Findings challenges and recommendations for teaching in academia
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Findings, Challenges, and Recommendations for Teaching in Academia. Susan Rodger, Duke University Patricia Joseph, Slippery Rock University Joyce Currie Little, Towson University Suzanne Westbrook, Univ of Arizona [email protected] Thursday, Oct 2, 2008 2:45pm-3:45pm.

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Findings, Challenges, and Recommendations for Teaching in Academia

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Findings challenges and recommendations for teaching in academia

Findings, Challenges, and Recommendations for Teaching in Academia

Susan Rodger, Duke University

Patricia Joseph, Slippery Rock University

Joyce Currie Little, Towson University

Suzanne Westbrook, Univ of Arizona

[email protected]

Thursday, Oct 2, 2008

2:45pm-3:45pm


Challenges family teaching innovation susan rodger duke university

Challenges:Family/Teaching InnovationSusan Rodger, Duke University

  • About my Teaching Position

  • Challenge of Family/Work

  • Challenge of Teaching


About my teaching position

About My Teaching Position

  • Background

    • Purdue University, PhD CS, 1989 parallel algorithms

    • Assistant Professor, Rensselaer 1989-1994, tenure-track

    • Then job offer – Duke University

      • “Assistant Prof. of Practice” 1994-97

      • “Assoc. Prof. of the Practice” 1997-08

      • “Prof. of the Practice” 2008-?


Professor of the practice track

Professor of the Practice Track

  • Focus on Education in Discipline

    • PhD preferred or Prof. Experience

  • Regular Rank Faculty – non-tenure

  • Permanent Contract position

    • 3 to 10 year contracts, renewable

  • Promotable – CS education

    • Grants, papers, visibility


Duke cs pops vs tenured

Duke CS PoPs vs Tenured

  • teach 2 courses/semester vs 1

  • Focus on Ugrad curriculum

  • Cover Intro courses plus others

  • Supervise Ugrad research

    • Can also supervise MS and PhD

  • Advising

  • Attend Faculty meetings

  • Salary similar, no “sabatical”

  • Write Grants/papers – in CS Educ


Pop history at duke

PoP History at Duke

  • PoP track added in 1991

  • For 2008-09 - 4 PoPs in CS

    • Arts and Sciences

      • 526 tenure/tenure-track

      • 82 PoPs

    • School of Engineering

      • 95 tenure/tenure-track

      • 8 PoPs

    • School of Environment

      • 43 tenure/tenure-track

      • 4 PoPs


Challenge of family work spouse mother of two boys

Challenge of Family/WorkSpouse/Mother of two boys


Challenges with family work

Challenges with Family/Work

  • Virtual Prof (bedrest) 1996, 1999

  • Maternity Leave – 1997, 2000

  • ¾ Time for 5 years - 2000-2005

  • “Leave” – Fall 2004 – write book


Challenges with family work1

Challenges with Family/Work

  • Get Help

    • Cleaning, Yard, Babysitters

    • Use online resources

      • Sittercity.com – babysitters

      • Manic Mommies – podcast

      • Order kids clothes, gifts online

      • Use rating services – kids books, games

        • Parent’s Choice Awards

        • Common Sense Media

    • Family time - Focus on Your Likes

      • Our Family cooks together – fresh food

      • Family hikes


Challenges with family work2

Challenges with Family/Work

  • To get want you want

    • By all means “Ask”

    • Then “Ask again”

    • Keep asking – be persistent

  • Examples

    • Leaves

    • ¾ time for temp period


Challenges of teaching

Challenges of Teaching

  • PhDs not trained to teach. 

  • How do you learn to teach or improve your teaching?

  • How do you stay innovative in your teaching?


Teaching getting started

Teaching – Getting Started

  • Use online resources

  • Find similar courses – use and modify

    • Continue to refine every offering


Engage students

Engage Students

  • Reading quizzes online – Blackboard

  • Dial a Picture

  • Workshop teaching format

    • Short lecture

    • Students work a problem – 5 min to 20 min

    • Discuss

    • Repeat


Engage students cont fsa built with cookies

Engage Students (cont)FSA built with cookies


Engage students cont be a robot

Engage Students (cont)Be a Robot


Engage students cont

Engage Students (Cont)

  • Students working in pairs

  • Workshop format

  • Prof and UTAs provide support


Where to get ideas sigcse

Where to get Ideas? SIGCSE

  • SIGCSE is the computer science education conference

  • Over 1200 people

  • Papers, panels, special session, workshops, birds of a feather, posters


Other resources

Other Resources

  • Education conferences – SIGCSE, FIE, ITiCSE, ASEE, CCSC

  • Education journals

  • Campus resource center on teaching?

    • Duke – Center for Teaching


Challenges for teaching in academia

Challenges for Teaching in Academia

Patricia A. Joseph

Slippery Rock University of PA

[email protected]


Who is patricia joseph

Who is Patricia Joseph?

  • Tenured Assistant Professor

  • Represented by a Labor Union

  • State-Owned University

  • Single & Content


My story

My Story

  • 1st Tenure-Track Woman in department

  • 1st Information Systems person in a CS department

  • B.S. Ed., M.A. English, M.S. Information Science, etc.

  • Career as public school teacher

  • Do not have a Ph.D.


My experience

My Experience

What I wish that someone

had told me…


Types of institutions

Types of Institutions

  • Large Research

  • Undergraduate

  • 2-Year & Community Colleges


Types of positions

Types of Positions

  • Temporary or Adjunct

  • Contractual or Limited Term

  • Teaching Professor

  • University of California system

    “potential for security of employment”


Opportunities

Opportunities

  • Interviewing for the Position

  • Understanding Union Contracts

  • Negotiating

    • Salary & Rank

    • Office & Hardware/Software

    • Travel Budget

    • Student Help


Challenges

Challenges

  • Finding a Mentor—either in your department or elsewhere at your institution

  • Being Aware of Politics in your department and in your college

    http://cs.southwestern.edu/CEOHP/


Details

Details

  • Qualifications

  • Pay Scales

  • Typical Benefits

  • Requirements in Contract vs. Requirements for Tenure


The reality

The Reality

It’s still a “chilly climate” for women in academe” … Be aware of it so that you won’t be blind-sided.

http://dynamic.uoregon.edu/~jjf/chillyclimate.html

http://www.bernicesandler.com


Thank you

THANK YOU!


Joyce currie little professor computer information sciences towson university

San Diego State, grad ass’t + , THEN Goucher College, CC Dir, Instr; THEN Community College of Baltimore, & during: Chamberlayne Junior College; THEN

Towson University, since 1981 (Founding Department Chair 1984)

Joyce Currie Little, ProfessorComputer & Information SciencesTowson University


Teaching in academia what s good what s bad

WHAT A JOY - LOVE IT!

CONTINUING TO LEARN!

KEEPING CURRENT

SCHOLARLY COLLEAGUES

EAGER STUDENTS

HELPING NEXT GENERATION

FLEXIBLE SCHEDULING

A DECENT LIVING

GRADING PAPERS

KEEPING UP-TO-DATE

NOT-SO-EAGER STUDENTS

TOO BUSY - MANY CONTINUING DUTIES

UNPREDICTABLE DEMANDS

GENERATIONAL CHALLENGES, BOTH STUDENTS/FACULTY

A DECENT LIVING

TEACHING IN ACADEMIAWHAT’S GOOD * WHAT’S BAD


Problems for women what how

PROBLEMS FOR WOMEN ?WHAT? HOW ??

  • CONFLICTING DEMANDS FOR TIME

  • NOT ALWAYS WELCOMED BY COLLEAGUES

  • ESTABLISHING REPUTATIONS

  • JUGGLING THE VARIETY OF DEMANDS

  • HAVE LOTS OF PERSISTENCE

  • SHOW YOUR CAPABILITIES

  • BE HELPFUL

  • EARN TRUST

  • EXPECT EQUALITY THROUGHOUT

  • LEARN TIME MANAGEMENT


Data can help

Data can Help !

  • Demographics, by field, by gender, by rank, by salary

  • Number of eligible qualified graduates by discipline

  • Number of those entering industry

  • Number left who are interested

  • Number who support equity rights

  • Number who encourage others

  • Number serving as mentors


Trends and influences

Trends and Influences

  • Corporate leanings in academia

  • Need for flexibility for management

  • Tendency to move to contractual workforce in the professoriate

  • Move to decrease faculty governance rights

  • Move to eliminate tenure

  • Decrease in “permanent” faculty

  • The shift to “professors of the practice”


Recommendations

Recommendations

  • Educate new entering faculty about the “professoriate”

  • Mentor new entering faculty (both tenure-track & contractual) to help move them toward tenure

  • Advocate higher percentage of tenured faculty

  • Encourage rights and responsibilities (both) of tenured faculty

  • Work for change in rigidity of policies


Policy level help the aaup

POLICY LEVEL HELP: THE AAUP

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS:

POLICY DOCUMENTS AND REPORTS

(THE “RED BOOK”)

  • 1940 STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLES ON ACADEMIC FREEDOM AND TENURE, WITH 1970 INTERPRETIVE COMMENTS


Aaup continued

AAUP, CONTINUED

  • 1940 STATEMENT ON GOVERNMENT OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

  • STATEMENT ON PRINCIPLES ON FAMILY RESPONSIBILITIES AND ACADEMIC WORK

  • THE STATUS OF PART-TIME FACULTY

  • ON FULL-TIME NON-TENURE TRACK APPOINTMENTS

  • CONTINGENT APPOINTMENTS AND THE ACADEMIC PROFESSION

  • INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR LEGAL DAMANDS ON FACULTY

  • STATEMENT OF CORPORATE FUNDING OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH


Places that help

PLACES THAT HELP

  • ASSOCIATION FOR UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS (AAUP)

  • NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, & COMMITTEE ON WOMEN IN SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND MEDICINE

  • COMMISSION ON PROFESSIONALS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

  • BY DISCIPLINE: EDUCATOR GROUPS – ACM SIGCSE, MAA, ETC

  • BY DISCIPLINE: WOMEN COLLEAGUES THE WORLD OVER

  • YOUR FAMILY, IF YOU ARE LUCKY!

  • YOUR DAD AND OTHER DAD’S


Challenges considerations in choosing a teaching focused position

Challenges: Considerations in Choosing a Teaching-Focused Position

Suzanne Westbrook

Senior Lecturer and Associate Head

University of Arizona (Tucson!)

[email protected]


Challenge choosing the right teaching focused position

Challenge: Choosing the Right Teaching-Focused Position

  • About my position

  • Are teaching faculty valued?

  • What indicates value?

  • Opportunities

  • Things to consider

  • Recommendations to Education Leaders


About my teaching position1

About My Teaching Position

  • Background

    • University of Southwestern Louisiana, (now University of Louisiana-Lafayette) PhD in CS, 1998, research in multiparadigm languages

    • Northern Arizona University

      • Lecturer 1993-1998

      • Associate Professor 1998-1999

    • University of Arizona – 1999-now

      • Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Associate Department Head


Senior lecturer position at ua

Senior Lecturer position at UA

  • Non-tenure track – focus on undergraduate education

  • PhD preferred

  • Three year renewable contracts (I’m starting my 4th one)

  • No research expectations, but is appreciated (CS Education Res)

  • Teach two courses/semester (TT faculty teach one)

  • No sabbatical!


Associate department head

Associate Department Head

  • Primarily over Undergrad program

  • No additional salary, but one course relief per semester

  • Work with faculty, staff, dept head on variety of issues (course scheduling, faculty assignments, student problems, etc.)

  • Run the undergrad TA program

  • More committees, represent department in college and univ.


Are teaching focused faculty valued

Are Teaching-Focused Faculty “Valued”?

  • What indicates “value”?

    • Recognized for contributions (teaching, service, research)

    • Rewarded for contributions

    • Opportunities for advancement

    • Opportunities for professional development (travel and workshops)

    • Atmosphere in department


What are the opportunities

What are the Opportunities?

  • Is CS education valued both within and outside the department?

    • Department view of CS education research – does it help with promotion opportunities?

    • Department committees

    • Department leadership roles

    • College/University committees

    • Relationships with industry and community


Does a teaching focused position fit you

Does a Teaching Focused Position Fit You?

  • How does this type position fit with your career goals?

    • Do you know your career goals? 

    • Research interests

    • Need for status (respect)

    • Advancement

    • Mobility

    • Family


Recommendations to education leaders

Recommendations to Education Leaders

  • Regard CS education research as “real” CS research

  • Include CS teaching-focused faculty even at large institutions

  • Work to get CS included as a core discipline in high schools -> will need CS high school teachers -> will lead to more emphasis on CS teaching faculty at universities and CS education research!


Questions

Questions?

Susan Rodger, Duke University

Patricia Joseph, Slippery Rock University

Joyce Currie Little, Towson University

Suzanne Westbrook, Univ of Arizona

[email protected]


References

References

  • K12: Computer Science Teachers Association (CSTA): http://www.csta.acm.org/


Resources

Resources

Computing Educators Oral History Project.

http://cs.southwestern.edu/CEOHP/

“The Classroom Climate: A Chilly One for Women?”

http://dynamic.uoregon.edu/~jjf/chillyclimate.html

“Women Faculty at Work . . .”

http://www.bernicesandler.com/id29.htm


References1

REFERENCES

  • Association for University Professors (AAUP). "Contingent Appointments and the Academic Profession." AAUP Redbook. Washington, DC. (Since 1940)

    (see http://www.aaup.org)


Findings challenges and recommendations for teaching in academia

  • References, Cont’d

  • Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology (CPST). Salaries of Scientists, Engineers and Technicians: A Summary of Salary Surveys.

  • Washington DC., 2008. Available at http://www.cpst.org.


References cont d

References, Cont’d

  • National Academy Press. To Recruit and Advance: Women Students and Faculty in Science and Engineering. Washington DC., 2006.

  • Nelson, Cary, "Across the Great Divide," Academe. American Association for University Professors. September-October 2008.


References cont d1

References, Cont’d

  • Plater, William M. “The Twenty-First-Century Professoriate.” Academe. American Association for University Professors. July-August 2008.


References cont d2

References, Cont’d

  • Sandler, Bernice Resnick. “Women Faculty at Work in the Classroom, or, Why It Still Hurts To Be a Woman in Labor.” Available at http://www.bernicesandler.com/id29.htm.


References cont d3

REFERENCES, CONT’D

  • Trower, Cathy A. “Amending Higher Education's Constitution." Academe. American Association for University Professors. September-October 2008.


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