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Unit 8 Vocabulary. The Civil War and Reconstruction. s tate’s rights. rights held by the states that place limits on the implied powers of the federal government over state governments. secede. to formally withdraw from an organized body. sovereignty. c omplete power and authority.

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unit 8 vocabulary

Unit 8 Vocabulary

The Civil War and Reconstruction

s tate s rights
state’s rights

rights held by the states that place limits on the

implied powers of the federal government over

state governments

secede
secede

to formally withdraw from an organized body

sovereignty
sovereignty

complete power and authority

regiments
regiments

a military unit made up of a number of

battalions, or groups, of troops

ironclads
ironclads

ships used during the Civil War that were heavily

armored with iron plates

drafted
drafted

required to serve in the military

m artial law
martial law

rule by the military instead of the usual civil

authorities

freedpeople
freedpeople

former slaves who have been freed from slavery

suffrage
suffrage

voting rights

civil rights
civil rights

individual rights guaranteed by the Constitution

impeach
impeach

to bring charges against a public official

scalawags
scalawags

name given to southerners who supported

Reconstruction for personal economic gain

c arpet baggers
carpet baggers

Northerners who moved to the South after the

Civil War; so called because they often carried

all they owned in bags made of carpet

segregation
segregation

Forced separation of whites and African

Americans in public

tenant farmers
tenant farmers

people who rent land to grow crops

sharecroppers
sharecroppers

farmers who lacked land and necessary supplies

and thus promised a large part of their crop to

the landowner in exchange for these items

sectionalism
sectionalism

excessive devotion to local interests and

customs

blockades
blockades

the isolation of a nation, area, city, or harbor by

hostile ships or forces in order to prevent the

entrance and exit of traffic and commerce

reconstruction
Reconstruction

The post-Civil War era from 1865 to 1877; the

U.S. re-admitted the southern states to the

Union and the federal government implemented

policies affecting southern states

amendment
amendment

a change made to the U.S. Constitution

allegiance
allegiance

loyalty to a nation or cause

emancipation
emancipation

the act of freeing someone from the control of

another

proclamation
proclamation

the act of announcing something officially or

publically

vigilantism
vigilantism

the act of taking matters in to one’s own hands

and out of the hands of the law

federalism
federalism

a system in which power is distributed between

the central or federal government and smaller

state or local governments

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