A history of uganda
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A History of Uganda. Course Overview. Notes Uganda: The Basic Facts Before European Contact The Colonization Period World War I The Interwar Years and World War II Post World War II and Independence Obote , Amin, and Museveni. Notes. Used 2 texts Not a historian Hard to combine

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A History of Uganda

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A history of uganda

A History of Uganda


Course overview

Course Overview

  • Notes

  • Uganda: The Basic Facts

  • Before European Contact

  • The Colonization Period

  • World War I

  • The Interwar Years and World War II

  • Post World War II and Independence

  • Obote, Amin, and Museveni


Notes

Notes

  • Used 2 texts

  • Not a historian

  • Hard to combine

  • Not my research

  • Focus on Buganda

  • Somewhat skimpy information on recent times – and little from the 2000s on


Uganda the basic facts

Uganda: The Basic Facts

  • Kingdom map

  • General location

  • Overview of geography and climate

  • The Ugandan border, as in many post-colonial nations, is the invention of European colonizers.

  • Unusually, however, is that the border corresponds to ancient kingdoms and political regions; it just smushed them all together.


The emergence of kingship

The Emergence of Kingship

In the Inter-lacustrine Region


Clans

Clans

  • Combine kinship, exogamy, shared symbols, & rules of solidarity

  • Members dispersed throughout the country

  • Clans do not consist of a true genealogical imprint

  • Social identities that allow one to be situated in relation to others, to find friends everywhere & benefit from their hospitality & support

  • Differs in form in different countries

  • Largely similar across the inter-lacustrine region; the exception is Buganda

  • Buganda:

    • Between 40 and 50 clans – ebika

    • Subclans – masiga

    • Major lineages – mituba

    • Minor lineages - enyiriri

  • Fulfill and integrating function

  • For a long time, the fundamental basis for identity

  • Prominence of the Lungfish Clan (Mmamba clan) – holds many ritualistic & political positions – canoe fleet admiral was from the Mmamba Clan; current Kabaka is from the Mmamba Clan; also Nyika Victor

  • Clans tied to the monarchy / central power

  • Bataka- clan heads – had a protective function, especially in regards to property; as clans dispersed, this became less real

  • Clan sanctuaries


Clan names and totems

Clan Names and Totems

  • Some names:

    • Nkima – Red-tailed Monkey

    • Mmammba – Lungfish

    • Nte – Cow

    • Ffumbe – Civet Cat (Walusimbi)

    • Nseenene – Grasshopper

  • Clan totems – primary & secondary

  • Clan prohibitions

  • Clan traditional roles

  • Clan mottoes

  • Last name reflects one’s clan: Namutebi belongs only to women of the Mmammba Clan

  • (First name often denotes whether one is Catholic, Protestant, or Muslim; Old Testament and Italian names tend to be Catholic; New Testament & British names tend to be Anglican; etc.)


The cwezi myth

The Cwezi Myth

  • Cwezi myth – similar origin stories amongst peoples of the inter-lacustrine region

  • Archaeological evidence  the emergence of political poles or centers between the 11th and the 16th centuries  at one point, some sort of somewhat cohesive political identity

  • 18th century – Bunyoro declines & Buganda expands


The bugandan origin story

The Bugandan Origin Story

  • Buganda origin myth – Kintu

    • Placed at the head of around 20 sovereigns

    • That would place him around the beginning of the 13th century

  • See Chretien


Relationship between the clans and the kabaka

Relationship Between the Clans and the Kabaka

  • “…the external origin of these two founders – the sky for Kintu and Kitara for Kimera – instead affirms the superiority of kingship, at the kabaka level, over the power of the clans.”

  • “…kingship emerged through a compromise between a new authority of a strongly religious nature, and a network of influential clans.”

  • Different characters in the origin myth represent different clans

  • Every new kabaka was proclaimed “father of the clan chiefs [sebataka]”

  • Certain clans had roles in the enthronement ceremony (Lungfish (Mmamba), Pangolin, Mushroom, Cercopith Monkey [Nkima = Tim] & Colobus Monkey); other traditional roles related to the monarchy

  • When a kabaka is enthroned, he is “slowly infused” with the force of his father under the supervision of the clan ritualists

  • Less reliance on clans as time goes by

  • Each kabaka belongs to his mother’s clan (opposite for the rest of society), so as to share power, at least symbolically, amongst the different clans (remember, exogamy = you can’t marry someone from your own clan)

  • Most clans in Buganda have had a turn as the Queen Mother / Kabaka’s clanship

  • Ceremonies stooped in the 18th century under the KabakaNamugala

  • Replaced with an initial ritual honoring Kintu on the ritual hill Naggalabi & managed by the Lungfish and Pangolin Clans

  • Milton Obote, the President (read: dictator) in the 1980s abolished the monarchies

  • Came into use again in 1993 when the monarchy was restored

  • “…the royal institution was everywhere embedded in a network that controlled the supernatural, managed by clans whose history went back…” (Chretien, 132)

  • Religion based on Buganda’s version of the Bacwezi cult bolstered kingship but also could be used as grounds to objecting to bad behavior (aka, it was a political “currency”)

  • Later on, after colonization, Buganda’s Christianized elites envisioned the Kabaka as a secular power, and this idea for many years eclipsed the religious dimension of this institution (153)


The formation of monarchial states

The Formation of Monarchial States


The shores of lake victoria the rise of buganda

The Shores of Lake Victoria: The Rise of Buganda


The functioning of the monarchy the political capitals

The Functioning of the Monarchy: the Political Capitals


Managing the kingdoms territories commands and prestations

Managing the Kingdoms: Territories, Commands, and Prestations


Colonial trusteeships and reconstructions of tradition

Colonial Trusteeships and Reconstructions of Tradition


The search for the sources of the nile a british endeavor

The Search for the “Sources of the Nile”: A British Endeavor


The christian missions dreaming of a second ethiopia

The Christian Missions: Dreaming of a Second Ethiopia


The colonial partition diplomacy cartography and local politics

The Colonial Partition: Diplomacy, Cartography, and Local Politics


Opening to the world and an ecological and demographic crisis

Opening to the World and an Ecological and Demographic Crisis


The ugandan model indirect rule

The Ugandan Model: Indirect Rule


Uganda the pearl of the empire

Uganda: “The Pearl of the Empire”?


1914 1939

1914-1939


World war i and the invention of mandates

World War I and the Invention of Mandates


Dissent and buganda separatism

Dissent and Buganda Separatism


The closer union proposal

The Closer Union Proposal


The rise of nationalism and independence

The Rise of Nationalism and Independence

1939 - 1963


Regained independence and the obsession with genocide

Regained Independence and the Obsession with Genocide


In general

In General


Uganda a republic and its kingdoms

Uganda: A Republic and Its Kingdoms


1953 the kabaka crisis

1953: The Kabaka Crisis


Museveni s regime

Museveni’s Regime


Post wwii trends in east africa

Post-WWII Trends in East Africa


Recolonization

“Recolonization”


World war ii and east africa

World War II and East Africa


Popular discontent in buganda

Popular Discontent in Buganda


The kabaka crisis

The “Kabaka Crisis”


National politics buganda separatism

National Politics & Buganda Separatism


First elections

First Elections


Towards independence

Towards Independence


Lukiko elections in buganda

Lukiko Elections in Buganda


General elections of 1962

General Elections of 1962


The colonial economy

The Colonial Economy


Independent east africa

Independent East Africa

1960s to 1990s


Trends

Trends


Independence dependency

Independence & Dependency


Economic dependency

Economic Dependency


European and asian minorities

European and Asian Minorities


Closer union again

Closer Union (Again)


Dominance of kenya

Dominance of Kenya


The east african community eac

The East African Community (EAC)


In summary

In Summary


Cooperation conflict w buganda

Cooperation & Conflict w/ Buganda


Political turmoil the kabaka s downfall

Political Turmoil & the Kabaka’s Downfall


Uganda s new republic

Uganda’s New Republic


Obote s fall and the amin dictatorship

Obote’s Fall and the Amin Dictatorship


Post amin uganda

Post-Amin Uganda


Uganda s foreign affairs

Uganda’s Foreign Affairs


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