The collapse of the second party system
Download
1 / 16

The Collapse of the Second Party System - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 1071 Views
  • Updated On :

The Collapse of the Second Party System. Jeremy Butts, Cady Gresham, Ben Kelly, Kyle Tinkham. Introduction. William Perce was last president to hold office during the second party system Second Party System- Wigs against democracy. The Kansas-Nebraska Act.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Collapse of the Second Party System' - kipp


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The collapse of the second party system l.jpg

The Collapse of the Second Party System

Jeremy Butts, Cady Gresham, Ben Kelly, Kyle Tinkham


Introduction l.jpg
Introduction

  • William Perce was last president to hold office during the second party system

  • Second Party System- Wigs against democracy


The kansas nebraska act l.jpg
The Kansas-Nebraska Act

  • Pierce signed this act at the end of May 1854

  • It was advance of Midwestern settlement

  • Nebraska becomes a territory

  • Stephen A Douglas had ideas of a Pacific railroad and organization of Nebraska as ways to promote a continuous line of settlement between the Midwest and the Pacific.


The kansas nebraska act con l.jpg
The Kansas-Nebraska Act (con.)

  • The Nebraska bill “superseded” the Missouri Compromise and rendered it “void.”

  • Nebraska was split into two territories-Kansas and Nebraska

  • The act gave no restrictions on slavery.


The surge of free soil l.jpg
The Surge of Free Soil

  • Free soilers opposed slavery on moral grounds and rejected racist legislation

  • Others were racist who opposed allowing any African-Americans, Slave or free, into the west.

  • Free soilers believed the Kansas-Nebraska Act was a move to spread slavery to entire north


The ebbing of manifest destiny l.jpg
The Ebbing of Manifest Destiny

  • The uproar over the Kansas-Nebraska Act embarrassed the Pierce administration and doomed manifest destiny, the one issue that the democrats were held together.

  • 1853- emissary James Gadsen, negotiated the purchase of a strip of land in Mexico.

  • Fierce opposition to the purchase showed suspicion of expansion.


The ebbing of manifest destiny con l.jpg
The Ebbing of Manifest Destiny (con.)

  • The senate only approved the treaty after taking 9 thousand square miles out of the purchase

  • 1854- John A. Quitman planned a filibuster to seize Cuba from Spain.

  • Pierce forced Quitman to abandon such filibusters as a conspiracy to Manifest Destiny


The ebbing of manifest destiny con8 l.jpg
The Ebbing of Manifest Destiny (con.)

  • October 1854 American Ambassadors to Great Britain, France, and Spain issued the unofficial Ostend Manifesto, calling on the U.S. to acquire Cuba by any means including force.

  • Upset over the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Pierce rejected the mandate.


The ebbing of manifest destiny con9 l.jpg
The Ebbing of Manifest Destiny (con.)

  • Tennessee born adventurer William Walker led a succession of filibustering expeditions into Central America

  • Made himself chief political there

  • Reinstituted slavery

  • Talked of making Nicaragua a U.S. colony


The whigs disintegrate l.jpg
The Whigs Disintegrate

  • Kansas-Nebraska Act wrecked the Whig party

  • Northern Whigs want to blame democrats (sounds like Tinkham) for the act to entice free-soil democrats to their side

  • In state and congressional elections of 1854, democrats were defeated

  • The Whigs failed to benefit


The whigs disintegrate con l.jpg
The Whigs Disintegrate (con.)

  • Northern Whigs deeply divided between antislavery (Conscience) Whigs and conservations that were convinced that they must obey to the Compromise of 1850 to maintain itself as a national party

  • Anti-Slavery Whigs wanted to look for a different party

  • By 1856 the new Republican party would become the home for most of these northern refuges from the traditional parties


The rise and fall of the know nothings l.jpg
The Rise and Fall of the Know-Nothings

  • evolved out of a secret nationalist organization, the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner

  • The Know-Nothings were a political party that lasted about 10 years

  • They advocated the abolition movement

  • They had many former Whigs in the party

  • Mainly in the North

  • They got their names from the response of the members, when asked about its party’s activities, they would respond “I know nothing”


The origins of the republican party l.jpg
The Origins of the Republican Party

  • Created in the aftermath of the Kansas-Nebraska Act

  • Started in the Northern States

  • Won in every election from 1860-1880

  • Almost did not make it as a party

  • They lasted only because of the violence in Kansas

  • Republicans were anti-slavery


Bleeding kansas l.jpg
Bleeding Kansas

  • Supporters and opponents of slavery converged in Kansas

  • Many pro-slavery advocates voted illegally in 1855 election

  • Eventually there was bloodshed


Bleeding kansas con l.jpg
Bleeding Kansas (con.)

  • Pottawatomi Creek Massacre (1856)

    • John Brown (abolitionist) and others abducted five pro-slavery supporters

    • The men were murdered


The presidential election of 1860 l.jpg
The Presidential Election of 1860

  • Candidates

    • Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrat)

    • John Breckinridge (Southern Democrat)

    • Abraham Lincoln (Republican)

    • John Bell (Constitutional Union)

  • Lincoln won the election and Seven states seceded.

    • South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas


ad