International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development
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Food Aid and Trade Food Security Master CD, IUSS, University of Pavia, 2008/09 Paola Fava Maria Elena Ladron de Guevara Prakash Sharma 23 April, 2009 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development. Food Aid and Trade Food Security Master CD, IUSS, University of Pavia, 2008/09 Paola Fava Maria Elena Ladron de Guevara Prakash Sharma 23 April, 2009. International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development.

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Food Aid and Trade Food Security Master CD, IUSS, University of Pavia, 2008/09 Paola Fava Maria Elena Ladron de Guevara Prakash Sharma 23 April, 2009

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International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Food Aid and TradeFood Security Master CD, IUSS, University of Pavia, 2008/09Paola FavaMaria Elena Ladron de Guevara Prakash Sharma23 April, 2009


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Food Aid has been one of the ways to solve food insecurity problems

over the last60 years

840 million undernourished people in the world


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Food aid: types

  • Program

    • In-kind aid

    • Government to government transfer

  • Project

    • As part of a specific project

  • Relief or Emergency

    • Distributed in emergency situations

    • Countries facing chronic food insecurity


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Main donors involved


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Reasons for receiving Food Aid

  • Hunger?

  • Political

  • Economical

  • Commodity Surplus: (i.e. CSSD)


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

The process

  • Distribution

    • Big U.S. shipping companies involved

  • Major commodities used as Food Aid

    • Cereals (90%)

    • Rice

    • Course grains


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Food Prices

  • Inverse relationship


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

How does Food Aid affect trade?

  • Emergency Food Aid

    -Limited effect

  • Food aid can replace commercial imports


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Dumping

- Undercuts local farmers

Prices fall:

Benefits food buyers

Create new tastes and markets

It can destabilize local markets


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Food Aid Concerns

  • Donor-driven system (promotes domestic interests)

  • Can create dependency

  • Food Aid management (corruption)


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Our thoughts..

  • Food Aid is not one of the solutions to food insecurity

  • Paradox: over 50% of people suffering from hunger are smallholder farmers


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Possibilities

  • Weather-resistant seeds

  • Encourage transparency within governments

  • The usage of local markets

  • Food diversity

  • Financing research for sustainable approaches and infrastructure


International Master Programme in Cooperation and Development

Thank you!


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