Chapter 27 section 5 the end of the war
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Chapter 27, Section 5: The End of the War PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 27, Section 5: The End of the War. Main Idea: In the Pacific, the Japanese continued to resist American advances until two atomic bombs were dropped on their home islands. A. Island Hopping in the Pacific. 2 main goals of US in Pacific: regain Philippines & invade Japan

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Chapter 27, Section 5: The End of the War

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Chapter 27, Section 5:The End of the War

Main Idea: In the Pacific, the Japanese continued to resist American advances until two atomic bombs were dropped on their home islands.


A. Island Hopping in the Pacific

  • 2 main goals of US in Pacific: regain Philippines & invade Japan

  • Island Hopping – capturing some Japanese held islands & going around others to use them as stepping stones toward Japan

  • MacArthur “returns” to Philippines, Americans capture Iwo Jima & Okinawa

  • Kamikazes crashed planes into US ships (USS Emmons)

  • US planned to invade Japan in Autumn of 1945, but expected very high casualties (up to 1 mill)


Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific

Kamikaze Pilots

Suicide Bombers


1st US victory over Japan


B. Defeat of Japan

  • Potsdam Declaration – Allies warned Japan to surrender or face “prompt and utter destruction.” (meaning the newly developed atomic bomb – Manhattan Project). Japan ignored (didn’t know).

  • 8/6/45 Enola Gay drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima, destroying 80% of city & killing over 70,000. Japan still doesn’t surrender.

  • 8/9/45 US drops 2nd bomb on Nagasaki

  • Japan surrenders on 8/14 (V-J Day). Formal ceremony takes place on USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. War is over!


Tinian Island, 1945

Little Boy Fat Man

Enola Gay Crew


Hiroshima – August 6, 1945

  • 70,000 killed immediately.

  • 48,000 buildings. destroyed.

  • 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.


Nagasaki – August 9, 1945

  • 40,000 killed immediately.

  • 60,000 injured.

  • 100,000s died ofradiation poisoning& cancer later.


V-J Day (September 2, 1945)


C. Counting the Costs

  • Death Toll – WWII was the deadliest war in history (estimated 30-60 mill. killed)

  • Much of Europe & Asia destroyed (houses, roads, bridges, RRs, factories, farms, etc)

  • Bataan Death March – Japanese forced 60,000 American & Filipino POWs to march 100 miles w/out food or water (10,000 died or killed)


WW II Casualties

Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations


Japanese War Crimes Trials

General Hideki Tojo

Bio-Chemical Experiments


D. The Holocaust

  • Allied forces “discovered” the Nazi death camps at end of war in Europe

  • Over 12 million victims (Jews, Poles, Slavs, gypsies, etc.) were starved, tortured & murdered at concentration camps such as Auschwitz & Dachau

  • Throughout the war, the Nazis sent “undesirables” to these extermination camps as they conquered nations, hoping to rid Europe of these groups.

  • After the war, Nazi leaders were put on trial for war crimes (Nuremburg Trials). 12 were sentenced to death, thousands of others were imprisoned. Many, however, escaped.


The Nuremberg War Trials:Crimes Against Humanity


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