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integrating quotes in text with pie structure . ESL501 online. Adapted from Prof. Randall Sadler and Susan Faivre. PIE!. Point. Illustration. Explanation. Pie Structure. Point

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Integrating quotes in text with pie structure
integrating quotes in text with pie structure

ESL501 online

Adapted from

Prof. Randall Sadler and Susan Faivre


PIE!

Point

Illustration

Explanation


Pie structure
Pie Structure

Point

Although the bald eagle is still listed as an endangered species, its ever-increasing population is very encouraging. According to ornithologist Jay Sheppard, “The bald eagle seems to have stabilized its population, at the very least, almost everywhere” (2004, p. 96).

Signal Phrase

Illustration In-text Citation (Notice the author is mentioned in the signal phrase)

(No explanation yet!)


Every quote paraphrase summary you use should have all 5 of these things
Every quote/paraphrase/summary you use should have all 5 of these things:

  • Point

  • Signal Phrase

    (These 2 may or may not be one sentence)

  • Illustration (quote/paraphrase/summary)

  • In-text citation

  • Explanation


Other options for pie
Other options for pie

  • Point

  • Signal Phrase #1

  • Illustration #1

  • Signal Phrase #2

  • Illustration #2

  • Signal Phrase # 3

  • Illustration #3

  • Explanation (or the explanation might be used throughout the paragraph)

  • You as the author need to decide what is needed to best illustrate and explain your point


Examples of signal phrases
Examples of signal phrases

  • In the words of researcher and Nobel prize winner Chie Fujii, “…” (Quotation to follow in “…”)

  • As Sang-soo Lee has noted, “…”

  • The Hossain’s point out that “….”

  • “…,” claims linguist Noam Chomsky.

  • Psychologist Ivan Cokrosaputra offers an odd argument for this view: “…”

  • Dring answers these objections with the following analysis: “…”

  • According to Randall Sadler, author of Give me all your money, “…”

  • The signal phrase indicates what is to come is not the author’s own, that they’re borrowing from another source to better illustrate their point



Example pie structures
Example PIE structures

  • In addition, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) helps recruiting talented students, which is an essential factor for continuous development of a company. Hill & Knowlton, Inc. (2008) showed thatcompetent students in leading Universities prefer the companies with a higher corporate reputation through their CSR activities(p.4). As examples above show, both reputations and competent human resources can be obtained through CSR activities.

    Point

    Signal phrase

    Illustration

    In-text citation

    Explanation


Example pie structures cont
Example pie structures (cont.)

  • One main problem is that most government positions are filled with men and they might not be feminists. According to Center for American Women and Politics (2012), women hold far less percentage in government positions not only in present day but also in the past (p. 26).The current feminism opportunities and gender equalities regulations are the result of years long fighting and campaigning.

    Point

    Signal phrase

    Illustration

    In-text citation

    Explanation


Summary
summary

  • When integrating information from other sources into your own writing, remember PIE:

  • Point

  • Signal Phrase

    (These 2 may or may not be one sentence)

  • Illustration (quote/paraphrase/summary)

  • In-text citation

  • Explanation


References
References

Hacker, D. (1995). A Writer’s Reference. Boston: Bedford Books.

Sadler, R. (2005). Topic Sentences and Pie Structure. Resources. Retrieved from: eslweb.org.


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