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Alleyn Harned. Alleyn Harned Virginia Clean Cities. Alternative Fuel Opportunities Ahead. Alternative Fuels. Virginia Alternate Fuel Leadership - McDonnell. Opportunity of alternative fuels – Jobs, security, environment, choice

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alternative fuel opportunities ahead
Alleyn Harned

Alleyn Harned

Virginia Clean Cities

Alternative Fuel Opportunities Ahead

alternative fuels
Alternative Fuels

Virginia Alternate Fuel Leadership - McDonnell

  • Opportunity of alternative fuels – Jobs, security, environment, choice
  • Governor signs legislation and Executive Order beginning transition of state vehicles to alternative fuel on July 12, 2011
  • Millions in investment for alternative fuels at state level
  • Nation’s largest propane autogas deployment project
  • Comprehensive EV planning effort statewide and in Richmond
  • 3rd party sales for electricity for Evs and nighttime off peak rates
why health and environment
WHY - Health and Environment
  • Carbon Monoxide (CO)
    • Cardiovascular disease, damage nervous system 56-95% of US CO is emitted by vehicles
  • Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)
    • Respiratory damage – autism link - 55% from vehicles
  • Particulate Matter (PM)
    • Aggravate asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, heart disease, lung disease, water pollution – directly from vehicles
  • Ozone
    • Smog – reduce lung function
  • Greenhouse Gases (GHGs)
    • Global pollutant, CO2most abundant
oil dependence
Oil Dependence
  • Rising Petroleum Prices

U.S. Owns 2-3% of world oil reserves

U.S. Uses 25% of worlds oil

  • Volatility of Petroleum Market
    • 2013 highest fuel costs on record in U.S.
    • Significant production domestically, but 50% imports
  • Survey Finds 62% of Fleet Managers Plan to Purchase More Fuel-Efficient Vehicles in 2013
    • 70% of respondents think fuel cost may go up in 2013
  • CHOICE
oil dependence1
Oil Dependence

Reducing Petroleum Consumption

Petroleum = most consumed energy source in U.S.

About half of petroleum used is imported

U.S. spends

$1 million per minute on petroleum

$Nearly one billion per day on petroleum imports

$297 billion per year on petroleum imports

VA transportation 99 % petroleum - gasoline diesel

$13.4 billion a year in VA on petroleum for transportation

Statistically, 100% of our oil is out of state (99.98%)

90,758,000 barrels imported, 12,000 produced (2011 EIA)

$35 million a day leaves the Commonwealth

virginia clean cities snapshot

One designated statewide Coalition in Virginia - since 1996

  • 501c3 not-for-profit & James Madison University partnership
  • Supported by stakeholder members, DOE, DMME, and grants
  • Managing alt fuel deployment and education programs on behalf of governments, fleets, and other stakeholders

Strategies:

  • Partner with States & Local Organizations, Public and Private fleets
  • Provide Outreach, Education, & Information Resources
  • Facilitate Infrastructure Development
  • Provide Technical & Financial Assistance
Virginia Clean Cities Snapshot

Platinum Level Sponsors & Strategic Partners

alternative fuels what s included
Alternative Fuels: What’s Included ?
  • Technology Portfolio – Assistance of VA Clean Cities:
  • Alternative (non-petroleum) Fuels & Vehicles
    • Biodiesel, Ethanol, Hydrogen, Electric, Propane, Natural Gas
  • Advanced Vehicles (e.g., HEVs, PHEVs)
  • Vehicles and Driver Choices that Increase Fuel Economy
  • Idle Reduction
  • 2012 Green Fleet effort
  • 9.2 million gasoline gallon equivalent reduced
  • 70,000 tons of GHG reduction
  • Virginia’s Growing Alt Fuel Effort
  • 286 Alt Fuel Stations (+100 in ‘12)
  • 80 fleets with Alt Fuel Vehicles
  • 15,206 Alt Fuel Fleet Vehicles
biodiesel
Biodiesel
  • Biodiesel – 4,620 vehicles, 36 stations in VA
    • Renewable fuel produced by processing vegetable and animal fats
    • Often blended with diesel at levels from 5% to 20% biodiesel
    • Works with practically any diesel engine, little/no modification
    • Three active producers in Virginia, made around 2 million gallons
ethanol and e85
Ethanol and E85
  • Ethanol - E85 – 7058 fleet vehicles, 22 stations (13 public) in VA
    • A renewable alcohol fuel, blended with gasoline
    • 10% ethanol can be used in most vehicles without modification
    • 15% blends OK for 2001 and up vehicles
    • E85 –85% blended with 15% gasoline
    • Compatible with 9 million Flex Fuel cars on the roads today
      • ½ of Ford and GM’s lineup
lpg propane autogas
LPG – Propane -Autogas
  • Propane – LPG - Autogas
  • LPG, 70 stations, 430 vehicles
  • Inexpensive Fuel ($2.21/gal)
  • Save $1 to $2 a gallon
  • Vehicles run on propane, tanks are higher capacity than your home grill, but same fuel
  • 85% of propane is domestic resource
  • Get autogas rate, not grill rate
natural gas
Natural Gas
  • Natural Gas, 1300 fleet vehicles, 17 stations in Virginia
    • Vehicle runs on compressed or liquid natural gas from pressurized tank
    • Fewer emissions, and 75% less nitrogen oxides
    • Local domestic fuel - $2.39 is recent public price in Richmond VA
    • Potential for landfill renewable gas projects (95% fewer emissions)
    • Bi-Monthly calls with state regional project reports - great interest
    • New stations (Richmond, Dulles, Norfolk, Chesapeake VA)
slide16

Electric

  • Three groups of EVs:
    • Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs)
    • Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)
    • Battery-powered electric vehicles (BEVs)
  • All EVs utilize electric motors and energy storage systems
  • Each type offers different advantages
    • Battery life, charge time
    • Electricity production may still produce emissions
    • EV battery/tech price vs. conventional vehicle price
clean cities web resources
Clean Cities Web Resources

Clean Cities

AFDC

FuelEconomy.gov

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