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Analysis of EU MRP/DCP procedures regarding to generic applications. Dr.Raimonds Lozda, FMS Baltic Ltd. EU Authorities. EU-Commission. Enterprise DG(Enterprise Directorate-General) Unit F2: Pharmaceuticals Regulatory framework and Market authorisations.

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Analysis of EUMRP/DCP procedures

regarding togeneric applications

Dr.Raimonds Lozda, FMS Baltic Ltd


EU Authorities


Enterprise DG(Enterprise Directorate-General)

Unit F2: Pharmaceuticals

Regulatory framework and Market authorisations

EMEA The European Agency for the Evaluation of

Medicinal Products

CPMP Committee for Proprietary Medicinal


National Regulatory Authorities


AIMS of the EU-Commission

– Ensure a high level of protection of public health

– Bring about a single market in pharmaceuticals

– Foster a stable and predictable environment for

pharmaceutical innovation


Regulatory policy and tasks of the EC

– Ensure appropriate standards of consumer protection

– Maintain, update and simplify EU pharmaceutical legislation

– Draft new legislation

– Provide guidance on pharmaceutical legislation and ensure

that it is properly implemented within the EU

– Support the mutual recognition of national marketing


– Check that centralised authorisations comply with community law and turn the EMEA opinion into a binding decision for all the Member States (issue the authorization)


Legally binding acts and „soft laws“

Legally binding acts:

• Regulation (e.g. EEC No. 2309/93)

• Directive (e.g. 2001/83/EC)

• Decision (e.g. N°74/1999)

„Soft laws“:

• Resolution

• Communication (e.g. 98/C229/03)

• Guideline (e.g. GCP, GMP, GLP)

• Notice to Applicants (e.g. Notice to

Applicants NTA)


Regulation vs. Directive

Regulations (EEC) no. 726/2004(EMEA):

– Binding legislation which automatically enters

into force in all Member States

Directives 2004/27/EC and 2004/24/EC

– Require transposition into national law

(normally within 18 months) leaving to national

authorities decision as to form and means for

achieving desired aim of law


Legally binding acts regulating MRP/DCP MA legislation in the


In 2001 a comprehensive reform of the EU pharmaceutical legislation,

commonly referred to as “Review 2001” took place.

The following directive was published:

Directive 2001/83/EC on human medicines including rules for marketing

authorisation (MRP and DP), authorisation procedure, manufacture and importation, labelling, pharmacovigilance as well as advertising


Review 2001

Objectives of the review:

– guarantee a high level of public health protection for Europeans

– create basic legal conditions for improving the competitiveness of the European pharmaceutical industry

– meet the challenge of EU-enlargement

– rationalise and simplify the medicines authorisation systems


Finalisation of the “Review 2001”

• Regulation 726/2004 Community procedures for authorisation of medicinal products for human and veterinary use – centralised procedure (replaces Regulation 2309/93)

• Directive 2004/27/EC amending Directive 2001/83/EC related to medicinal products for human use

• Directive 2004/24/EC amending Directive 2001/83/EC related to traditional herbal medicinal products

– The most parts of the regulation came in force on 20 November 2005

– all EU member states had to implement the revised directives by 30 October, 2005


Objectives for the finalisation:

– New measures to eliminate the remaining obstacles to free movement

– Revision of MRP: Formalisation of Cooperation between Member States

– Clear definition of medicinal products to avoid “borderline” products

– Clear position, which products have to be authorised by centralised procedure

– Renewal and invalidity of marketing authorisation after granting of MA

– Harmonisation of data protection

– Facilitating the access of generics to the market

– Specialities for bio-similars

– Quality aspect for MP was enlarged to requirements on active substances

– Proper use of medicinal products


Which procedures are possible for generics ?

Mutual Recognition Procedure (MRP)

Decentralised Procedure (DCP)


What is a generic medicine in EU ?


“reference medicinal product” shall mean a medicinal

product authorised under Article 6, in accordance with

the provisions of Article 8;

“generic medicinal product” shall mean a medicinal product which has the same qualitative and quantitativecomposition in active substances and the same pharmaceutical form as the reference medicinal product, and whose bioequivalence with the reference medicinal product has been demonstrated by appropriate bioavailability studies. The different salts,

esters, ethers, isomers, mixtures of isomers, complexes or derivatives of an active substance shall be considered to be the same active substance, unless they differ significantly in properties with regard to

safety and/or efficacy. In such cases, additional information providing proof of the safety and/or efficacy of the various salts, esters or derivatives of an authorised active substance must be supplied by the applicant. The various immediate-release oral pharmaceutical forms shall be considered to be one and the same pharmaceutical form. Bioavailability studies need not be required of the applicant if he can demonstrate that the generic medicinal product meets the relevant criteria as defined in the appropriate detailed



What is Data Exclusivity ?

Data Exclusivity guarantees market protection forbranded pharmaceuticals by preventing healthauthorities from accepting applications for genericmedicines during a given period (6 or 10 yearsafter the first authorisation in the EU of theoriginator product).


Data exclusivity in EU

• for all MA-application after the 20.11.2005:

– The new data protection is valid:

• 8 + 2+ 1 for all products - independent of the approval procedure:

• 10 (8+2) years market exclusivity

8 years data protection and receive a MA – the generic MAH is not allowed to place his product on the market until 10 years

have expired

• 11 (8+2+1) for a new indication with a significant clinical benefit in comparison with existing therapies, a year

supplementary protection is given


What is Bolar Provision?

A “Bolar” provision allows all development, testing and

experimental work required for the registration of a

generic medicine to take place before expiry of the term

of the patent protection of the original product.

EU generic companies are forced to develop their

products in countries with Bolar provisions and then

import after patent expiry.

Bolar implentation in some countries – UK

October 2005, DE September 2005, IT March 2005

LV March 2007.



If a national marketing authorisation exists, only the Mutual Recognition Procedure is possible

What does it mean ?

If you have a MA in one or more countries and in order to get a MA in

some other country the only possibility is : MRP


MRP exceptions

… except

• Medicinal products subject to the centralized procedure

• Line-extensions for non-harmonized products approved by

national procedures (Only PL,LT possible ?)

• Medicinal products not yet reviewed, e.g. products under reevaluation (No such products presently)

• Homeopathic products


What are MRP difficulties ?

RMS – reference member state

Presently all EU national Agencies dealing with MRP are booked till 2009

Points to consider

• Scientific expertise and knowledge in the therapeutic area

• Reputation in the regulatory community

• Reliability

• Duration of assessment

• Good project management and co-ordination skills

• Transparency of communication

• Market size of RMS (1st approval offers the chance for an early

entry into a big market)


CMS- concerned member state

Applications in Concerned Member States

The applications must be submitted to the competent

authorities of all CMS accompanied by the following


• the dossier is identical to that approved by the RMS

• the Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) is


• dossier and SPC as submitted are identical for all CMS


MRP flow-chart

~ 330 days total


MRP process description

– Submission of the dossier (CTD, SPC, PIL, label) only in the Reference Member State (RMS) for national marketing authorisation

– after 210 d: first marketing authorisation: RMS sends assessment-report to Concerned Member State (CMS); national process

– In further 90 days resolution and agreement to dossier and final SPC

– Further national marketing authorisation in 30 calendar days (translation etc)



Generic Case Study



If no marketing authorisation exists, the decentralised procedure can be choosen if the authorisation is planned in more than one Member State


MRP flow-chart

~ 210 days total


DCP process description

– Submission of the dossier (CTD, SPC, PIL, label) in the RMS and all CMS

– After 210 days: national marketing authorisations in RMS and CMS


What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

Validation of the dossier according to NTA

1) Preparation of dossier - Language


What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

Validation of the dossier according to NTA

1) Preparation of dossier – number of copies

EE Modules 4 and 5 should be provided on CD-ROM version only. Paper copy should be available on request

LT Mutual Recognition Procedure where LT acts as CMS: a paper copy of 1&2 modules +all modules on CD-ROM

LV Additional copy of all modules on CD – ROM


What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

Validation of the dossier according to NTA

2) Samples, mock-ups

EE in the presentation authorised in RMS

LV 2 samples in the form of final sales presentation of the medicinal product


What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

Validation of the dossier other issues


1) When and where to pay ?

2) What documents support payment ?

Reference product

Brand name issues


What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

During the procedure

Strict follow to timeframes set in procedure

The duration of the clock stop can be stronglyinfluenced by the applicant !!!


What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

During the procedure

„User test“ (Art. 59 (3) and 61(1) on the patient information has to be done –

• here the tests only in one EU-language is necessary –the result has to be presented in English


What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

During the procedure

What is the User test ?

The action which increases the cost of MA

“The package leaflet shall reflect the results of consultations with target patient groups to ensurethat it is legible, clear and easy to use” and

“The results of assessment carried out …with target patient groups shall also be provided to thecompetent authority”


What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

National phase

Almost never completed within 30 days MRP and 90 DCP

  • Not only the SPC but also the package leaflet (PL) and labelling has to be identical
  • – the „blue box“ concept will allow adequate national information like national marketingauthorisation number, special warnings
  • proposals of labelling, patient information and summary of product characteristics has to besubmitted in one language for applications for marketing authorisation
  • - the translations of the agreed SPS, PL and labelling have to be submitted at latest 5 daysafter the end of the procedure to the national competent authorities

What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

National phase

On the packaging the name of the product has to be printed in Braille-format

• Mock-ups of the packaging including the Braille signs have to be submitted with theSmPC

Check the product - hospital or not


What are main threats in MRP, DCP ?

National phase

Common Baltic Pack – reality ?


„blue box“ too big.


MRP, DCP tips and tricks

What to do if you have a product you want to sell to different clients ?

Multiple applications

Same dossier (photocopies)

• Same legal basis Art 8.3 (i) or Art 10.1 Dir 2001/83/EC

• Different trade names

• Same or linked applicant or different applicant


MRP, DCP tips and tricks

What to do if a product was under MRP/DCP but you want to add one country

where is no MA ?

Find a company which will Apply as MAH and after granting transfer MA


Key lessons from MRP,DCP

  • To go your own is not the cheapest way
  • Local contact in each country is mandatory
  • Paper work is too complicated that SOPs (Standart Operation Procedures)
  • on spot are of high relevance

Contact details:

E-mail: [email protected]