Fire, birds, bears and trees. Conservation and restoration of whitebark pine ecosystems. Harsh Environment. High elevation (above 7500 ft) Cold, moist winters with cool moist summers Short growing season (<60-80 days). Importance of whitebark pine.
Conservation and restoration of
whitebark pine ecosystems
Baker Lake, Selway Bitterroot Wilderness Area
We can date fire scars. There are three fire scars on this cross-section of a whitebark pine tree cut from a living tree in 1988
Sometimes we can map and date past fires from the age of trees that grew post-fire
We can also analyze maps of historical fires