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The Illustration/Example Classification Essay. Language. **Proving Your Point with Examples **Building on Skills of Narration and Description **Classifying. Some of MY Movers and Shapers. What is their Secret? They are COMMUNICATORS. They understand their audience The KNOW their purpose

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The illustration example classification essay

The Illustration/ExampleClassification Essay

Language


Proving your point with examples building on skills of narration and description classifying

**Proving Your Point with Examples**Building on Skills of Narration and Description**Classifying



What is their secret they are communicators
What is their Secret?They are COMMUNICATORS

  • They understand their audience

  • The KNOW their purpose

  • They use language

    • To Communicate an idea

    • To Inform

    • To Inspire

    • To Persuade

    • To Delight

    • To Teach


How they are communicators
HOW?They are COMMUNICATORS

  • They know HOW to ….

  • They know how to say “it”

    • They know how to get interest

    • They know how to speak so that

      • People will listen

      • People will believe

      • People will act


  • This Unit…We will further Examine how M&S/WE use language

    • Study their use (and OUR use)

      • Words

      • Language

      • Jargon

      • Slang

      • Appeals

  • To get their /our point across

  • To include others

  • To exclude others


The three classical means of persuasion
The Three Classical Means of Persuasion

  • Logos = the logical appeal, an appeal to the audience's reason based on such techniques as examples, inductive and deductive reasoning, definition of terms, critique of the opponent's logic, etc.

  • Ethos = the ethical appeal, an appeal based on the character, persona, expertise, and/or position of the speaker. 

  • Pathos = the emotional appeal, based on evoking particular emotions such as fear, envy, patriotism, lust, etc.


Contemporary means of persuasion
Contemporary Means of Persuasion

SEE: BASICS OF RHETORIC

  • RHETORICAL MODES

  • RHETORICAL DEVICES

    • STYLE

    • SYNTAX

    • DICTION


They use the rhetorical triangle
They use theRhetorical Triangle

  • Ethos (ethical appeal)—Speaker

  • Pathos (pathetic appeal) – Audience

  • Logos (logical appeal) – Text


Three points of the triangle
Three Points of the Triangle

  • Author

  • Message/

    Purpose

  • Audience


Factors in rhetoric writing that may decide rhetorical choices

Exigence

Purpose/Aim

(Intent)

Context

audience

situation

occasion

Genre

Medium

Design

Stance/

Opinion/

Position

Factors in Rhetoric, Writing:that may decide Rhetorical Choices



Process
Process

  • Invention

  • Drafting

  • Revising

  • Editing

  • Proofreading


Basic types of rhetorical development
Basic Types of Rhetorical Development

  • Descriptive

  • Narrative

  • Expository

  • Persuasive


Rhetorical modes
Rhetorical Modes

  • Description

  • Narration

  • Example/Illustration

    • Process

    • Cause and Effect

    • Classification

    • Comparison (& Contrast)

  • Persuasion/Argumentation


What is exemplification
What is Exemplification?

  • "Exemplification" means "the giving of an example." An “example” paper usually starts with a main idea, belief, or opinion--something abstract--and then gives one extended example or a series of shorter examples to illustrate that main idea. In fact, an exemplification paper is a paper that illustrates an abstract idea.


What is classification
What is Classification?

  •   "Classification" means that a subject--a person, place, event, or object--is identified and broken into parts and sub-parts.


Rhetorical devices examples

Style

Detail

Point of View

Organization

Tone

Syntax

Diction

*Connotation

*Denotation

Figurative Language (ex)

Imagery

Personification

Analogies

Symbol

Metaphor

Simile

Juxtaposition

Etc.

Rhetorical Devices (examples)


Readings journals pay attention to

Smith

Frederick

Klass

Anzaldua

Rodriguez

Tan

Liu

Carter

MLK

Bono

Wiesel

Examples of language

Who is their audience?

What is their purpose?

How do they present ideas?

Readings, Journals:Pay attention to….


We use examples to
We use examples to

  • Bring general and abstract statements down to earth so that

    • Readers will be interested

    • Readers will understand your ideas, points

  • Make the

    • General specific

    • Abstract concrete


What is exemplification1
What is Exemplification?

  • "Exemplification" means "the giving of an example." An “example” paper usually starts with a main idea, belief, or opinion--something abstract--and then gives one extended example or a series of shorter examples to illustrate that main idea. In fact, an exemplification paper is a paper that illustrates an abstract idea.


Understanding exemplification
Understanding Exemplification

  • An example or illustration represents

    • A general group

      • My Movers and Shapers

        • Martin Luther King

        • Elie Wiesel

        • Mother Teresa


Understanding exemplification1
Understanding Exemplification

  • An abstract concept or quality

    • Language

      • Jargon (megabyte, HALO, rhetoric)

      • Slang (cred)

      • Dialect (y’all)

      • Formal/Informal / Colloquial

        • (Good morning /Hi!)


Make a language chart
Make a LANGUAGE chart….

  • List people you speak to on a daily basis, at least 10

  • Group/Classify these people: Friends, Family, et

  • Describe your “language style” with each person: formal, informal, colloquial, slang, jargon, dialect.

  • Give examples of each type—words, phrases.

  • Describe What is your PURPOSE for speaking to each person? Express, inform, entertain, persuade?


Reflect on these people
Reflect on these people….

  • What is your relationship to each person?

  • Are they influential in your life, even in some small way?

  • What are their influences on you?

  • HOW do they influence you—words, actions?


Topic for example essay
TOPIC for Example Essay

  • YOUR Language

    • How does your language differ depending on the audience/group? Why do you use different languages /discourse /jargon?

      • Family

      • Friends

      • School

      • Church

      • Other Activities, Hobbies, Etc.


Topic for example essay1
TOPIC for Example Essay

  • 2. How do you use these appeals with your family/friends/church, etc.?

    • Logos

    • Pathos

    • Ethos


Language topics 3 4
Language TOPICS 3-4

3. Chronology: “Languages” you use in a regular day…

4. One REALLY important Group and that “Language” that you share….


Brainstorm ideas

Make lists of groups…

Answer questions to get started

Who ?

What ?

When ?

Where ?

How ?

Why ?

Brainstorm ideas


Outlining important
OUTLINING –IMPORTANT!!

  • Introduction

    • Anecdote/first example

    • Thesis—Topic and significance (language/why)

  • Body Paragraphs—categories of language

    • Topic sentence that includes key ideas from the thesis

    • Examples—Needed to prove/illustrate thesis

    • Summary sentence– Ends this category

  • Conclusion

    • Return to anecdote to summarize

    • Restate thesis if necessary


Sample body outline languages i love
Sample Body ¶ Outline Languages I Love

  • The languages I use and value are languages of love, but others might feel excluded if they wander into my sphere.

    • Family

      • Inside jokes (Lisa is going to be a stewardess)

      • Inside commands (QUIT)

      • Music/singing (conversational)

      • Inside terms of endearment (Bless your bones)


Developing an illustration essay
Developing an Illustration Essay

  • Begin by developing a thesis: It is a generalization based on what you know about your language, your jargon, based on your

    • Activities Family

    • Friends School

    • Thesis=Topic + Significance

    • What languages do you use? TOPIC

    • Why do you use a different language based on your audience? SIGNIFICANCE


Language essay possible topics
Language Essay—Possible topics

  • Chronology: “Languages” you use in a regular day…

  • One REALLY important Group and that “Languages” that you share….

  • Several groups….Different “languages”


Organizing
ORGANIZING

  • Introduction: Engages, gets attention, gives context to relate to….

    • Begin with a brief anecdote describing a specific situation of language use—Humorous? Serious?


The body example essay
The BODY: Example Essay

  • While writing the body of the essay

  • Remember:

    • Examples must be

      • Specific

        OR

      • Plentiful enough to illustrate your thesis


Organizing1
ORGANIZING

  • Body:

    • Single example

    • OR….

    • Multiple examples


Organizing how many examples
ORGANIZING:How many examples?

  • Limited to 4 or 5 in a paragraph:

    • Arrange in order of increasing

      • Importance

      • Interest

      • Complexity

    • Strongest, most humorous, most detailed provides a dramatic finish


Drafting paragraphs
DRAFTING Paragraphs

  • In each paragraph, tie thesis to topic …

  • Be sure you

    • Introduce group

    • Describe or tell what “connects” this group

    • OR

    • Why your language changes for this audience

    • Describe, list members

    • Give examples of words, phrases

    • Give meanings if necessary.


Organizing2
ORGANIZING

  • Conclusion

    • Come back to anecdote from your introduction and finish the story….

      • Elaborate on

        YOUR THESIS!


Drafting
DRAFTING

  • If you used many examples, briefly summarize each in your essay

  • If you used few, longer examples, describe each one in detail

  • If you used a single example

    • NARRATE

    • BE SPECIFIC


Edit and proofread
EDIT and PROOFREAD

  • EDIT FOR GRAMMAR AND PUNCTUATION!

    • Major errors: Commas, fragments, comma splices, shifts to “you,” verb forms (passive voice, tense)

    • YOUR ERRORS

    • ASK FOR HELP!


Turn in before or with essay
Turn in before or with Essay

  • BEFORE Essay:

    • Reading Essay and Samples

    • Lists—Groups and the language you use within each

  • WITH Essay:

    • Brainstorming questions (thinking on paper about your languages!

      • (Who, what, when, where, why, how)

    • Outline of Essay

  • Essay—Completed, Turned in by Tuesday

    • Proofread for YOUR errors!

    • MLA Format! Check formatting!


Evaluation criteria
EVALUATION CRITERIA

  • UNITY

  • SUPPORT (your Language examples)

    • Italicize words and phrases

    • Put sentences in Quotations

  • Coherence—Organize; Use transitions

    • Handouts

    • Harbrace pp. 321-323

  • Sentence Skills: YOUR Boo Boos

  • Voice, Style, Audience, Purpose


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