. The progressive consist of two parts: a helping verb and the present participle of a main verb, which ends in
2. The progressive consist of two parts: a helping verb and the present participle of a main verb, which ends in –ing in English:
helping verb present participle/main verb
3. To form a present participle in Spanish . . .
1. drop off the –ar and add –ando
hablar = habl- + -ando ? hablando
tomar = tom- + -ando ? tomando
2. drop off the –er or –ir and add –iendo
comer = com- + -iendo ? comiendo
escribir = escrib- + iendo ? escribiendo
4. Remember to use the INFINITIVE!!!!
If I tell you to change
to the progressive, the answer is
You can’t drop the “-o” off “hago” and put on the ending; you have to go back to “hacer” and drop the “-er” off.
5. Stem-Changing Verbs If you remember, as was mentioned in the last slide, to go back to the infinitive, -ar and –er verbs won’t be a problem for you:
vuelve ? está volviendo (inf.: volver)
piensa ? está pensando (inf.: pensar)
However, -ir stem-changing verbs don’t work like that. Instead, the last e in the infinitive becomes an i:
pedir ? pidiendo pide ? está pidiendo
sentir ? sintiendo siente ? está sintiendo
And the last o in an –ir stem-changing verb becomes a u:
dormir ? durmiendo duerme ? está durmiendo
6. There’s one type of verb that undergoes a spelling change. A spelling rule of Spanish is that an “i” that gets stuck between two other vowels becomes a “y” (unless it has an accent mark over it):
leer = le- + -iendo ? *leiendo* ? leyendo
creer = cre- + -iendo ? *creiendo* ? creyendo
7. In Spanish, the helping verb is “estar”:
(he) is talking
If you’re told to change a verb to the progressive, it absolutely MUST have a form of “estar” with it:
hablas ? estás hablando
comemos ? estamos comiendo
escriben ? están escribiendo
If you fail to include “estar” on the test, you’ll lose ½ point for every single one! That means about 5 points total!
9. The progressive emphasizes that the action is going on at this moment in time.
“Hablo” can mean “I speak” or “I am speaking,” but “estoy hablando” means clearly that I am speaking right now.
10. Following are some exercises. Describe what each person is doing at the moment. Write the answer on your own paper.
Click here to go to your homework exercise.