The rti framework deconstructed
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The RtI Framework Deconstructed. Jessica Close. What is RTI ?. RtI stands for Response to Intervention RtI is a Multi-Tiered (usually 3 tiers) prevention system to help determine eligibility for special education services

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The RtI Framework Deconstructed

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The rti framework deconstructed

The RtI Framework Deconstructed

Jessica Close


What is rti

What is RTI?

  • RtI stands for Response to Intervention

  • RtI is a Multi-Tiered (usually 3 tiers) prevention system to help determine eligibility for special education services

  • More importantly, RtI offers early intervention for at-risk students and gives the ability for teachers to lessen or prevent the impact of learning disabilities

  • Students are screened before moving to Tier 2 (hearing, vision, curriculum based materials, etc.)

  • Progress monitoring should take place on all tiers!

  • Data (usually on graphs) is used to make decisions for students to move up or down the tiers

  • Parents/Guardians are RtI team members too!

National Center on Response to Intervention (2008)


What is rti1

What is RTI?

  • All students are on Tier 1 receiving the regular curriculum instruction

  • Tier 2 is for students who are considered at-risk and where an evidence based practice is used as a supplement above and beyond the general curriculum

  • Tier 3 is for those students not successful in Tier 2 needing more intensive and longer interventions

Stern Center for Language and Learning (2008)


Why rti

Why RTI?

  • “Finding, identifying, and placing students "in" a special education program was no longer sufficient. What needed to be addressed was the creation of a service delivery system that was more oriented around how a student responded to research-based interventions delivered with integrity.” (Prasse, David P.)

  • The original ability-achievement discrepancy model (15 points between an achievement area and a full IQ score) was based tests which might not be testing the curriculum students have been taught

  • It moves away from problem within the student thought process to making sure there is no problem within the instruction

  • RtI offers individualized instruction through the problem solving model where students can have a tailored curriculum in which interventions can be focused on exactly what they need

  • example: working on specific phonics skills to improve fluency

  • Students receive more one-on-one instruction

  • There is no you’re in or you’re out criteria, but students are determined eligible for special education on a case by case basis


How do we implement rti

How do we Implement RTI?

  • Tier 1: curriculum instruction, progress monitor using curriculum based materials (CBM) and benchmark assessments, conferences with parents

  • example: 90 minute reading block 5 days per week

  • Tier 1 – Tier 2 Consideration: observe the student, meet with parents, form a problem solving team, use data to prove the need (such as FAIR)

  • Tier 2: an evidence based practice, progress monitor using CBM, keep parents/team informed

  • example: 90 minute reading block 5 days per week +

  • 15 minutes 5 days per week evidence based instruction

  • Tier 2 – Tier 3 Consideration: Review graphs to determine a need for more intensive interventions

  • Tier 3: more intensive and longer interventions, progress monitor using CBM, keep parents/team informed

  • example: 90 minute reading block 5 days per week +

  • 30 minutes 5 days per week evidence based instruction

  • Case Review for the need to obtain special education services


What are rti s strengths and challenges

What are RtI’s strengths and challenges?

  • Strengths:

  • Students get more one-on-one instructions

  • able to prevent mislabeling

  • able to lessen the impact of a learning disability

  • able to reach more at-risk students

  • no more you’re in or you’re out criteria

  • Challenges: (the biggest complaints I have)

  • TIME for interventions above and beyond the general curriculum!!! (I do it in the classroom by myself, no pull outs, help!)

  • Paper work!!!

  • It would help to have the ability/achievement testing in addition to RtI to help drive the interventions, finding good assessments is difficult


Resources

Resources

  • The National Center for Response to Intervention: http://www.rti4success.org/

  • National Center on Student Progress Monitoring: http://www.studentprogress.org/

  • Research Institute on Progress Monitoring: http://www.progressmonitoring.org/

  • National Research Center on Learning Disabilities: http://www.nrcld.org/

  • Center on Instruction: http://www.centeroninstruction.org/


References

references

  • National Center on Response to Intervention. (2008) [Graphic displaying important components of RtI]. The Essential Components of RTI. Retrieved from http://www.rti4success.org/.

  • Prasse, David P. (unknown date). Why adopt an RTI model? The RTI Action Network a Program of the National Center for Learning Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.rtinetwork.org/learn/what/whyrti

  • Stern Center for Language and Learning. (2008). [Graphic illustration of the RtI framework]. Response to Intervention/Instruction. Retrieved from http://www.sterncenter.org/resources/rti.


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