Indirect object pronouns pronomes pessoais complemento indirecto
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Indirect Object Pronouns - Pronomes Pessoais Complemento Indirecto. What is it?. The indirect object is a noun, a nominal group, or pronoun that indicates to whom or for whom the action of the verb is done. How to identify and use indirect objects pronouns in English.

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Indirect Object Pronouns - Pronomes Pessoais Complemento Indirecto

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Indirect object pronouns pronomes pessoais complemento indirecto

Indirect Object Pronouns - Pronomes Pessoais Complemento Indirecto


What is it

What is it?

The indirect object is a noun, a nominal group, or pronoun that indicates to whom or for whom the action of the verb is done.


How to identify and use indirect objects pronouns in english

How to identify and use indirect objects pronouns in English

They write Diana a letter.

What is the subject of the sentence?

What is the verb of the sentence?

Who is receiving the action of the verb?

To/For whom is that object being done?


They write diana a letter

TheywriteDianaa letter.

Writing is the action. Who writes - (They) is the subject. What do they write - a letter. Who do they write it to/for - Diana.

Diana is the indirect object pronoun.


Here is another example can you classify each of the words

Here is another example. Can you classify each of the words?

She gives the students the book.

subject

verb

direct object

indirect object


She gives the students the book

Shegivesthe studentsthe book.


In portuguese the indirect object pronouns are as follows

In Portuguese the indirect object pronouns are as follows:

Me= to me

Te = to you (familiar)

Lhe = to you (formal)

to him to her

Nos = to us

Vos = to you (familiar plural)

Lhes = to you (formal plural)

to them


Now let s take a look in portuguese

Now let’s take a look in Portuguese…


Eles escrevem uma carta diana

Eles escrevem uma carta à Diana.

What is the subject of the sentence?

What is the verb of the sentence?

Who is receiving the action of the verb?

To/For whom is that object being done?


Eles escrevem uma carta diana1

Elesescrevemuma carta à Diana.

Escrevem is the action. Who writes - (Eles) is the subject. What do they write - a letter. Who do they write it to/for - Diana.

Diana is the indirect object pronoun.

subject

verb

direct object

indirect object


Now we must substitute the direct object pronoun for the noun diana

Now we must substitute the direct object pronoun for the noun Diana.

Diana is 3rd person singular (to her) = lhe

Eles escrevem-lhe uma carta.


Now you try

Now you try…

Ela dá o livro aos estudantes.

subject

verb

direct object

indirect object


Ela d o livro aos estudantes

Eladáo livro aos estudantes.

Dá is the action. Who gives - (Ela) is the subject. What do they give - o livro. Who do they give it to/for - estudantes.

Estudantes is the indirect object pronoun.


Now replace estudantes with the correct object pronoun

Now replace estudantes with the correct object pronoun.


Ela d lhes o livro

Ela dá-lheso livro.


Here are in the indirect object rules that must be followed

Here are in the indirect object Rules that must be followed.


Regra 1

Regra #1

In an affirmative sentence, the direct object pronoun follows the verb separated by a hypen.

Exemplo: Eu dou-te o meu lápis.


Regra 2

Regra #2

The indirect object pronoun precedes the verb without a hypen when the verb is preceded by a negative word, a question word, an adverb, and the conjuntions que and como.

Exemplos:

Ela nãomedá um lápis.

Quemmedá um lápis.

Ela diz quemedá um lápis.


Grammatical note

***Grammatical Note ***

In Portuguese, the indirect object pronoun is usually introduced by the preposition a, often in contraction with the definite articles to form ao, à, aos, às. The indirect object generally comes after the direct object, whereas in English it precedes the direct object.


Cultural note

*** Cultural Note ***

In Brazil object pronouns more often precede the verb.


Now lets practice

Now lets practice…


O passageiro d o bilhete funcion ria

O Passageiro dá o bilhete à funcionária.


O passageiro d lhe o bilhete

O Passageiro dá-lhe o bilhete.


A turista manda o dinheiro aos agentes de viagens

A turista manda o dinheiro aos agentes de viagens.


A turista manda lhes o dinheiro

A turista manda-lhes o dinheiro.


Ela d a mala a mim

Ela dá a mala a mim.


Ela d me a mala

Ela dá-me a mala.


Eu canto a can o lentamente para ti

Eu canto a canção lentamente para ti.


Eu te canto a can o lentamente

Eu te canto a canção lentamente.

What kind of word is lentamente?


Eu tiro a marcadora para v s

Eu tiro a marcadora para vós.


Eu tiro vos a marcadora

Eu tiro-vos a marcadora.


N s dizemos que trazemos o passaporte para eles

Nós dizemos que trazemos o passaporte para eles.


N s dizemos que lhes trazemos o passaporte

Nós dizemos que lhes trazemos o passaporte.


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