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Findings, Challenges, and Recommendations for Teaching in Academia. Susan Rodger, Duke University Patricia Joseph, Slippery Rock University Joyce Currie Little, Towson University Suzanne Westbrook, Univ of Arizona [email protected] Thursday, Oct 2, 2008 2:45pm-3:45pm.

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findings challenges and recommendations for teaching in academia

Findings, Challenges, and Recommendations for Teaching in Academia

Susan Rodger, Duke University

Patricia Joseph, Slippery Rock University

Joyce Currie Little, Towson University

Suzanne Westbrook, Univ of Arizona

[email protected]

Thursday, Oct 2, 2008

2:45pm-3:45pm

challenges family teaching innovation susan rodger duke university
Challenges:Family/Teaching InnovationSusan Rodger, Duke University
  • About my Teaching Position
  • Challenge of Family/Work
  • Challenge of Teaching
about my teaching position
About My Teaching Position
  • Background
    • Purdue University, PhD CS, 1989 parallel algorithms
    • Assistant Professor, Rensselaer 1989-1994, tenure-track
    • Then job offer – Duke University
      • “Assistant Prof. of Practice” 1994-97
      • “Assoc. Prof. of the Practice” 1997-08
      • “Prof. of the Practice” 2008-?
professor of the practice track
Professor of the Practice Track
  • Focus on Education in Discipline
    • PhD preferred or Prof. Experience
  • Regular Rank Faculty – non-tenure
  • Permanent Contract position
    • 3 to 10 year contracts, renewable
  • Promotable – CS education
    • Grants, papers, visibility
duke cs pops vs tenured
Duke CS PoPs vs Tenured
  • teach 2 courses/semester vs 1
  • Focus on Ugrad curriculum
  • Cover Intro courses plus others
  • Supervise Ugrad research
    • Can also supervise MS and PhD
  • Advising
  • Attend Faculty meetings
  • Salary similar, no “sabatical”
  • Write Grants/papers – in CS Educ
pop history at duke
PoP History at Duke
  • PoP track added in 1991
  • For 2008-09 - 4 PoPs in CS
    • Arts and Sciences
      • 526 tenure/tenure-track
      • 82 PoPs
    • School of Engineering
      • 95 tenure/tenure-track
      • 8 PoPs
    • School of Environment
      • 43 tenure/tenure-track
      • 4 PoPs
challenges with family work
Challenges with Family/Work
  • Virtual Prof (bedrest) 1996, 1999
  • Maternity Leave – 1997, 2000
  • ¾ Time for 5 years - 2000-2005
  • “Leave” – Fall 2004 – write book
challenges with family work1
Challenges with Family/Work
  • Get Help
    • Cleaning, Yard, Babysitters
    • Use online resources
      • Sittercity.com – babysitters
      • Manic Mommies – podcast
      • Order kids clothes, gifts online
      • Use rating services – kids books, games
        • Parent’s Choice Awards
        • Common Sense Media
    • Family time - Focus on Your Likes
      • Our Family cooks together – fresh food
      • Family hikes
challenges with family work2
Challenges with Family/Work
  • To get want you want
    • By all means “Ask”
    • Then “Ask again”
    • Keep asking – be persistent
  • Examples
    • Leaves
    • ¾ time for temp period
challenges of teaching
Challenges of Teaching
  • PhDs not trained to teach. 
  • How do you learn to teach or improve your teaching?
  • How do you stay innovative in your teaching?
teaching getting started
Teaching – Getting Started
  • Use online resources
  • Find similar courses – use and modify
    • Continue to refine every offering
engage students
Engage Students
  • Reading quizzes online – Blackboard
  • Dial a Picture
  • Workshop teaching format
    • Short lecture
    • Students work a problem – 5 min to 20 min
    • Discuss
    • Repeat
engage students cont
Engage Students (Cont)
  • Students working in pairs
  • Workshop format
  • Prof and UTAs provide support
where to get ideas sigcse
Where to get Ideas? SIGCSE
  • SIGCSE is the computer science education conference
  • Over 1200 people
  • Papers, panels, special session, workshops, birds of a feather, posters
other resources
Other Resources
  • Education conferences – SIGCSE, FIE, ITiCSE, ASEE, CCSC
  • Education journals
  • Campus resource center on teaching?
    • Duke – Center for Teaching
challenges for teaching in academia

Challenges for Teaching in Academia

Patricia A. Joseph

Slippery Rock University of PA

[email protected]

who is patricia joseph
Who is Patricia Joseph?
  • Tenured Assistant Professor
  • Represented by a Labor Union
  • State-Owned University
  • Single & Content
my story
My Story
  • 1st Tenure-Track Woman in department
  • 1st Information Systems person in a CS department
  • B.S. Ed., M.A. English, M.S. Information Science, etc.
  • Career as public school teacher
  • Do not have a Ph.D.
my experience
My Experience

What I wish that someone

had told me…

types of institutions
Types of Institutions
  • Large Research
  • Undergraduate
  • 2-Year & Community Colleges
types of positions
Types of Positions
  • Temporary or Adjunct
  • Contractual or Limited Term
  • Teaching Professor
  • University of California system

“potential for security of employment”

opportunities
Opportunities
  • Interviewing for the Position
  • Understanding Union Contracts
  • Negotiating
    • Salary & Rank
    • Office & Hardware/Software
    • Travel Budget
    • Student Help
challenges
Challenges
  • Finding a Mentor—either in your department or elsewhere at your institution
  • Being Aware of Politics in your department and in your college

http://cs.southwestern.edu/CEOHP/

details
Details
  • Qualifications
  • Pay Scales
  • Typical Benefits
  • Requirements in Contract vs. Requirements for Tenure
the reality
The Reality

It’s still a “chilly climate” for women in academe” … Be aware of it so that you won’t be blind-sided.

http://dynamic.uoregon.edu/~jjf/chillyclimate.html

http://www.bernicesandler.com

joyce currie little professor computer information sciences towson university
San Diego State, grad ass’t + , THEN Goucher College, CC Dir, Instr; THEN Community College of Baltimore, & during: Chamberlayne Junior College; THEN

Towson University, since 1981 (Founding Department Chair 1984)

Joyce Currie Little, ProfessorComputer & Information SciencesTowson University
teaching in academia what s good what s bad
WHAT A JOY - LOVE IT!

CONTINUING TO LEARN!

KEEPING CURRENT

SCHOLARLY COLLEAGUES

EAGER STUDENTS

HELPING NEXT GENERATION

FLEXIBLE SCHEDULING

A DECENT LIVING

GRADING PAPERS

KEEPING UP-TO-DATE

NOT-SO-EAGER STUDENTS

TOO BUSY - MANY CONTINUING DUTIES

UNPREDICTABLE DEMANDS

GENERATIONAL CHALLENGES, BOTH STUDENTS/FACULTY

A DECENT LIVING

TEACHING IN ACADEMIAWHAT’S GOOD * WHAT’S BAD
problems for women what how
PROBLEMS FOR WOMEN ?WHAT? HOW ??
  • CONFLICTING DEMANDS FOR TIME
  • NOT ALWAYS WELCOMED BY COLLEAGUES
  • ESTABLISHING REPUTATIONS
  • JUGGLING THE VARIETY OF DEMANDS
  • HAVE LOTS OF PERSISTENCE
  • SHOW YOUR CAPABILITIES
  • BE HELPFUL
  • EARN TRUST
  • EXPECT EQUALITY THROUGHOUT
  • LEARN TIME MANAGEMENT
data can help
Data can Help !
  • Demographics, by field, by gender, by rank, by salary
  • Number of eligible qualified graduates by discipline
  • Number of those entering industry
  • Number left who are interested
  • Number who support equity rights
  • Number who encourage others
  • Number serving as mentors
trends and influences
Trends and Influences
  • Corporate leanings in academia
  • Need for flexibility for management
  • Tendency to move to contractual workforce in the professoriate
  • Move to decrease faculty governance rights
  • Move to eliminate tenure
  • Decrease in “permanent” faculty
  • The shift to “professors of the practice”
recommendations
Recommendations
  • Educate new entering faculty about the “professoriate”
  • Mentor new entering faculty (both tenure-track & contractual) to help move them toward tenure
  • Advocate higher percentage of tenured faculty
  • Encourage rights and responsibilities (both) of tenured faculty
  • Work for change in rigidity of policies
policy level help the aaup
POLICY LEVEL HELP: THE AAUP

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS:

POLICY DOCUMENTS AND REPORTS

(THE “RED BOOK”)

  • 1940 STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLES ON ACADEMIC FREEDOM AND TENURE, WITH 1970 INTERPRETIVE COMMENTS
aaup continued
AAUP, CONTINUED
  • 1940 STATEMENT ON GOVERNMENT OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
  • STATEMENT ON PRINCIPLES ON FAMILY RESPONSIBILITIES AND ACADEMIC WORK
  • THE STATUS OF PART-TIME FACULTY
  • ON FULL-TIME NON-TENURE TRACK APPOINTMENTS
  • CONTINGENT APPOINTMENTS AND THE ACADEMIC PROFESSION
  • INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR LEGAL DAMANDS ON FACULTY
  • STATEMENT OF CORPORATE FUNDING OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH
places that help
PLACES THAT HELP
  • ASSOCIATION FOR UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS (AAUP)
  • NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, & COMMITTEE ON WOMEN IN SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND MEDICINE
  • COMMISSION ON PROFESSIONALS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • BY DISCIPLINE: EDUCATOR GROUPS – ACM SIGCSE, MAA, ETC
  • BY DISCIPLINE: WOMEN COLLEAGUES THE WORLD OVER
  • YOUR FAMILY, IF YOU ARE LUCKY!
  • YOUR DAD AND OTHER DAD’S
challenges considerations in choosing a teaching focused position

Challenges: Considerations in Choosing a Teaching-Focused Position

Suzanne Westbrook

Senior Lecturer and Associate Head

University of Arizona (Tucson!)

[email protected]

challenge choosing the right teaching focused position
Challenge: Choosing the Right Teaching-Focused Position
  • About my position
  • Are teaching faculty valued?
  • What indicates value?
  • Opportunities
  • Things to consider
  • Recommendations to Education Leaders
about my teaching position1
About My Teaching Position
  • Background
    • University of Southwestern Louisiana, (now University of Louisiana-Lafayette) PhD in CS, 1998, research in multiparadigm languages
    • Northern Arizona University
      • Lecturer 1993-1998
      • Associate Professor 1998-1999
    • University of Arizona – 1999-now
      • Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Associate Department Head
senior lecturer position at ua
Senior Lecturer position at UA
  • Non-tenure track – focus on undergraduate education
  • PhD preferred
  • Three year renewable contracts (I’m starting my 4th one)
  • No research expectations, but is appreciated (CS Education Res)
  • Teach two courses/semester (TT faculty teach one)
  • No sabbatical!
associate department head
Associate Department Head
  • Primarily over Undergrad program
  • No additional salary, but one course relief per semester
  • Work with faculty, staff, dept head on variety of issues (course scheduling, faculty assignments, student problems, etc.)
  • Run the undergrad TA program
  • More committees, represent department in college and univ.
are teaching focused faculty valued
Are Teaching-Focused Faculty “Valued”?
  • What indicates “value”?
    • Recognized for contributions (teaching, service, research)
    • Rewarded for contributions
    • Opportunities for advancement
    • Opportunities for professional development (travel and workshops)
    • Atmosphere in department
what are the opportunities
What are the Opportunities?
  • Is CS education valued both within and outside the department?
    • Department view of CS education research – does it help with promotion opportunities?
    • Department committees
    • Department leadership roles
    • College/University committees
    • Relationships with industry and community
does a teaching focused position fit you
Does a Teaching Focused Position Fit You?
  • How does this type position fit with your career goals?
    • Do you know your career goals? 
    • Research interests
    • Need for status (respect)
    • Advancement
    • Mobility
    • Family
recommendations to education leaders
Recommendations to Education Leaders
  • Regard CS education research as “real” CS research
  • Include CS teaching-focused faculty even at large institutions
  • Work to get CS included as a core discipline in high schools -> will need CS high school teachers -> will lead to more emphasis on CS teaching faculty at universities and CS education research!
questions

Questions?

Susan Rodger, Duke University

Patricia Joseph, Slippery Rock University

Joyce Currie Little, Towson University

Suzanne Westbrook, Univ of Arizona

[email protected]

references
References
  • K12: Computer Science Teachers Association (CSTA): http://www.csta.acm.org/
resources
Resources

Computing Educators Oral History Project.

http://cs.southwestern.edu/CEOHP/

“The Classroom Climate: A Chilly One for Women?”

http://dynamic.uoregon.edu/~jjf/chillyclimate.html

“Women Faculty at Work . . .”

http://www.bernicesandler.com/id29.htm

references1
REFERENCES
  • Association for University Professors (AAUP). "Contingent Appointments and the Academic Profession." AAUP Redbook. Washington, DC. (Since 1940)

(see http://www.aaup.org)

slide52

References, Cont’d

  • Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology (CPST). Salaries of Scientists, Engineers and Technicians: A Summary of Salary Surveys.
  • Washington DC., 2008. Available at http://www.cpst.org.
references cont d
References, Cont’d
  • National Academy Press. To Recruit and Advance: Women Students and Faculty in Science and Engineering. Washington DC., 2006.
  • Nelson, Cary, "Across the Great Divide," Academe. American Association for University Professors. September-October 2008.
references cont d1
References, Cont’d
  • Plater, William M. “The Twenty-First-Century Professoriate.” Academe. American Association for University Professors. July-August 2008.
references cont d2
References, Cont’d
  • Sandler, Bernice Resnick. “Women Faculty at Work in the Classroom, or, Why It Still Hurts To Be a Woman in Labor.” Available at http://www.bernicesandler.com/id29.htm.
references cont d3
REFERENCES, CONT’D
  • Trower, Cathy A. “Amending Higher Education\'s Constitution." Academe. American Association for University Professors. September-October 2008.
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