Alternative fuel opportunities ahead
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Alleyn Harned. Alleyn Harned Virginia Clean Cities. Alternative Fuel Opportunities Ahead. Alternative Fuels. Virginia Alternate Fuel Leadership - McDonnell. Opportunity of alternative fuels – Jobs, security, environment, choice

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Alternative fuel opportunities ahead

Alleyn Harned

Alleyn Harned

Virginia Clean Cities

Alternative Fuel Opportunities Ahead


Alternative fuels

Alternative Fuels

Virginia Alternate Fuel Leadership - McDonnell

  • Opportunity of alternative fuels – Jobs, security, environment, choice

  • Governor signs legislation and Executive Order beginning transition of state vehicles to alternative fuel on July 12, 2011

  • Millions in investment for alternative fuels at state level

  • Nation’s largest propane autogas deployment project

  • Comprehensive EV planning effort statewide and in Richmond

  • 3rd party sales for electricity for Evs and nighttime off peak rates


Why health and environment

WHY - Health and Environment

  • Carbon Monoxide (CO)

    • Cardiovascular disease, damage nervous system 56-95% of US CO is emitted by vehicles

  • Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)

    • Respiratory damage – autism link - 55% from vehicles

  • Particulate Matter (PM)

    • Aggravate asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, heart disease, lung disease, water pollution – directly from vehicles

  • Ozone

    • Smog – reduce lung function

  • Greenhouse Gases (GHGs)

    • Global pollutant, CO2most abundant


Oil dependence

Oil Dependence

  • Rising Petroleum Prices

    U.S. Owns 2-3% of world oil reserves

    U.S. Uses 25% of worlds oil

  • Volatility of Petroleum Market

    • 2013 highest fuel costs on record in U.S.

    • Significant production domestically, but 50% imports

  • Survey Finds 62% of Fleet Managers Plan to Purchase More Fuel-Efficient Vehicles in 2013

    • 70% of respondents think fuel cost may go up in 2013

  • CHOICE


Oil dependence1

Oil Dependence

Reducing Petroleum Consumption

Petroleum = most consumed energy source in U.S.

About half of petroleum used is imported

U.S. spends

$1 million per minute on petroleum

$Nearly one billion per day on petroleum imports

$297 billion per year on petroleum imports

VA transportation 99 % petroleum - gasoline diesel

$13.4 billion a year in VA on petroleum for transportation

Statistically, 100% of our oil is out of state (99.98%)

90,758,000 barrels imported, 12,000 produced (2011 EIA)

$35 million a day leaves the Commonwealth


Alternative fuel opportunities ahead

Figure 2: Primary energy consumption by Source and Sector


33 state picture

33 State Picture


Virginia clean cities snapshot

  • One designated statewide Coalition in Virginia - since 1996

  • 501c3 not-for-profit & James Madison University partnership

  • Supported by stakeholder members, DOE, DMME, and grants

  • Managing alt fuel deployment and education programs on behalf of governments, fleets, and other stakeholders

    Strategies:

  • Partner with States & Local Organizations, Public and Private fleets

  • Provide Outreach, Education, & Information Resources

  • Facilitate Infrastructure Development

  • Provide Technical & Financial Assistance

Virginia Clean Cities Snapshot

Platinum Level Sponsors & Strategic Partners


Alternative fuels what s included

Alternative Fuels: What’s Included ?

  • Technology Portfolio – Assistance of VA Clean Cities:

  • Alternative (non-petroleum) Fuels & Vehicles

    • Biodiesel, Ethanol, Hydrogen, Electric, Propane, Natural Gas

  • Advanced Vehicles (e.g., HEVs, PHEVs)

  • Vehicles and Driver Choices that Increase Fuel Economy

  • Idle Reduction

  • 2012 Green Fleet effort

  • 9.2 million gasoline gallon equivalent reduced

  • 70,000 tons of GHG reduction

  • Virginia’s Growing Alt Fuel Effort

  • 286 Alt Fuel Stations (+100 in ‘12)

  • 80 fleets with Alt Fuel Vehicles

  • 15,206 Alt Fuel Fleet Vehicles


Alternative fuel opportunities ahead

http://www.afdc.energy.gov/locator/


Alternative fuel opportunities ahead

http://www.afdc.energy.gov/locator/


Biodiesel

Biodiesel

  • Biodiesel – 4,620 vehicles, 36 stations in VA

    • Renewable fuel produced by processing vegetable and animal fats

    • Often blended with diesel at levels from 5% to 20% biodiesel

    • Works with practically any diesel engine, little/no modification

    • Three active producers in Virginia, made around 2 million gallons


Ethanol and e85

Ethanol and E85

  • Ethanol - E85 – 7058 fleet vehicles, 22 stations (13 public) in VA

    • A renewable alcohol fuel, blended with gasoline

    • 10% ethanol can be used in most vehicles without modification

    • 15% blends OK for 2001 and up vehicles

    • E85 –85% blended with 15% gasoline

    • Compatible with 9 million Flex Fuel cars on the roads today

      • ½ of Ford and GM’s lineup


Lpg propane autogas

LPG – Propane -Autogas

  • Propane – LPG - Autogas

  • LPG, 70 stations, 430 vehicles

  • Inexpensive Fuel ($2.21/gal)

  • Save $1 to $2 a gallon

  • Vehicles run on propane, tanks are higher capacity than your home grill, but same fuel

  • 85% of propane is domestic resource

  • Get autogas rate, not grill rate


Natural gas

Natural Gas

  • Natural Gas, 1300 fleet vehicles, 17 stations in Virginia

    • Vehicle runs on compressed or liquid natural gas from pressurized tank

    • Fewer emissions, and 75% less nitrogen oxides

    • Local domestic fuel - $2.39 is recent public price in Richmond VA

    • Potential for landfill renewable gas projects (95% fewer emissions)

    • Bi-Monthly calls with state regional project reports - great interest

    • New stations (Richmond, Dulles, Norfolk, Chesapeake VA)


Alternative fuel opportunities ahead

Electric

  • Three groups of EVs:

    • Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs)

    • Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)

    • Battery-powered electric vehicles (BEVs)

  • All EVs utilize electric motors and energy storage systems

  • Each type offers different advantages

    • Battery life, charge time

    • Electricity production may still produce emissions

    • EV battery/tech price vs. conventional vehicle price


Clean cities web resources

Clean Cities Web Resources

Clean Cities

AFDC

FuelEconomy.gov


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