED AREA MANAGEMENT IN TURKEY

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY

GENERAL DIRECTORATE

OF

NATURE CONSERVATION AND NATIONAL PARKS

Prepared by,

Erdogan ERTURK

Forest Engineer (MSc)


Biological diversity in turkey

Biological Diversity in Turkey

  • Diverse habitat types, ranging from coastal to Alphine

  • Agricultural species, their wild variants, commercially important forest species, medicinal and aromatic plants

  • 75% of the total 12.000 plant species which are found in the whole Europe is found in Turkey.Turkey has also 3.000 endemic plant species, which forms 1/3 of this flora

  • Due to the location among Europe, Asia and Africa, surrounding of the three sides with different ecological seas, high attitude differences such as 5.000 meters above sea level;132 mammal, 453 bird, 106 reptiles and 345 fish species live in Turkey.


Biological diversity in turkey1

Biological Diversity in Turkey

  • The wetlands of Turkey has a vital importance for most of the immigrant birds and it is also the breeding area for most of the water birds. Two main migration routes of Western Paleo arctic Region are located in Turkey


Organization structure

ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE

MINISTER

UNDERSECRETARY

DEPUTY UNDERSECRETARY

GENERAL DIRECTORATE

OF

NATURE CONSERVATION AND NATIONAL PARKS

DEPARTMENT OF

NATIONAL PARKS

DEPARTMENT OF

NATURE

CONSERVATION

DEPARTMENT OF

HUNTING AND

WILDLIFE

MANAGEMENT

DEPARTMENT OF

RECRATION AREAS

PROVINCIAL DIRECTORATES


Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

PROTECTED AREAS IN TURKEY


Protected areas ha 4 1 million 5 3 of country s total land area

Protected Areas (ha) : 4,1 million (5.3 % of country’s total land area)


Pressures and threats in protected areas

Pressures and Threats in Protected Areas

Illegal logging

Conversion

Land degradation

Grazing/Overgrazing

Illegal hunting/fishing

Uncontrolled Tourism

Pollution and waste

Semi-natural processes (e.g. fire)

Cross-boundary issues

Alien/invasive species

Excavation of historical sites


Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

Legislative Framework for Biodiversity and Nature Conservation in Turkey

  • -National Parks Law (1983)

  • -Decree on Specially Protected Areas (1988)

  • -Law on Protection of Natural and Cultural Assessments (1983)

  • -Law on Environment (1983)

  • -Regulation on Wetland Protection (2002)

  • -Terrestrial Hunting Law (1937-Renewed 2003)

  • -Aquatic Products Law (1971)

  • -Forestry Law (1956)


Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

International Conventions and Protocols on Nature Protection Ratified by Turkey

  • Convention on Biodiversity Conservation(Rio Convention) (1997)

  • Cartagena Protocol (2004)

  • CITES (1996)

  • Barcelona Convention (1988)

  • Bucharest Convention (1994)

  • Protection of Cultural and National Heritage (1983)

  • Convention on Combating Erosion (1998)

  • European Landscape Convention (2000)

  • Bern Convention(1984)

  • Ramsar Convention (1994)

  • Kyoto Protocol (2009)


Projects executed by general directorate

PROJECTSEXECUTED BY GENERAL DIRECTORATE


Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

Biodiversity and natural resources management(Supported by Global Environment Facility and World Bank)

The Project Objectives:

To establish effective, inter-sectoral, participatory planning and sustainable management of protected areas and natural resources at four selected biodiversity conservation demonstration sites,

To build capacity at the national level to facilitate replication of these activities at priority conservation sites throughout Turkey.


Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

Strengthening of forest protected areas management(Supported by Global Environment Facility and UNDP)

The Project Objectives:

To enhance coverage and management effectiveness of the Forest Protected Areas (FPAs) through demonstrating cost-effective approaches for effective conservation and sustainable resource management at Küre Mountains National Park

To take initial steps towards the replication of this model at the remaining eight forest hot spots.


Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

Communication strategy and ecological impact assessment for natura 2000 implementation(Supported by European Union)

The Project Objectives:

Establishing the communication strategy for Natura 2000 and harmonization of Habitat Directives in the assessment of impacts of the investments on protected areas.


Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands in Turkey as a contribution to climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation

(Supported by Ministry of Environment, Nature and Nuclear Security of Germany and GTZ)

The Project Objectives:

To contributesto raise awareness for the potential of sustainable use of protected sites esp. wetlands among potential users and other stakeholders

To prepare a basement to wetland management plans which will be implemented in the pilot areas.


Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

Further Development of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP)(Supported by Global Environment Facility and UNEP)

The Project Objectives:

To undertake the consultations necessary for the preparation of Second and Third National Reports to the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity

To better incorporate the decisions and work programmes of the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity into the National Biodiversity Action Plan prior to its official submission to the CBD Secretariat


Protected area management in turkey republic of turkey ministry of environment and forestry

Protection and Sustainable Development of Natural Resources and Biodiversity in the Yıldız Mountains in Turkey (Supported by European Union)

The Project Objectives:

To serve the long term and large scale protection of biodiversity of Yıldız Mountains (Istranca forest) on the Turkish side of the region by carrying out inventories and mapping, designing zonation, developing management plans and implementing management within the established UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserve


Thank you

Thank you…

Erdoğan Ertürk

Forest Engineer (MSc.)

Ministry of Environment and Forestry

General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Park

E-Mail: [email protected]

Mobile Phone:+90 532 7014545

Phone:+90 31202075883

Fax:+90 312 5075959


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