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RESEARCHED ILLUSTRATION ESSAY (a.k.a. Example Essay). 2008 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. ASSIGNMENT. Write a journal on AYK regarding a presidential candidate. Then, research that particular person. Research = official Web sites our college library’s databases (NO Wikipedia). ASSIGNMENT.

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assignment
ASSIGNMENT
  • Write a journal on AYK regarding a presidential candidate.
  • Then, research that particular person.
  • Research =
    • official Web sites
    • our college library’s databases
    • (NO Wikipedia)
assignment1
ASSIGNMENT
  • Then, in a Classic Illustration/Example Essay, you will argue for or against ONE of the remaining (as of 2/1/08) contestants.
    • For whom should you vote?
    • For whom should you not vote?
  • Specifics on the format are below.
databases
DATABASES
  • Britannica Online
  • Biographies Plus (Wilson Web)
  • CQ Researcher
  • Opposing Viewpoints
  • EBSCO
  • History Reference
  • Lexis-Nexis
  • Ethnic Watch
  • Gender Watch

depts.luzerne.edu/library

official web sites
OFFICIAL Web sites
  • http://mccain.senate.gov
  • http://www.ronpaul2008.com
  • http://www.mikehuckabee.com
  • http://obama.senate.gov
  • http://clinton.senate.gov
  • “Their Works, Their Wishes, Their Words” (decent & recent newspaper article: online)
candidates
CANDIDATES

REPUBLICANS

Sen. John McCainRep. Ron PaulGov. Mike Huckabee

candidates1
CANDIDATES

DEMOCRATS

Sen. Barack ObamaSen. Hillary Clinton

essay format
ESSAY FORMAT

INTRODUCTION

  • Introduce your subject.
    • Generalization *
    • Quotation
    • Question
    • Quip
    • Statistic
  • Get us on the topic of the 2008 presidential elections.
    • Lately, no matter where we turn, we are inundated with coverage of the 2008 presidential elections.
essay format1
ESSAY FORMAT

INTRODUCTION

  • Narrow towards your thesis:
    • “some”
    • “others”
    • Some Americans are ignoring the issues, the candidates, and the election process as a whole.
    • However, other citizens are quite involved with the election process, either actively campaigning for someone or passively following the coverage.
essay format2
ESSAY FORMAT

INTRODUCTION

  • End with a strong thesis statement:
    • topic + main idea + support (3 reasons)
    • clearly and succinctly state your claim or argument (What is your position?)
    • clearly and succinctly announce your 3 reasons
  • For whom to vote (+ because).
  • For whom not to vote (+ because).
essay format3
ESSAY FORMAT

BODY

  • 3 Body paragraphs
  • 1 reason per paragraph
  • 1 (at least) example per reason
essay format4
ESSAY FORMAT

BODY

  • NAME the reason:
    • Topic + Main Idea + Reason #?
  • EXPLAIN the reason:
    • “That is” or “In other words”
  • ILLUSTRATE the reason:
    • specific examples to illustrate this reason
  • JUSTIFY the reason:
    • “warrant statement” (“thus” or “therefore”)
essay format5
ESSAY FORMAT

BODY

  • Begin each Body paragraph with a Topic Sentence:
    • refer to the previous reason (s) as you segue to this reason
    • repeat 2/3 of your thesis statement + this reason
      • “name the reason”
    • “Another reason the death penalty should be enforced isits cruelty.”
    • * “In addition to its expediency and its cost-effectiveness, the most important reason the death penalty should be enforced is its cruelty.”
essay format6
ESSAY FORMAT

BODY

  • Then, briefly explain the reason:
    • re-word it, clarify it
    • “explain the reason”
    • “In other words” or “That is to say”
    • the naming and the explaining should consist of no more than 3-4 sentences
    • so...be brief
essay format7
ESSAY FORMAT

BODY

  • Support that 1 reason with specific and relevant examples (It is the Example essay!):
    • be specific:
      • somebody doing something
      • concrete details
    • be relevant:
      • examples should be clear,
      • pertinent, germane, related to the reason/point
    • “illustrate the reason”
    • TRANSITIONS: “For example” or “For instance”
essay format8
ESSAY FORMAT

BODY

  • End each Body paragraph with a Warrant Statement:
    • “Thus,” “Therefore”
    • relate the evidence back to your point, to your topic sentence
    • justify this example:
      • Why is it relevant to your point?
      • How does it help prove your reason?
      • SO WHAT?!
essay format9
ESSAY FORMAT

CONCLUSION

  • Refer to your opening.
  • Repeat your thesis and main points.
  • Discuss where this issue is to go from here.
  • End with an appropriate Clincher Sentence.
essay format10
ESSAY FORMAT

WORKS CITED

  • proper header
    • last name-page number
  • Works Cited:
    • centered
    • no <u>, no <i>, no <b>, no all caps
essay format11
ESSAY FORMAT

WORKS CITED

  • Follow the proper MLA format as described in your handbooks.
    • Pay especial attention to the MLA format regarding databases and Web sites.
    • Databases: original publishing information AND database information
essay format12
ESSAY FORMAT

WORKS CITED

  • Alphabetically arrange all sources.
  • Reverse Indent all sources.
  • For longer URLs to fit on the lines, hit “enter” after a slash.
  • For database URLs, stop after the “.com.”
essay format13
ESSAY FORMAT
  • Consult the “Outline Template”
  • available on my Web site
  • under the “Example Essay”
  • <http://academic.luzerne.edu/shousenick>
reminders
REMINDERS
  • Argue one side of a particular issue.
    • Make a claim.
      • For whom to vote.
      • For whom not to vote.
    • Support that claim with your 3 best (more persuasive, significant) reasons.
    • Back up those reasons with specific examples.
reminders1
REMINDERS
  • Example Essay = “reasons”:
    • No “history lessons” in the Body paragraphs. This is the place for your reasons only.
    • This is not a “types” essay:
      • Classification: types of mental illnesses, of STDs, of rape…
    • Rather, it is a “reasons” essay.
reminders2
REMINDERS
  • Do not end a paragraph with another’s words or ideas.
    • This is your essay.
    • Thus, you are using researched evidence to support your ideas.
    • You are not summarizing the issue or the research.
    • Always end with a “warrant statement.”
reminders3
REMINDERS
  • Lead-in verbs should be in the present tense:
    • claims, asserts, points out
    • NO “says” because of the print medium
  • Put “quotation marks” around direct quotes.
  • Use direct quotesorparaphrase—do not “ride the fence.”
    • Either quote the original in its entirety OR put it completely in your own words.
reminders4
REMINDERS
  • PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS :
    • * the purpose is to get the reader to your Works Cited page
      • so do not interfere with the flow of the essay
      • so keep it short
        • *the 1st item on the bibliographic line: author, article
        • *and the page number or “subheading”
    • period comes after the parentheses
    • if the author’s name is not in the sentence, put it in the

(Smith 89)

    • if no author’s name is given, then attribute the article to “the unnamed” or “the anonymous” author
    • as part of your lead-in, mention the credentials of your source (Ethos)
reminders5
REMINDERS
  • PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS:
    • if your source is an online article or Web site (note the spelling!), put in the ( ) the “subheading” or “subtitle” under which your information appears.
    • only a space between the author and the page number or “subheading” (no punctuation)
    • truncate:
      • only the author’s last name
      • shorten long titles
      • no URLs
    • (Smith 89) or (Smith “Smoking: Effects”) or (“Smoking: Effects”)
reminders6
REMINDERS

CITE

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

candidates2
CANDIDATES

John McCain

Mike Huckabee

Ron Paul

Obama

Hillary Clinton

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