Charlemagne and the early Middle ages. Week Eight. p etros = rock. Peter. petrify. Petra. g eo/terra = earth/land. t erra cotta. terrier. geology. Charlemagne and the early Middle ages. Week Eight. I. Aachen Chapel.
Charlemagne’s Aachen Cathedral reflects the succession of the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.
A. Italian Ostrogoths
B. Spanish Visigoths
Baptism of Clovis
A. Charles Martel
1. Military: scorched earth and absolute fidelity
2. Religious: loyalty and religious posts; church-state collusion
1. Spiritual renewal
2. Intellectual renewal
A. Overextension: not enough infrastructure
B. Division of the kingdom
C. Threats from outside
D. Return to aristocracies
E. Christianity spreads