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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY. & İstanbul. MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATURK (1881-1938). ATATURK FOUNDED THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY IN 1923. He made many reforms and tried Turkey to integrate the Europe and world . He reconstructed all the educational , juridical and political base of Turkey .

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Republic of turkey

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY

&

İstanbul


Mustafa kemal ataturk 1881 1938

MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATURK (1881-1938)

ATATURK FOUNDED THE

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY IN 1923


He made many reforms and tried turkey to integrate the europe and world

He mademanyreformsandtriedTurkeytointegratetheEuropeandworld.

He reconstructedalltheeducational,

juridicalandpoliticalbase of Turkey.


Turkey i s a parl i amentary representat i ve democracy

TURKEY IS A PARLIAMENTARYREPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY


Turkey is a secular state with no official religion

Turkey is a secularstate with no official religion

Islam is the dominant religion of Turkey

There are about 120,000 Christians, including an estimated 80,000 Oriental Orthodox,35,000 Roman Catholics, 5,000 Greek Orthodoxand smaller numbers of Protestants, andabout 26,000 people who are Jewish



Capital city ankara the most crowded city istanbul

CAPITAL CITY: ANKARATHE MOST CROWDED CITY: ISTANBUL

Theotherbigcitiesare :

İzmir

Bursa

Adana

Konya

Antalya


Turkey is bordered by eight countries

Turkey is bordered by eight countries:

BULGARIA- GREECE-GEORGIA-ARMENIA-AZERBAIJAN-IRAN-IRAQ-SYRIA


The four seas

THE FOUR SEAS

MEDITERRANEAN SEA,

AEGEAN SEA,

BLACK SEA

THE SEA OF MARMARA


Population

POPULATION

74,724,269


Turkey accepted latin alphabet in 1928

TURKEY ACCEPTED LATIN ALPHABET IN 1928

TURKEY ABOLISHED POLYGAMY IN 1926

TURKEY DOES NOT HAVE CAPITAL PUNISHMENT


Currency

CURRENCY

TURKISH LIRA



Stanbul
İSTANBUL EUROPEAN UNION


  • Istanbul EUROPEAN UNION is thelargestcity in Turkeyconstitutingthecountry'seconomic, cultural, andhistoricalheart. With a population of 13.5 million, thecity is amongthelargestcities in theworld.

  • Istanbul is a transcontinentalcity, straddlingtheBosphorus—one of theworld'sbusiestwaterways—in northwesternTurkey, betweentheSea of Marmara andtheBlackSea.


  • Its EUROPEAN UNIONcommercialandhistoricalcenterlies in Europe, while a third of itspopulationlives in Asia.

  • Thepopulation of thecity has increasedtenfold since the 1950s, as migrantsfromacrossAnatoliahavecometothemetropolis .


  • Founded EUROPEAN UNION in around 660 BC as Byzantium, thecitynowknown as Istanbuldevelopedtobecomeone of themostsignificantcities in history. Fornearlysixteencenturiesfollowingitsreestablishment as Constantinople in 330 AD, it served as thecapital of fourempires: the Roman Empire, theByzantineEmpire, the Latin Empire, andtheOttomanEmpire.


  • Seven EUROPEAN UNIONmillionforeignvisitorsarrived in Istanbul in 2010, when it wasnamed a EuropeanCapital of Culture, makingthecitytheworld'stenth-most-popular touristdestination.


  • Istanbul EUROPEAN UNION has twointernationalairports, thelarger of which is Atatürk International. Atatürk, located 24 kilometerswest of thecitycenter, is theeighth-busiestairport in Europe.

  • Sabiha Gökçen InternationalAirport, 45 kilometerssoutheast of thecitycenter, wasopened in 2001.


Bosphorus
Bosphorus EUROPEAN UNION

  • TheBosphorusdividesthecityintotheEuropeanandAsiansides, linkedbytwomagnificientbridges, spanningthecontinents. It is a charmingplace, knownforitsfishrestaurants, andthewalkuptotheruinedfortressoverlookingthevillage.


  • The EUROPEAN UNIONBosphorusBridge, alsocalledtheFirstBosphorusBridge is one of thetwobridges in Istanbul,  connectingEuropeandAsia. Itwasopened in 1973 tocelebratethe 50th anniversary of theRepublic.

  • The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, is thesecondbosphorusbridge, is a bridge in Istanbul, spanningtheBosphorusstrait. Itwascompleted in 1988.


The princes islands
The EUROPEAN UNIONPrincesIslands

Thepicturesquescenery of woodedhills, charmingbeachesandauthenticOttomanmansions, combinedwiththetranquilatmosphere, makefor a pleasantcontrasttothecityitself.

Büyük Ada, or “Big Island” is themost popular withvisitors. No carsareallowed but you can take a trip in a horseandcarriagetovisittheMonastery of St. George.


Taks m
TAKSİM EUROPEAN UNION

  • Taksim Square is situated in theEuropeanpart of Istanbul, is a majorshopping, touristandleisuredistrictfamedforitsrestaurants, pubs, discos, shopsandhotels. It is consideredtheheart of modern Istanbul.


PERA EUROPEAN UNION

  • Beyoğlu is located on theEuropeanside, separatedfromtheoldcitybythe Golden Horn. Itwasknown as PeraduringtheMiddleAges, andthis name remained in commonuseuntiltheearly 20th centuryandtheestablishment of theTurkishRepublic.


Maiden s tower
Maiden's EUROPEAN UNIONTower

  • Maiden'sTower is a towerlying on a small islet located at 200 m offthecoast of Üsküdar. Theinterior of thetower has beentransformedinto a popular caféandrestaurant. Privateboatsmaketripstothetowerseveraltimes a day. Whenyouvisitthistower, youwillalsolearnthelegendsabouttheconstruction of thetoweranditslocation.


Topkapi palace
Topkapi EUROPEAN UNIONPalace

  • TopkapiPalace is thesymbolandthecenter of theOttomanEmpire. OverlookingBosphorusandthe Marmara sea, standsthisamazingbuildingthatwasthegreatpalace of theOttomanSultans. Thepalace is a collection of buildingsarrangedaround a series of courtyardsand has incrediblecollections of jewels, China, pieces of OttomanandIslamicartwork.


Saint sophie
Saint EUROPEAN UNIONSophie

  • Saint Sophie, builtbyConstantintheGreat, alsoknown as thechurch of theDivineWisdomwasdesignedtoshowthestrengthandwealth of the Roman emperors. Once it wasthegreatestChristianchurch in theworld.


Sultanahmet mosque
Sultanahmet EUROPEAN UNIONMosque

  • Sultanahmet Mosque, is known as theBlueMosque, because of itsmagnificientinteriordecorations of blueIzniktiles. Outside of themosquestandstheturbeorthetomb of Sultan Ahmet. The Sultan wasburiedherealongwith his wifeandthreesons.


Basilica cistern
Basilica EUROPEAN UNIONCistern

  • BasilicaCistern, built in thefourthcentury, is one of the underground cisternsthatriddlethefoundations of thecity. It has beenextensivelyexcavatedandrenovatedand is worthvisitingandexploringwhilelisteningtothetunes of classicalmusic.


Suleymaniye mosque
Suleymaniye EUROPEAN UNIONMosque

  • SuleymaniyeMosquebuiltby Mimar Sinan, thegreatarchitect, andcompleted in just seven years is consideredto be themostbeautiful of allImperialmosques in Istanbul. Itdominatestheskyline of the Golden Horn. Adjoiningthemosquethereareschools of theology, schools of Medicine, and a caravanserai.


  • Dolmabahce EUROPEAN UNIONPalacewasbuilt as a secondresidencetothe Sultan Abdulmecidmid 19th century. Thepalacecommands a nice viewright on theBosphorusanditsgardensareverypretty, especially in springand

    summer.

  • Thefounder of Turkey,

    Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

    died in thispalace on

    November 10, 1938.


Dolmabahce palace
Dolmabahce EUROPEAN UNIONPalace


Grand bazaar
Grand EUROPEAN UNIONBazaar

  • Grand Bazaar, theworld'sbiggestcoveredhistoricBazaar since 1461. It is one of themostfamousspots of Istanbul, alwaysfilledwithcrowdswho not onlycometoshop but towindow-shopcarpets, jewellery, leathers,handcrafts, homedecorationitemsandmanymore.


Galata tower
Galata EUROPEAN UNIONTower

  • Galata Tower is located in the Galata area of Beyoglu. Galata tower is one of thebestvistapoints in Istanbulwithsweepingviews of the Golden Horn


Beylerbeyi palace
Beylerbeyi EUROPEAN UNIONPalace

  • Beylerbeyi Palace is located on theAsianside of theBosphorusslightlytothenorth of DolmabahcePalace, rightunderthefirstbridgewhichconnectsAsiaandEurope. Muchsmaller in size, thepalace is a nice example of Ottomanarchitecture.


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