Three challenges
Download
1 / 30

Three Challenges - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 103 Views
  • Uploaded on

Three Challenges. to standard assumptions. Three Opportunities. A new way to discover progenitors in the Galaxy. A new way to discover progenitors in the Galaxy. Spin-up/spin-down changes our perspective. A new way to discover progenitors in the Galaxy.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Three Challenges' - kevyn


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Three challenges

ThreeChallenges

to standard assumptions

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Three opportunities

ThreeOpportunities

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Searching for the progenitors
Searching for the Progenitors

  • We already look for WDs accreting mass, e.g., in symbiotics.

  • We already look for very close pairs of WDs, e.g., see contribution from Badenes.

  • Here’s something new: The WD may lens its companion during the epoch before mass transfer.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013





  • Kepler can detect transits of its target stars by white dwarfs.

  • Kepler can detect antitransits when its target stars are crossed by massive enough or distant enough white dwarfs. (Agol 2003, Farmer & Agol 2003, Sahu & Gilliland 2003)

  • We expect the event rate to be high enough that antitransits will indeed be discovered by Kepler. (Di~Stefano 2011)

  • Antitransits can be detected from the ground—for both possible progenitors and for their near cousins. This will also work for double white dwarfs.

  • The combination of transits and antitransits can constrain binary evolution models, including those for progenitors of Type Ia supernovae.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Angular momentum is important
Angular Momentum Is Important

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down
Spin-Up/Spin-Down

  • Incoming mass carries angular momentum.

  • This is not an “exotic” optional effect.

  • It is relevant to all accretion models and some merger models.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Examples of rotating wds
Examples of rotating WDs

  • RX J0648.0 (13.2 s)

  • AE Aqr (33.06 s)

  • WZ Sge (27.87 s)

  • V842 Cen (56.82 s)

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down1
Spin-Up/Spin-Down

  • Incoming mass carries angular momentum.

  • We must consider the consequences to determine their effects. The consequences may be minimal or important.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down2
Spin-Up/Spin-Down

  • Some WDs spin up to near-critical rotation, increasing the value of the critical mass. Even a modest increase can be important.

  • Thus, even uniform rotation, which does not allow a large change in the critical mass, can alter time scales and appearances.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down3
Spin-Up/Spin-Down

  • Mass transfer needs to slow down or stop on order for the WD to spin down.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down4
Spin-Up/Spin-Down

  • The explosion occurs when the spin-down has decreased the mass of the WD to its current value.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down5
Spin-Up/Spin-Down

  • The explosion occurs when the spin-down has decreased the mass of the WD to its current value.

  • (See RD, Voss, and Claeys 2011 for details.)

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down models
Spin-Up/Spin-Down Models

  • If the donor was a main-sequence star when accretion started, then

  • mass accretion decreases dramatically when the mass ratio reverses.

  • The result is a CV.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down models1
Spin-Up/Spin-Down Models

  • If the donor was a subgiant or giant when accretion started, then

  • mass accretion stops when the donor’s

  • The result is a double WD system.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down provides a new framework
Spin-Up/Spin-Down provides a new framework

  • The key element is that it can be tested.

  • In fact, the tests can help us to better understand the underlying physics.

  • We need to look for massive, fast-spinning WDs. They may be isolated, have WD companions, or else be in CVs.

  • We need to look for fast-moving low-mass and/or compact objects.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Spin up spin down provides a new framework1
Spin-Up/Spin-Down provides a new framework

The widowed donor can be small. (SN 2011fe)

The widowed donor can be dim.(SNR 0509-67.5; RD & Kilic 2011)

The Kepler SNR is a potentially interesting test case.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


What Eclipsing Binaries Tell Us About

Binary Formation and Evolution

Maxwell Moe & Rosanne Di Stefano

(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics)

Example 1: Unprecedentedly large samples of O and B-type eclipsing binaries in the

OGLE MC catalogs.

E.g., 2,327 MS systems with eclipse depths ΔI = 0.10-0.65 magand orbital periods

P = 2 – 200 days

in the OGLE-III LMC eclipsing binary catalog (Graczyk et al. 2011).

OGLE-III LMC

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


What Eclipsing Binaries Tell Us About

Binary Formation and Evolution

Observed eclipse depth and period distributions are similar among the MW, LMC, and SMC, indicating the intrinsic close binary fractions, period distributions, and mass-ratio distributions do not vary with metallicity or environment (Moe & Di Stefano 2013).

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


The eclipse depth distribution becomes weighted toward shallower eclipses with increasing orbital period at the 5.5σ confidence level.

Indicates the mass-ratio distribution becomes weighted

toward lower q = M2/M1 with increasing P.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Using detailed light curve models and Monte Carlo simulations, we fit the intrinsic mass-ratio distribution fq as a function of P.

We find the power-law slope in

fq =qγdq rapidly approaches random pairings of the IMF

(γ = -2.3) for P > 10 days and that the excess twin fraction with q > 0.9 is negligible for

P > 5 days (consistent with results from spectroscopic binary observations by Abt et al. 1990).

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Most binary population synthesis studies assume a uniform simulations, we fit the intrinsic mass-ratio distribution fq = 1 for all M1 and P, and fP = 0.1 companions per primary per decade of orbital period.

Observations give fq = q-2.3 and fP = 0.2 for M1 = (5-20)M at intermediate P.

Single degenerate (SD) SN Ia with late delay times derive from subgiant/giant donors at intermediate periods with M2 = 1M (so that τ2 = 10 Gyr) and massive WD MWD = 1.1M (M1 = 7M) considering accretion is inefficient.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


Relative increase in late SD is: simulations, we fit the intrinsic mass-ratio distribution

2(1M/7M)-2.3 = 200,

consistent with observations!

Low-mass X-ray binaries, which also derive from low-q progenitors, expected to increase by an order of magnitude, consistent with observations (Kiel & Hurley 2006).

Increase in SD SN Ia and LMXB at the EXPENSE of DD SN Ia and HMXB!

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


×200 simulations, we fit the intrinsic mass-ratio distribution

Simulated SD SN Ia

(Meng & Yang 2010)

vs. observed SN Ia DTD

(Totani et al. 2008)

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


  • Antitransits simulations, we fit the intrinsic mass-ratio distribution may provide a new way to discover progenitors.

  • Spin-up/spin-down *must* be included. It changes things—esp. the *aftermath*.

  • Extensive data-based investigations may change the results of population synthesis studies, including the delay time distribution.

Rosanne Di Stefano, 27 September 2013


ad