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Charlemagne and the early Middle ages. Week Eight. p etros = rock. Peter. petrify. Petra. g eo/terra = earth/land. t erra cotta. terrier. geology. Charlemagne and the early Middle ages. Week Eight. I. Aachen Chapel.

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P etros rock
petros = rock

Peter

petrify

Petra


G eo terra earth land
geo/terra = earth/land

terra cotta

terrier

geology





Aachen cathedral
Aachen cathedral the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.


The octagons of aachen
The Octagons of Aachen the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.


Ii charlemagne
II. Charlemagne the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.

  • Einhard’s hagiographical description

  • Reality: a barbarian Christian conqueror


B io viv life
b the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.io/viv= life

revive

victuals

biology


D ict speak
d the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.ict = speak

verdict

dictator

benediction


Iii the making of barbarian kingdoms
III. The Making of Barbarian Kingdoms the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.

A. Italian Ostrogoths

  • Theodoric the Great: Roman civil government and Germanic kingship

  • From chaos to Lombard rule after Theodoric’s death

    B. Spanish Visigoths

  • Wealthy and desirable territory

  • Muslims overthrow the Visigoths and establish caliphate in 711

Ostrogoths


Iii the making of barbarian kingdoms1
III. The Making of Barbarian Kingdoms the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.

C. Anglo-Saxons

  • Little kingdoms

  • Conversion to Christianity, as chronicled by Bede

  • Syncretism and Beowulf: story that chronicles the adventures of a hero who saves the Danes from the terrible monster Grendel

Bede


Beowulf
Beowulf the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.


In search of beowulf
In Search of Beowulf the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.


Beowulf trailer
Beowulf the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe. trailer


Iii the making of barbarian kingdoms2
III. The Making of Barbarian Kingdoms the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.

D. Franks

  • Client state of Rome

  • Clovis and conquest (486 CE); conversion to Christianity; launches the Merovingian dynasty

Baptism of Clovis


Iv charlemagne and the carolingians
IV. Charlemagne and the Carolingians the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.

A. Charles Martel

  • Rise of aristocracy over kingdom. Why?

    1. Military: scorched earth and absolute fidelity

    2. Religious: loyalty and religious posts; church-state collusion

Pippin


The kingdom of charlemagne
The Kingdom of Charlemagne the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.


Iv charlemagne and the carolingians1
IV. Charlemagne and the Carolingians the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.

B. Charlemagne

  • Conquest: Pippin’s son defeats the Lombards, Saxons, Avars, Muslims

  • Government: a crude Roman administration


Charlemagne’s the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.Empire


Carolingian renaissance
Carolingian Renaissance the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.

1. Spiritual renewal

  • The protector of all Christians under the Pope’s obedience

  • Rome crowns Charlemagne emperor in 800

    2. Intellectual renewal

  • Education: establishes schools; recruits intellectuals

  • Fusion of Germanic and Roman art


V after charlemagne
V. After Charlemagne the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.

A. Overextension: not enough infrastructure

B. Division of the kingdom

C. Threats from outside

D. Return to aristocracies

E. Christianity spreads


Scandinavia the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.


Viking invasion
Viking invasion the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.


Epilogue
Epilogue the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.

  • Charlemagne’s death

    • 814: buried under Palatine Chapel in imperial robes


Aachen Chapel the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.today


Aachen s hot springs
Aachen’s hot springs the ancient Roman emperors and the Christianizing of Europe.


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