Level 1 2 field lacrosse referee clinic
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Level 1-2 Field Lacrosse Referee Clinic. Module #2. The Game. What We Will Cover in This Module. Field DimensionsEquipment TeamsGame Times Player PositionsSubstitution The DrawOut of Bounds. What We Will Cover in This Module. Shots and Scoring on Goal

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Level 1-2 Field Lacrosse Referee Clinic

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Level 1 2 field lacrosse referee clinic

Level 1-2 Field LacrosseReferee Clinic


Module 2

Module #2

The Game


What we will cover in this module

What We Will Cover in This Module

Field DimensionsEquipment

TeamsGame Times

Player PositionsSubstitution

The DrawOut of Bounds


What we will cover in this module1

What We Will Cover in This Module

  • Shots and Scoring on Goal

  • Privileges of the Goalkeeper

  • Awarding Possession

  • Special Situations

  • Definition


What we will cover in this module2

What We Will Cover inThis Module

  • Playing Rules – The Rule Book

    • Administrative/ Procedural Rules

    • Approved Rulings

    • Technical Fouls

    • Personal Fouls

    • Expulsion Fouls


Equipment

Equipment

  • Required Equipment

    • A player must have the following equipment:

      • A legal lacrosse stick

      • Shoes (properly worn)

      • Gloves

      • Helmet (properly fastened)

      • Sweater

      • Mouthguard

      • Shoulder Pads

      • Cup


Equipment1

Equipment

  • Required Equipment

    • A Goalkeeper must have all the above plus:

      • A Chest Protector

      • Throat Guard


Equipment2

Equipment

  • Required Equipment

    • If a player loses any essential equipment (other than his crosse) AND is in the scrimmage area, play shall be blown dead immediately. There is no penalty for this.

    • If they are not in the scrimmage area, then let any scoring play finish (treat like a slow whistle). Then, stop the play and deal with the equipment issue.


Equipment3

Equipment

  • Required Equipment

    • This includes, but is not limited to,

      • A glove that has come off due to play.

      • A chinstrap that has come undone due to play.

      • A shoe that has come off due to play.

      • A mouthguard that has come out due to play.


Level 1 2 field lacrosse referee clinic

R


Substitution

Substitution

  • All player substitutions can take place during the play or at any dead ball

    • All substitutions must be through the “gate”.

    • The substituting player must wait for the player he is replacing, to be completely off the field (subbing player touching sideline before player comes off is not illegal, see AR 46.6).

    • Players must follow offside rules during substitution.

    • Players coming off have the right of way.

      This includes when a penalty is called!


Substitutions

Substitutions


Substitution1

Substitution

  • Dead Ball Substitution

    • During a team time out, after a goal or at the end of a period, players are not bound by the rules of substitution – They can substitute from anywhere on sideline

  • A team does not have to play with 10 players on the field. It is not a foul if a substitute delays entering the field (so long as they do not create an offside situation)


The face off

The Face Off

  • All draws must be taken right handed.

  • Facing at Center:

    • Normally takes place

      • At the beginning of all quarters and overtime periods.

      • After the scoring of a goal.


The face off1

The Face Off


The face off2

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • Each draw man lines up on their own side of center (with his back to his goalkeeper).

    • Places his stick on the ground parallel to but not touching the center line

    • The ball is centered between the heads of both sticks in the middle of the centre line.


The face off3

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • Both gloved hands must be to the left of the head of the crosse and wrapped around the shaft.

    • Both feet must be to the left of the head and behind the throat of the crosse, with neither foot touching the crosse.

    • Both feet must be on the ground and in the player’s defensive half of the field.

    • The faceoff man’s head must be to the left of the crosse.


The face off4

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • The handle of the crosse may not touch the centre line.

    • The hand of the faceoff man must not touch the head (any plastic) of the crosse.


The face off5

The Face Off


The face off6

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • Now let’s watch the video on faceoff mechanics.


The face off7

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • Your direction to the players should be

      • “Down.”

    • It is the players’ responsibility to take legal positions.

    • Say, “Set” with the whistle in your mouth, remaining perfectly still. There are no hand movements.

    • Blow the whistle to start play.

    • Once you have said “Set” you can then call a player for illegal procedure for an illegal faceoff position.

    • If this is the case ask the players to stand up, signal the call and award possession.


The face off8

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • Once the drawmen are positioned, the referee says, “Set”. The drawmen may not move their sticks or gloves (all other movement is fine) until the whistle is blown.

    • The drawmen may:

      • Draw the stick forward, sideways or backwards

      • Clamp the ball (momentarily)

      • Flip the ball

      • Legally check his opponent

      • Kick the ball


The face off9

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • The drawmen may not:

      • Withhold the ball from play

        • Clamping too long

          • Once the player has secured the ball he must put it into play

        • Lying on the ball


The face off10

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • The drawmen may not:

      • Kick through his own or his opponents crosse

      • Hold or interfere with his opponent, including clamping down on hands or stick


The face off11

The Face Off

There are more severe penalties now for some illegal actions during faceoffs,

Grabbing the opponents crosse with the hand or fingers

Using the free hand to touch or pickup the ball.

Using the fingers, while still holding his crosse, to pickup the ball.

All of the above are personal fouls for unsportsmanlike conduct.


The face off12

The Face Off

  • Draw with Blue Player clamping the ball.

  • Legal or not?

E-Lacrosse.com


The face off13

The Face Off

  • Illegal DrawThe black player is kicking his opponents stick.

  • Legal or not?


The face off14

The Face Off

  • Illegal DrawThe White player is grabbing his opponents stick with his fingers.

  • Legal or not?


The face off15

The Face Off

  • Illegal DrawThe White player has raised his back hand to gain an advantage.

  • Legal or not?


The face off16

The Face Off

Ball stuck in back of throat of stick

- Blow whistle immediately to stop play.

Award the ball to the non-offending team.


The face off17

Red Coach’s Walk

Blue Coach’s Walk

The Face Off

Wing Line

  • The wing players can line up anywhere behind, and within the wing area

V

H

Blueis illegally lined up

The “Gate” (Substitution Area)


The face off18

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • The wing line middies may:

      • Legally check their opponents within 9 feet of a loose ball.

      • Play the loose ball.

      • Legally check the drawmen once the ball is out from between the drawmen’s sticks, and the drawmen are not crouched in a “vulnerable” position.

        • Penalize heavily (minimum 2 minutes) for checks on drawmen that are vulnerable – Unnecessary Roughness.


The face off19

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • The wing line middies may not:

      • Be on, over or outside the wing line prior to the whistle.

      • Change positions with players that are restrained in either the offensive or defensive areas prior to possession.

        • They can enter those areas, but another player cannot release until possession.


The face off20

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • The wing line middies may not:

      • Reach in and attempt to play the ball while it is between the drawmen’ssticks.

      • Make any contact with the drawmen or their sticks while they are in faceoff position.


The face off21

The Face Off

  • Face Off Procedure

    • The players in the offensive or defensive zones may:

      • Reach over the line to play the ball with their stick.

        • A restrained player is in violation when any part of his body, including his gloves, but not including the stick touches on or over the line.

      • Check their opponent within 9 feet of a loose ball.


The face off22

The Face Off

  • We need a couple of volunteers to demonstrate the draw.


The face off23

The Face Off

  • We need a couple of volunteers to demonstrate the draw.


The face off24

The Face Off

What do I do when:

Q. The ball goes out of bounds directly? (You can not tell who last touched ball)

A. Reface at center.

Q. The ball is knocked out by a drawman attempting to direct it?

A. Possession to the other team at center.


The face off25

The Face Off

Q. The ball deflects out after touching a winger?

A. Possession to the other team at the point where the ball went out (5 yards in from the sideline at the substitution gate only).

Q. The ball goes out of bounds and the referee cannot determine which winger last touched it?

A. Face off 20 feet from the sideline where the ball went out.


The face off26

The Face Off

Q. A player is injured prior to possession?

A. Re-draw at center.

Q. The Ball goes into either attack goal area?

A. Crank your arm and shout “Free Ball”.

Q. A Player in the restraint area legally reaches over and picks up the ball?

A. Legal Play – Crank your arm and Call “Possession”.


The face off27

The Face Off

Q. A blue player holds or pushes Red from behind on the face off?

A. Whistle play down and award Red possession of the ball at the point where the ball was when the whistle went. ‘Play on’ might be used here.Note that the players in the restraint areas are not released until the whistle to restart play.


The face off28

The Face Off

  • Face Offs In Other Parts Of the Field

  • Try to avoid having if at all possible as:

    • It slows down the game.

    • Source of possible confrontation that could be avoided.

  • All non center draws must:

    • Take place at least 20 feet from a sideline or end line and 20 yards from a goal.

    • Not have players other than the drawmen within 10 yards (30 feet) of the draw until the whistle has blown.

    • Teams must obey the offside rule.


The face off29

The Face Off

  • Procedure:

    • Stop the clock!

    • Place the ball on the ground.

    • Line up the defensive player with his back to his goalkeeper and his stick perpendicular to his goal.

    • Bring in the other drawman (as per center draw).

    • Trail referee ensures that no players are within 10 yards of the draw.

    • Get in position quickly, say. “Set,” and blow the whistle.


The face off30

The Face Off

  • R2 (Lead) takes the draw.

  • R1 comes in to help cover the goal and to help with player positioning who must be back 30 feet from the draw.

  • Drawmen are lined up with the defensive drawman’s back to his goal.


Man down faceoff

Man–down Faceoff

When a team is man-down and there is a faceoff at centre the team has the right to choose which area will not be filled, but they must obey the offside rule.


Man down faceoff1

Man–down Faceoff

Blah

Blah

Blah


Man down faceoff2

Man–down Faceoff


Man down faceoff3

Man–down Faceoff

If a centre faceoff is about to take place and a penalty is about to expire the player has the right, once the penalty has been released to try and get to the proper area, if they choose to.

The following dialogue should be followed on this and any penalty release. Please remember to instruct your timer’s to use this language.


Man down faceoff4

Man–down Faceoff

A player whose penalty has expired has the right to enter the field if he feels he can legally do so.

The timer should follow this script whenever releasing a penalty:

Timer: “3, 2, 1, release.”

Player: “Can I go?”

Timer: “Ask your coach.”


Man down faceoff5

Man–down Faceoff

Until the whistle has blown to start play he may attempt to get to any area that he chooses to.

Once the faceoff referee has been given an OK signal from his partner, he should continue to conduct the faceoff as they normally would.

If the player chooses to enter the field it is his responsibility to make it to the required area in time.


Man down faceoff6

Man–down Faceoff

If the bench side wing area had a player in it (from the same team as the penalized player) and the whistle has blown to start play, it is a technical violation for the released player to enter the field prior to possession or free ball being called.


Man down faceoff7

Man–down Faceoff


Man down faceoff8

Man–down Faceoff

If the bench side wing area is open and the whistle has blown to start play, the released player may enter the field prior to possession or free ball being called.


Man down faceoff9

Man–down Faceoff


Out of bounds

Out of Bounds

  • The ball is considered out of bounds when:

    • The ball, or, the player carrying the ball:

      • Touches a boundary line.

      • Touches the ground outside the boundary line.

      • Touches something out of bounds (i.e. spectator, football/soccer posts).

      • It has irretrievably left the field - i.e The ball could not realistically be played.


Shot on goal

Shot On Goal

When the offensive team takes a shot on goal the “On” referee (the one closest to where the shot came from) shall yell, “Shot”.

If the ball goes out of bounds on a shot, then the team that is legally closest to the ball, where and when the ball goes out, is awarded possession of the ball.

It is not the closest to the endline!


Shot on goal1

Shot On Goal

  • A shot remains a shot until:

    • It goes out-of-bounds.

    • It comes to a stop on the field of play.

    • A player gets possession of the ball

    • A player deliberately causes the ball to go out-of-bounds

  • A deflected shot is still a shot.

  • A player must be in bounds, and have all of the required equipment, to be considered eligible as the “closest” player to the ball

    • The player’s stick is not be used when judging who is closest. It’s the closest body part that counts.


Shot on goal2

Shot On Goal

If shot is called in error, then quickly correct the call by shouting “Not a shot” (i.e. you realize that it is a pass and not a shot).

Never call, “Pass”. Only use this after the whistle as a point of clarification.


Shot on goal3

Shot On Goal

What do I do when:

Q. The shot hits the pipe and deflects out of bounds at the center line?

A. Award possession to the closest player when and where the ball goes out.

Q. The ball hits a player or his stick then goes out?

A. It is still a shot. Award possession to the closest player when the ball goes out.


Shot on goal4

Shot On Goal

Q. The ball is rolling towards the sideline. As the blue player tries to pick the ball up he pushes it out of bounds?

A. Award possession to the red team.

Q. As the ball crosses the endline, both players are equidistant

A. Have a face off. Try to avoid this if at all possible.


Scoring

Scoring

A goal is scored when a ball crosses the plane of the goal.

The ball does not have to be loose when it crosses the plane of the goal.


Scoring1

Scoring

  • If a goalkeeper, while in possession of the ball, breaks the plane of the goal it is a goal.


Scoring2

Scoring

Q The Red player throws his stick in the blue goal with the ball in it.Goal or No Goal?

A No Goal – Red Technical Foul for throwing his stick.

Q A longstick in possession of the ball extends his stick into the opposing crease causing the ball to cross the goal line while still in his stick.

A Goal.


Scoring3

Scoring

  • A goal will be cancelled if:

    • The time has expired prior to the ball crossing the plane of the goal.

    • Any referee blows his whistle (even an inadvertent whistle).

    • Any attacking player is in the crease(for any reason – even if pushed in illegally).

    • Too many attack players are on the field.


Scoring4

Scoring

  • A goal will be cancelled if:

    • The attacking team is offside.

    • Too many attacking team long sticks are on the field.

    • The goal is scored with an illegal or broken stick.

    • When the head of the shooter’s crosse comes off during the shot or follow through.


The designated goalkeeper

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • The Designated Goalkeeper has a special set of rules that relate to the crease, and are there for the protection of the goalkeeper.

  • The Designated Goalkeeper is defined as:

    • The player who is wearing the mandatory goalkeeper protective equipment.


The designated goalkeeper1

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • The Designated Goalkeeper must wear all of the required equipment and

    • A throat guard.

    • A chest protector.


The designated goalkeeper2

The Designated Goalkeeper

The Goalkeeper is deemed to be inside the crease when any part of his body is touching inside the crease (crease line included).

Any other defensive player in the crease does not have the privileges of the Designated Goalkeeper.


The designated goalkeeper3

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • The Goalkeeper must serve their own fouls unless the designated defender is being used.

    • If not using designated defender, call a 30 second Referee time-out to allow the team time to substitute a new Goalkeeper. No warm up is to be allowed.

    • If using the designated defender, relay the call, have the DD serve the foul. No time out called.


The designated goalkeeper4

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • The Goalkeeper may:

    • Stop the ball with his hand, stick or body.

    • Play the ball without his stick inside his crease.

    • Bat the ball with his hand. He cannot close his hand on the ball.


The designated goalkeeper5

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • The Goalkeeper may:

    • Receive a pass in the crease (no rule against passing “back-in” any number of times).

    • Go over the center line, however the defensive team is subject to the offside rule.

    • Pass or roll the ball inside the crease and go back in and pick it up. Only once per team possession.


The designated goalkeeper6

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • The Goalkeeper (or any defensive player) may not:

    • Carry the ball back into the crease.

    • Hold onto the ball for more than 4 seconds in the crease. A player who deliberately drops the ball and regains possession to circumvent this rule shall be assessed a technical foul.

    • Possession is deemed to have started when the goalkeeper traps the ball inside the crease with their stick, or has control of the ball in their stick inside the crease.

    • Play with a broken stick.


The designated goalkeeper7

The Designated Goalkeeper

The goalkeeper, while in his crease, has lost his stick. A shot is taken and he stops it.

Ruling: Legal play.


The designated goalkeeper8

The Designated Goalkeeper

If the goalkeeper loses his stick while outside of the crease he must retrieve it before returning to the crease.

The act of returning to the crease without his stick is a technical foul.


The designated goalkeeper9

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • An attacking player may:

    • Play a loose ball that is in the crease, provided that they do not initiate any contact with the Goalkeeper, or his stick, or stand in the crease.

    • Check any defensive player (other than the goalkeeper) that is in the crease, and in possession of the ball.

    • Check the part of the Goalkeepers stick that is outside of the crease provided that the Goalkeeper does not have possession of the ball.


The designated goalkeeper10

The Designated Goalkeeper

A.Illegal – technical foul. The goaltender has one foot in the crease so is considered in the crease.

Q. The Blue goalkeeper has the ball in his possession and has one foot in the crease and one foot out. The red attackman checks the goalkeepers stick. Legal or illegal?


The designated goalkeeper11

The Designated Goalkeeper

Q. The Blue goalkeeper is standing in the crease and has possession of the ball in his stick outside the crease. The Red attackman checks the stickLegal or illegal?

A.Illegal - technical foul. The goaltender is considered in the crease, so cannot be checked at all.


The designated goalkeeper12

The Designated Goalkeeper

Q. The Blue goalkeeper is standing in the crease with his stick outside the crease and does not have possession of the ball. The Red attackman checks the stick within 9’ of a loose ball.Legal or illegal?

A.Legal - The part of the goaltender’s stick that is outside the crease can be checked provided he does not have the ball.


The designated goalkeeper13

The Designated Goalkeeper

Q. The Blue goalkeeper is standing in the crease with his stick clamped on the ball outside the crease. The Red attackman checks the stick. Legal or illegal?

A.Legal. The goalkeeper’s stick can be checked outside the crease provided he does not have the ball. A clamped ball outside the crease is not deemed to be possession.


The designated goalkeeper14

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • The Blue Goalkeeper is standing in the crease with his stick clamped on the ball outside the crease. He rakes the ball back, and as it touches the crease line, the Red attackman checks the stick. Legal or illegal?

    AIllegal – Technical Foul The goalkeeper is deemed to be in possession when the ball is clamped inside the crease.


The designated goalkeeper15

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • The Blue Goalkeeper is standing in the crease and is attempting to make a clearing pass. As he makes the pass, with the ball still in the stick, he makes contact with the Red attackmen’sstick. Legal or illegal?

    AIllegal – Technical Foul The goalkeeper is entitled to clear the ball without interference.The ball must be in possession for a foul to have occurred. Look and see if the ball was still in the stick when contact was made.


The designated goalkeeper16

The Designated Goalkeeper

Q. The Blue Goalkeeper has the ball in his possession, and has one foot in the crease, and one foot out. As he fakes the pass, he lifts his back foot from the crease, then puts his foot back down inside the crease.Legal or illegal?

  • Illegal – Technical Foul The goalkeeper is deemed to have left the crease when he raised his back foot. No part of him was touching the crease. Illegal re-entry with the ball.

  • Ball goes to Red.


The designated goalkeeper17

The Designated Goalkeeper

  • Q. The Blue Goalkeeper has lost his stick and is in his crease. Red takes a shot and it is stopped by the goalkeeper.

    A. Legal –The goalkeeper, while in his crease, can take part in play.


The designated goalkeeper18

The Designated Goalkeeper

A. Illegal –The goalkeeper, while outside his crease, cannot take part in play. He must recover his stick before he does anything.

Q. The Blue Goalkeeper, has lost his stick and is OUTSIDE his crease. Red takes a shot and it is stopped by the goalkeeper.


The designated goalkeeper19

The Designated Goalkeeper

Q. The Red attackman is running towards the goal. He takes a shot and scores. His momentum carries him into the Blue crease.Goal, or No Goal?

E-Lacrosse.com

Goal! As long as the shot was taken from outside the crease, and the ball crossed the plane prior to the Red player entering the crease.


Awarding possession

Awarding Possession

  • Possession is never awarded:

    • Within 15 feet of ANY player, even from the same team. No hidden ball trick to start play.

    • Within 20 yards of a goal except:

      • If any ball (shot or not) goes out on the end line.

    • Warn opposing players to get back on a free play. Make sure the offensive player is standing still in order to get that 15 feet.


Awarding possession1

Awarding Possession


Awarding possession2

Awarding Possession

Possession must never start in the crease.

If awarding a Goalkeepers ball (i.e. ball stuck in the goalkeepers equipment), then it can be awarded to any defensive player 20 yards away and parallel to the goal.


Definitions

Definitions

  • Loose ball

    • A ball not in possession of a player or team.

  • Player Possession

    • When a player has control of the ball and can perform the normal functions of passing, cradling or shooting the ball.


Definitions1

Definitions

  • Team Possession

    • When a player from that team has possession of the ball as defined above.

    • When the ball is in the air between two players from the same team, it is considered possession.


Definitions2

Definitions

  • Goalkeeper’s Possession

    • A goalkeeper is deemed to have possession when he has control of the ball and can perform the normal functions of passing, cradling or shooting the ball.

    • A ball clamped inside the crease by the goalkeeper is deemed to be a ball in possession.


Definitions3

Definitions

  • Pass

    • The movement of the ball caused by the player in control throwing, bouncing or rolling the ball to a teammate.

  • Ball In Flight

    • When the ball is in the air between two players from the same team, it is considered possession.

    • This is important in many situations including possession at the end of a quarter, calling a time out, technical fouls.


Special situations

Special Situations

  • Ball caught in the uniform.

    • Play stops immediately and the ball is faced off.

    • Exception - Goalkeeper in his crease. Award ball to the defensive team 20 yards laterally from the crease.


Special situations1

Special Situations

  • Ball in possession at the end of a quarter or overtime with a man up situation.

    • The team that has the ball at the end of a quarter in a man up situation retains possession in the same relative position of the field to start the next quarter.

    • If the ball is in flight between two players of the same team when time expires, they are deemed to be in possession.


Special situations2

Special Situations

  • Ball caught in the stick.

    • Whistle play down immediately and award the ball to the non-offending team.

    • Exception - Goalkeeper in his crease. Award ball to the defensive team 20 yards laterally from the crease


Special situations3

Special Situations

  • Ball mired in the mud OUTSIDE the crease.

    • Whistle play and have a draw.

  • Ball mired In the mud INSIDE the crease.

    • Whistle play and award to defensive team 20 yards laterally.


Special situations4

Special Situations

Ball caught in the netting.

  • Ball is awarded to the defensive team 20 yards laterally from the goal.

    • Make sure the ball is ensnared in the net and not just sitting on top of the goal, as it can still be played by the attack team.


Special situations5

Special Situations

Exchanging sticks

If legally on the field:

- can exchange sticks

- cannot throw stick (warn first time)

At sideline:

- must step off field into gate


Special situations6

Special Situations

  • Bleeding

    • If a player has wet or dried blood on their clothes, equipment, or skin, play is suspended immediately.

      • The player must leave the field (or use a team time out if available).

      • The player cannot return until the flow of blood is staunched and the blood is washed off.


Overtime

Overtime

  • If the game is tied at the end of regulation playing time, then two periods of overtime shall be played. The following procedure shall apply:

    • i) 5 minute break, teams change ends.

    • ii) Both periods start with a face off (man down rules will apply if necessary).

    • iii) Each overtime period is 4 minutes, 2 minute break in between.

    • iv) The teams will change ends between the 2 overtime periods.

      Play the full two periods regardless of goals scored.


Sudden death overtime

Sudden Death Overtime

  • If the game is tied at the end of overtime, then sudden death overtime shall be played. The following procedure shall apply:

    • i) 1 minute break, coin toss to determine end.

    • ii) Play will start with a face off (man down rules will apply if necessary).

    • iii) Sudden death overtime periods are 4 minutes, no break in between.

    • The team that had possession at the conclusion of a sudden death period will start the next period with possession in the same relative position (subject to normal procedure).


Sudden death overtime1

Sudden Death Overtime

  • If the ball was loose at the conclusion of a period the ball will be faced in the same relative position of the field

  • iv) The teams will change ends at the conclusion of each period.

    This procedure will continue until a goal is scored.


Penalties

Penalties


Penalties fouls

Penalties/Fouls

The Canadian Lacrosse Association (CLA) men’s field lacrosse rulebook is the same as the FIL rule book for men’s field lacrosse, with a few minor but important adjustments.

It should be consulted often. There is no substitute for an in-depth knowledge of the rules, and their application.

All fouls are defined and often have “approved rulings” (A/R’s) that help to interpret the rule. A/R’s carry the same weight as a rule.


Penalties fouls1

Penalties/Fouls

  • There are three types of fouls (penalties)

    • Technical Fouls

    • Personal Fouls

    • Expulsion Fouls


Penalties fouls2

Penalties/Fouls

Technical Fouls


Penalties fouls3

Penalties/Fouls

  • Technical Fouls

    • Are those fouls of a less serious nature

    • The foul can be served either by:

      • Serving a 30 second penalty.

        OR

      • Awarding possession to the non-offending team.


Penalties fouls4

Penalties/Fouls

  • Technical Fouls

    • All technical fouls to the team that gets scored on cancel, including those serving and those about to be called on a slow whistle (delayed penalty).

    • Simultaneous technical fouls cancel. The team that had possession at the time of the first foul maintains possession. If the ball was loose at that time of the first foul, have a draw.


Penalties fouls5

Penalties/Fouls

Interference – Rule 52


Penalties fouls6

Penalties/Fouls

  • Interference – Rule 52

    • Cannot check more than 9’ off a loose ball

    • Cannot interfere with a defender checking the ball carrier – i.e “Moving Picks”

    • Cannot guard so closely as to prevent free movement of an opponent without the ball.


Penalties fouls7

Penalties/Fouls

Push–Rule 53


Penalties fouls8

Penalties/Fouls

  • Push – Rule 53

    • Cannot push from the rear with either the stick or body.

    • You are able to hold a player off with equal pressure by using the forearm or the hands closed together on the stick. You cannot push the player out.


Penalties fouls9

Penalties/Fouls

Illegal Pick – Rule 54


Penalties fouls10

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Pick – Rule 54

    • Must be stationary and motionless at the point of contact. No swaying.

    • Cannot occupy more space that the player’s normal shoulder width. No extending arms, legs or butt.

    • If extending the stick, the player must let the player move through the stick. No holding with the stick.

    • Cannot guard so closely as to prevent free movement of a non ball carrier – Ride only.


Penalties fouls11

Penalties/Fouls

Holding - Rule 55


Penalties fouls12

Penalties/Fouls

  • Holding – Rule 55

    • Cannot hold a player or his crosse.

    • Cannot step on an opponent’s crosse or their foot.

    • Watch for contact made with the free arm – (i.e. Hand on the back when making a check).


Penalties fouls13

Penalties/Fouls

  • Holding – Rule 55

    • Cannot hook an opponent with the stick.

    • Able to hold a player with equal pressure(i.e. an offensive player is backing into a defender.)

    • The defender can hold his position, but cannot push the player away from himself.


Penalties fouls14

Penalties/Fouls

  • Cross Check Hold – Rule 55.2

    • Cannot hold an opponent or his crosse with the shaft of the stick between the player’s hands.

E-Lacrosse.com


Penalties fouls15

Penalties/Fouls

Kicking the Crosse

Rule 56


Penalties fouls16

Penalties/Fouls

  • Kicking the Crosse – Rule 56

    • Cannot deliberately kick, or step on an opponents crosse.

    • Cannot kick through your own crosse to make contact with the opponents crosse. This is generally seen on draws, but applies all over the field.

    • Watch for players fighting for a ball. If a players foot inadvertently makes contact with his opponents crosse, this is not a foul.


Penalties fouls17

Penalties/Fouls

Handling the Ball

Rule 57


Penalties fouls18

Penalties/Fouls

  • Handling the Ball – Rule 57

    • Also referred to as Illegally Touching the Ball.

    • A player may not touch the ball with their hands, except for the Designated Goalkeeper in his crease.

    • A ball bouncing off a player’s glove is not a foul, unless they attempted to direct the ball to gain an advantage.

    • Note the exception during faceoffs


Penalties fouls19

Penalties/Fouls

With-Holding the Ball From Play - Rule 58


Penalties fouls20

Penalties/Fouls

  • With-Holding The Ball From Play – Rule 58

    • Cannot withhold the ball from play in any manner including:

      • Laying on a loose ball on the ground.

      • Trapping a ball on the ground with their stick longer than is necessary to control the ball and to pick it up. Should be picked up in one continuous motion.

      • Holding the ball in close proximity to prevent the dislodgement of the ball.


Penalties fouls21

Penalties/Fouls

  • With-Holding The Ball From Play – Rule 58

    • Cannot withhold the ball from play in any manner including:

      • A player with possession cannot grasp any portion of the head of their stick with their hand for the purpose of withholding the ball.

      • Watch for players thumbing the ball.

      • Remember, the goalkeeper can trap the ball in the crease (Subject to the 4 second count), but cannot trap outside the crease.

      • Clamp down on opposing drawman’s hands or stick.


Penalties fouls22

Penalties/Fouls

Illegal Actions With The Crosse - Rule 59


Penalties fouls23

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Actions with the Crosse–Rule 59

    • Cannot throw the crosse under any circumstances.

    • Cannot take part in play without a crosse.

    • Cannot exchange a crosse with someone off the field except through the gate.

    • A broken crosse is considered no crosse.


Penalties fouls24

Penalties/Fouls

Illegal Actions By Team Officials - Rule 59


Penalties fouls25

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Actions By Team Officials–Rule 60

    • Applies to all non playing personnel.

    • Cannot enter the field, except during team time-outs and between periods.

    • The coach or training staff may attend to an injured player only when called on by an official.

    • Using artificial aids for communication.

    • Must stay in the coaches walk and not enter the substitution or scorers area.

    • Cannot go past the restraining line.


Penalties fouls26

Penalties/Fouls

Illegal Procedure - Rule 61


Penalties fouls27

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Procedure – Rule 61

    • This is a catch all penalty that covers a wide area of the rules.

    • If you are unsure of what to classify a technical penalty as, use this foul.


Penalties fouls28

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Procedure – Rule 61

    • Illegal Substitution

      • The substitute enters the field before the man he is replacing has left the field of play.

      • Entering the field before the penalty time has expired.

        • If it is thePlayer’s fault, the player serves unexpired time plus additional 30 seconds.

        • If the Timekeeper’s fault, the player serves only the unexpired penalty time.


Penalties fouls29

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Procedure – Rule 61

    • Illegal Substitution on penalty (cont.)

      • If the offended team scores, the goal counts, and any unexpired time is wiped out.

      • If the offending team scores, the goal is disallowed. The Player serves unexpired time and an additional 30 seconds.


Penalties fouls30

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Procedure – Rule 61

    • Delay of Game

      • A player who deliberately bats, kicks or throws the ball away (can also be unsportsmanlike conduct).

      • A team who is not ready to restart play after a time out, or to begin a period.

      • A team who is not ready to restart play 30 seconds after the scoring of a goal.

      • A team who is not ready to restart after a foul is called, an out-of-bounds stoppage or for an equipment adjustment.

      • All “Team” fouls are served by the In-home.


Penalties fouls31

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Procedure – Rule 61

    • Too Many Long Sticks – Rule 45.6

      • A team cannot have more than 4 long sticks in the game while the ball is live.

      • The “Head Coach” can “request” a long stick count, at any time during the game.

      • If number of sticks is 4 or less, there is no foul to the coach who requested the stick count. For every subsequent request for a stick count that is found to be legal then a technical foul will be assessed.


Penalties fouls32

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Procedure – Rule 61

    • Participating in play while out of bounds.

    • Not having the required number of players in the designated areas at a center face off.

    • Leaving the attack goal area (restraint area) prior to possession.

    • Failure to give 10 yards on face offs in other parts of the field.

    • Failure to give 5 yards on any free play.

    • Any crease violation.


Penalties fouls33

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Procedure – Rule 61

    • Any illegal substitution.

    • Any call for a time out when either they are not entitled, or do not have any left.

    • Too many men on the field.

    • Players illegally in the coaches walk, or more than 4 coaches in the coaches walk.


Penalties fouls34

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Procedure – Rule 61

    • Playing without a stick.

    • Warding off with a free arm.

    • More than 4 long sticks on the field at any time when the ball is live.


Penalties fouls35

Penalties/Fouls

Stalling – Rule 62


Penalties fouls36

Penalties/Fouls

  • Stalling – Rule 62

    • Can, and should be called at any point in the game where it is obvious that a team is not making a reasonable effort to attack their opponents goal.

    • Can be called anywhere on the field.

    • A team who is short handed due to penalties cannot be guilty of stalling.

    • A team who holds the ball in their attack goal area cannot be guilty of stalling.


Penalties fouls37

Penalties/Fouls

  • Stalling – Rule 62

  • Warning repeated when:

    • Dead ball situation.

    • Attacking team recovers a loose ball.

    • Attacking team is illegally forced out of zone.

    • Defender deflects ball out of zone, attacker recovers.


Penalties fouls38

Penalties/Fouls

Illegal Crosse - Rule 63


Penalties fouls39

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Crosse - Rule 63

    • Any strings hanging longer than two inches

    • Request for a stick check must be made by the opposition. Referees do not initiate this call.

    • First offence – technical foul – player adjusts the stick until it conforms to the rules.

    • Second offence same player – Technical Foul –and the stick is removed to the timer’s bench. It does not have to be the same stick as the first call.

    • Do not use this for trick stringing or trick construction.


Penalties fouls40

Penalties/Fouls

Illegal Crosse - Rule 63

Deep Pocket

First offence – Technical Foul

Second offence same player – Technical Foul – and the stick is removed to the timers bench. It does not have to be the same stick as the first call.


Penalties fouls41

Penalties/Fouls

Illegal Equipment - Rule 64


Penalties fouls42

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Equipment - Rule 64

    • Any equipment that does not conform to the rules as outlined in the book (i.e. illegal gloves, illegal helmet or facemask, duplicate jersey numbers).

    • First offence – no foul– player adjusts the equipment until it conforms to the rules.

    • Second offence same player – Technical Foul It does not have to be the same equipment as the first call.


Penalties fouls43

Penalties/Fouls

CLA Only

  • Failure to wear shoulder pads, mouth guard or cup.

    • First offence –the player is given a 1 minute Unsportsmanlike Conduct Penalty

    • Second offence to the same player, regardless of which equipment is missing:

      Banished from the game with no further penalty to the team.


Penalties fouls44

Penalties/Fouls

Offside - Rule 65


Penalties fouls45

Penalties/Fouls

  • Offside - Rule 65

    • Must keep 4 men in the defensive half and 3 men in the offensive half at all times.

    • In a short-handed situation, a team can elect to bring a man up to the wing line for a faceoff, but the team must remain onside at all times.

    • If a team has more than 3 men in the penalty box, they must keep 3 men in the attack half.

    • If a goal is scored, and both teams are offside – No goal – draw 20 yards from the cage.


Penalties fouls46

Penalties/Fouls

Thrusting The Crosse In The Face of An Opponent Rule 66


Penalties fouls47

Penalties/Fouls

  • Thrusting Crosse at the Face of an Opponent - Rule 66

    • Cannot push, thrust or flick the stick at an opponents face or head.

    • Used often by attack players trying to screen the goalies, or long sticks trying to interfere with the man they are covering.


Penalties fouls48

Penalties/Fouls

Avoidable Lateness – Rule 67


Penalties fouls49

Penalties/Fouls

  • Avoidable Lateness - Rule 67

    • Where a team is not ready to start at the appointed time (start of the game, beginning of a quarter).

    • Other team to start the game with the ball at center. If a time-served penalty is to be served, the In-home shall serve it.

    • If there is a dispute, the visiting team is to come out of the dressing room first.


Penalties fouls50

Penalties/Fouls

Grasping Head Of Stick – Ball In Stick Rule 58.3

Intent is to penalize players with-holding ball from play

Not to be applied for merely adjusting head of stick


Penalties fouls51

Penalties/Fouls

Personal Fouls


Penalties fouls52

Penalties/Fouls

  • Personal Fouls

    • Penalties of a more serious nature.

    • Penalties are always time served.

    • Can be of 1, 2, or 3 minutes in length depending on the severity of the infraction.

    • Personal Fouls are not released by a goal. The penalized player must serve the complete penalty.


Penalties fouls53

Penalties/Fouls

  • Personal Fouls

    • Players who accumulate 5 Personal Fouls “foul out”, and cannot take any further part in the game

      • Don’t confuse with 5 minutes of penalty time.

      • Fouling out is not the same as an expulsion.

    • The offended team shall get possession at center if the foul occurred:

      • Prior to the start of the game.

      • After the scoring of a goal.

      • After a quarter or overtime period ends.


Penalties fouls54

Penalties/Fouls

Illegal Body Check Rule 70


Penalties fouls55

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Body Check – Rule 70

    • Must make contact from the front, and between the shoulders and hips.

    • If the defensive player turns after the checker was committed, then nofoul.

    • Cannot check a player while he is lying on the ground, or who is down on one or both knees.

    • Blocking an opponent with their head (spearing with the helmet) is illegal.


Penalties fouls56

Penalties/Fouls

  • Illegal Body Check – Rule 70

    • Cannot body check a player who is not in possession of the ball or is not within 9 feet of a loose ball.

    • Watch for hip checks – Illegal – Make sure the offensive player did not jump to make would have been a legal check, illegal.

    • Must have two hands on the stick to check if using the arms as part of the check – i.e the forearm.


Penalties fouls57

Penalties/Fouls

Slashing – Rule 71


Penalties fouls58

Penalties/Fouls

  • Slashing – Rule 71

    • Any swing with “deliberate viciousness and reckless abandon”.

    • The stick must be in control at all times.

    • The stick does not have to make contact to be considered a slash.

    • The hands are considered part of the stick and can be checked.

    • Must be a definite blow – mere contact is not a slash.


Penalties fouls59

Penalties/Fouls

  • Slashing – Rule 71

    • Stick-check can either be a slap or poke.

    • Watch that the checker does not follow though into the opposing player’s mid-section like a “spear”.

    • The defensive player can block an opposing player’s stick, but cannot ward off.

    • Follow-through of a shot is a legal play – no slash.

    • Watch for checks up around the head or neck.


Penalties fouls60

Penalties/Fouls

Cross-Checking –

Rule 72


Penalties fouls61

Penalties/Fouls

  • Cross-Checking – Rule 72

    • Cannot check the opposing player with any part of the stick between the hands.

    • Cannot thrust or extend the stick between the hands to make the check.

    • Watch and make sure that players are not leading or punching the opposing player with the hands closed.


Penalties fouls62

Penalties/Fouls

  • Cross Check – Rule 72


Penalties fouls63

Penalties/Fouls

Tripping- Rule 73


Penalties fouls64

Penalties/Fouls

  • Tripping- Rule 73

    • A player shall not “intentionally” trip an opponent with his crosse or body.

    • The offended player does not have to fall down in order for it to be a trip.

    • Just because a player trips over a stick does not make it a foul. There had to be some sort of intent to gain an advantage.


Penalties fouls65

Penalties/Fouls

Unnecessary RoughnessRule 74


Penalties fouls66

Penalties/Fouls

  • Unnecessary Roughness – Rule 74

    • Any avoidable and intentional act which is “excessively” violent.

    • Deliberately running through a pick or screen.

    • Excessively violent pushing or holding.

    • This is a good “catch all” for when you do not need to call a fight (an expulsion).

    • Use 2-3 minute penalties accordingly.


Penalties fouls67

Penalties/Fouls

Unsportsmanlike Conduct - Rule 75


Penalties fouls68

Penalties/Fouls

  • Unsportsmanlike Conduct – Rule 75

    • No player or team official shall:

      • Enter into an argument with an official.

      • Attempt to influence the decision of an official.

      • Use threatening or profane or obscene language.

      • Commit any act that the referee deems as unsportsmanlike.

      • Repeatedly commit the same technical foul.


Penalties fouls69

Penalties/Fouls

  • Unsportsmanlike Conduct – Rule 75

    • No player shall use a stick of trick construction or stringing, including:

      • Sticks too long or short.

      • Sticks that have been altered from the manufacturers’ original specifications (i.e shaved walls, pinched heads.

      • Automatic 3 minute penalty, and the stick is removed to the scorer’s bench for the remainder of the game.


Penalties fouls70

Penalties/Fouls

  • Unsportsmanlike Conduct – Rule75

    • Use 2-3 minute penalties accordingly

      Any player who, after being called for an unsportsmanlike foul, continues to act in an unsportsmanlike manner can be banished. This is not an expulsion foul and there is no further penalty.


Penalties fouls71

Penalties/Fouls

Expulsion Foul

Rule 77


Penalties fouls72

Penalties/Fouls

  • Expulsion Fouls – Rule 77

    • Five Instances where you may assess an Expulsion:

      • Fighting.

      • Intent to Injure.

      • Any player who is the “third” man into a fight.

      • Refusal to accept the authority of the official or the use of foul or abusive language.

      • Foul and abusive language ‘can/may/does’ include racial and sexually abusive or derogatory language.”


Penalties fouls73

Penalties/Fouls

  • Expulsion Fouls – Rule 77

    • One instance where you must assess an Expulsion:

      • Players or team personnel pushing past an official in order to join in a fight, or who leave their designated bench area.

      • An exception to this shall be a member of a team’s medical staff who leaves his team’s designated bench area to attend to an injured member of his squad.


Penalties fouls74

Penalties/Fouls

  • Expulsion Fouls – Rule 77

    • Players are suspended for the remainder of the game.

    • A substitute (generally the In-home & others if necessary) serves 3 minutes or more.

    • A Special Incident Report is to be filed with the appropriate authorities.

    • Do not discuss any possible suspension scenarios with the player, or any team officials.


Execution of penalties

Execution of Penalties

  • Serving Time Served Fouls

    • The penalized player must run off and raise his stick above his head, until he reaches the penalty area.

    • The penalized player must remain in the penalty area for their entire penalty. They may not go to their bench, even if they will be substituted for. However, they may leave during team time outs, but must return to finish serving their penalty.


Execution of penalties1

Execution of Penalties

  • Serving Time Served Fouls

    • Penalty time begins when: The player sits down in the penalty seat AND when play is resumed.

    • This procedure is often not handled correctly by the penalty timekeepers.

    • Penalty time will stop if the player stands up from the penalty chairortakes off required equipment.


Execution of penalties2

Execution of Penalties

  • Serving Time Served Fouls

    • Play is resumed only after all flags are picked up, and the officiating crew is ready to go. Look at your partners before starting.

    • Players may exchange their sticks on the field between one another. Do not allow them to throw their sticks. Warn first, then penalize for repeated offences.

    • If a penalty is assessed after a goal or after a period ends, the penalty will start on the whistle to re-start play.


Execution of penalties3

Execution of Penalties

  • Free Clear

    • A free clear is awarded only if the foul is time served, and the penalty occurred in the offended team’s defensive half of the field.

    • Move the ball directly forward across center line. Do not move to the Center “X”.

    • A free clear is not awarded on simultaneous fouls.


Execution of penalties4

Execution of Penalties


Execution of penalties5

Execution of Penalties

  • Play-On Technique

    • Is used on loose ball, technical fouls only to help speed up the game.

    • If the offended team would be disadvantaged by blowing the whistle, then the referee will:

      • Verbally and visually call “Play On”.

      • Wait to see if the offended team gains possession of the ball. If so, play continues.

      • If possession is not gained, then whistle play down and award the ball to the offended team.


Execution of penalties6

Execution of Penalties

  • Play-On Technique

    • If the offended team commits a foul, then the whistle is blown, and the usual simultaneous foul rules apply.

    • Do not let the play-on go on too long, the advantage should be immediate.

    • Make sure you call the play-on loud enough for all to hear. This will cut down on the benches thinking that you have chosen not to call the loose ball foul.


Execution of penalties7

Execution of Penalties

Play-On Example:

The ball is loose near the centre line.

A Blue player illegally pushes a Red player, causing him to go into an off-side position.

It looks as if the Red player could pick up the ball, step back on-side, and go to the Blue goal.

Ruling: The referee yells “Play-on”.


Execution of penalties8

Execution of Penalties

  • Slow Whistle (Delayed Foul) Procedure

    • Is used when the team in possession is fouled and in the opinion of the referee a scoring play is imminent.

    • Throw a flag to signify a delayed foul.

    • The slow whistle can be used anywhere on the field.


Execution of penalties9

Execution of Penalties

  • Slow Whistle (Delayed Foul) Procedure

    • The “scoring play” is considered to have been completed when:

      • The attack team loses control of the ball.

      • The attacking team has clearly lost the opportunity of scoring a goal on the originalplay.

      • The ball goes behind the attack goal twice.

        • If started behind the play is only allowed once behind.


Execution of penalties10

Execution of Penalties

  • Slow Whistle (Delayed Foul) Procedure

    • The “scoring play” is considered to have been completed when:

      • The attacking team takes a shot.

      • The ball hits the pipe or goalie, and then hits any other player other than goalkeeper.

      • The ball comes out of the attack goal area.


Execution of penalties11

Execution of Penalties

  • Slow Whistle (Delayed Foul) Procedure

    • The attack team must be making an attempt to go to the goal and score – imminent opportunity.

    • A bounce or rolling pass is a legal pass. So, before blowing play dead, make sure that when the ball hits the ground, it was not indeed a bounce or rolling pass between two teammates.

    • If a flag is thrown in error, then the team in possession maintains possession; otherwise, if the ball was loose, have a draw.


Simultaneous fouls

Simultaneous Fouls

  • Simultaneous Fouls

    • Fouls are considered simultaneous if they are not separated by:

      • a whistle that starts play.

      • a goal.

      • the end of a period.


Simultaneous fouls1

Simultaneous Fouls

  • Simultaneous Fouls

    • All technical fouls cancel one another, no matter how many there are to either team.

    • If the ball is loose and you have simultaneous technical fouls, draw the ball.

    • If the ball is in possession, and the technical fouls are simultaneous, then the team who had the ball at the time of the first foul, retains possession.

      NoFree Clear.


Simultaneous fouls2

Simultaneous Fouls

  • Simultaneous Fouls

    • If at least one of the fouls is a personal, or an expulsion, then all the fouls (technicals included) are time served and:

      • The team with the least penalty time gets possession of the ball where it was at the time of the whistle.

      • If the times are equal, than the team that had the ball at the time of the first foul retains the ball. If it was loose, then have a draw where the ball was at the time of the whistle.


Simultaneous fouls3

Simultaneous Fouls

  • Simultaneous Fouls

    • Mechanic for calling Simultaneous Fouls

      • Whistle play down when the second foul is committed. It may be a good idea to stop the clock.

      • Signal visually and verbally that the fouls are simultaneous (hands clasped behind the head).

      • Inform the affected players.

      • Inform the timekeepers bench.

      • Restart play.


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